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1984 (Nineteen Eighty-Four) by Orwell
Vocabulary

Top-Ranked Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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capitalism
21 uses
Capitalism has helped to move millions of people out of poverty.
capitalism = an economic system based on private ownership of property and businesses, and on voluntary exchange in a competitive environment
DefinitionGenerally capitalism means:
an economic system based on private ownership of property and businesses, and on voluntary exchange in a competitive environment — with the belief that voluntary exchanges harness inborn self-interest in millions of decisions that benefit society
Word Statistics
Book21 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
continuous
24 uses
The national power grid is under almost continuous attack.
continuous = constant (uninterrupted)
DefinitionGenerally continuous means:
continuing in time or space without interruption or irregularity
Word Statistics
Book24 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
demonstrate   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 11 uses
1  —3 uses as in:
It demonstrates my point.
The salesperson demonstrated features of both phones so I could compare them.
demonstrated = showed
DefinitionGenerally this sense of demonstrate means:
to show
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library19 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 18
Web Links
2  —8 uses as in:
demonstrate to protest
The students demonstrated against hate speech.
demonstrated = joined with others in a public protest
DefinitionGenerally this sense of demonstrate means:
a public display supporting a cause — usually joining with others in a political protest
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
direct   (4 meanings)
4 meanings, 19 uses
1  —7 uses as in:
directly above; or buy direct from
This flower does best in direct sunlight.
direct = without intervention from anything (in this case, not sun that is partially blocked or reflected)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of direct means:
straight (exactly where stated); or without involvement of anything in between
—including such senses as:
  • straight (without varying from a straight line)
  • exact (without other factors)
  • close (with other factors minimized)
  • personal (without other people in between)
  • unobstructed (without anything in between)
  • of a look: straight, steady, or focused—not a brief glance taken while generally looking at other things; not a sideways look
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library53 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
2  —7 uses as in:
was direct in my instructions
I left them with direct instructions.
direct = straightforward
DefinitionGenerally this sense of direct means:
straightforward (uncomplicated or simple — perhaps also indicating openness and honesty)
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 17
Web Links
3  —1 use as in:
directed her question to
The sprinkler head needs to be fixed so it directs water away from the house.
directs = aims
DefinitionGenerally this sense of direct means:
to indicate direction; or cause movement or focus in a direction or towards an object — such as
  • to aim a gun or comment at someone
  • to point in a particular direction
  • to focus attention on a particular object
  • to guide or give directions to someone to help them move to a particular place
  • to send someone to a particular place
  • to steer a car, boat, etc.
  • to send a letter to a particular person by putting a name and address on it
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library31 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 13
Web Links
4  —4 uses as in:
directed the movie
She directed the move.
directed = supervised (was in charge) — including specialized senses such as to have been in charge of the production of or performance of a movie, play, or orchestra
DefinitionGenerally this sense of direct means:
supervise, control, or to be in charge of
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library21 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
establish   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 7 uses
1  —5 uses as in:
establish a positive tone
Which word choice best maintains the tone established in the first paragraph?
established = created
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
create, start, or set in [a] place
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library22 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st useChapter 17
Web Links
2  —2 uses as in:
establish that there is a need
The passage is primarily about establishing the relationship between the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and global temperature.
establishing = showing or demonstrating
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
show or determine (cause to be recognized or figure out)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 21
Web Links
forgery
6 uses
The painting is a forgery.
forgery = a fake ( a copy meant to look like the original)
DefinitionGenerally forgery means:
something that is represented as real even though it is a fake; or the making of such a fake item
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 13
Web Links
heresy
20 uses
It is a hardline form of Sunni Islam that condemns all other strains as heresy.
heresy = something immoral
DefinitionGenerally heresy means:
opinions or actions most people consider immoral
Word Statistics
Book20 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
illustrate
2 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
as illustrated by this example
Pictures of flooding help to illustrate the problem of global warming.
illustrate = make clear
DefinitionGenerally this sense of illustrate means:
to help make clear — typically by example
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
obsolete
4 uses
That old phone is obsolete.
obsolete = outdated (no longer in general use because it was replaced by something better)
DefinitionGenerally obsolete means:
no longer in general use because it was replaced by something better
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
orthodox
21 uses
The new findings challenge orthodox views.
orthodox = standard (adhering to what is commonly accepted)
DefinitionGenerally orthodox means:
thinking and behavior that is (or was) commonly accepted
Word Statistics
Book21 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
prevail
6 uses
1  —6 uses as in:
prevailing attitude
In the afternoon, the meadow enjoys prevailing winds from the west.
prevailing = most commonly
DefinitionGenerally this sense of prevailing means:
most common, powerful, or influential
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 9
Web Links
proletariat
12 uses
Marx did not envision a generally satisfied proletariat that found meaning and financial reward in their work.
proletariat = a social class consisting of those who must work for wages to support themselves
Word Statistics
Book12 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 17
Web Links
rectify
8 uses
I am doing what I can to rectify the error.
rectify = make right or correct
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
relevant
4 uses
It is easier to learn things that seem relevant to your life.
relevant = related in a meaningful way to the issue in question
DefinitionGenerally relevant means:
relating in a meaningful way to the issue in question
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st useChapter 15
Web Links
wallow
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
wallow happily in the mud
The pigs wallowed in the large mud puddle.
wallowed = relaxed and perhaps rolled about
DefinitionGenerally this sense of wallow means:
to relax — especially of an animal rolling about in mud or shallow water

or more rarely:  a noun describing the mud puddle or indentation in which an animal relaxes or rolls around
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
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