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1984 by Orwell

Extra Credit Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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altercation
2 uses
We have video of the altercation.
altercation = a noisy argument, confrontation, or fight
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 1.8, p.85.1
Web Links
Big Brother
38 uses
Be careful. Big Brother is watching.
Big Brother = a person or organization that attempts to exercise total control over people and that invades their privacy to do so

(editor's note:  This expression and definition were popularized by this book. In the book, the expression refers specifically to the government described in the story.)
Word Statistics
Book38 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.1, p.2
Web Links
convey
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
convey her thoughts
She dresses to convey a sense of a successful, no-nonsense woman.
convey = communicate or express
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 1.6, p.67
Web Links
definitive
4 uses
I have only a tentative answer, but will be definitive next week.
definitive = beyond question
DefinitionGenerally definitive means:
beyond question

or:

the best possible or final answer or solution

or:

of something that defines or distinguishes a category
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 2.9 (17), p.186.9
Web Links
digress
2 uses
She always digresses when telling a story.
digresses = wanders from a direct course
DefinitionGenerally digress means:
wander from a direct or straight course — typically verbally
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3.6 (24), p.294.9
Web Links
discredit
4 uses
She spoke only of her strengths, but others on her campaign staff worked to discredit her opponent.
discredit = damage the reputation of
DefinitionGenerally discredit means:
damage the reputation of — often causing distrust of or disbelief in
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.5, p.55.4
Web Links
dissemble
1 use
After the primaries, she will dissemble her past statements to appear more moderate in her beliefs.
dissemble = be deceptive about
DefinitionGenerally dissemble means:
hide or disguise the truth without outright lying
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.1, p.17.1
Web Links
doctrine
10 uses
She argues that the action is protected under the separation-of-powers doctrine that is fundamental to the US Constitution.
doctrine = principle
DefinitionGenerally doctrine means:
a belief (or system of beliefs or principles) accepted as authoritative by some group
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 1.1, p.12.7
Web Links
empirical
3 uses
Is her theory supported by empirical data?
empirical = based on experience or observation rather than theory
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 2.9 (17), p.189.3
Web Links
fallacy
3 uses
The entire argument is built on a fallacy.
fallacy = a mistaken belief
DefinitionGenerally fallacy means:
a mistaken belief; or a common form of incorrect reasoning
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3.3 (21), p.266.4
Web Links
fluctuate
2 uses
"I'm not overweight. I fluctuate between chubby and curvy."
fluctuate = alternately increase and decrease in quantity
DefinitionGenerally fluctuate means:
to alternately increase and decrease in quantity
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 2.9 (17), p.185.8
Web Links
foreshadow
1 use
The author is known for creative use of foreshadowing.
foreshadowing = using events as signs of future events
DefinitionGenerally foreshadow means:
to be a sign of future events
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 2.9 (17), p.205.2
Web Links
passage
2 uses
Each passage below is followed by a number of questions.
passage = a short part of a longer written work
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 1.7, p.72.5
Web Links
servile
1 use
We expect our waiters to give world-class service, but not to be so servile they sacrifice their human dignity.
servile = excessively submissive
DefinitionGenerally servile means:
submissive — typically excessively so (so submissive or eager to serve and please that one seems to have no self-respect)

or:

relating to the work that requires obeying demeaning commands

or:

slave-like or relating to slaves
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3.1 (19), p.233.2
Web Links
strata
1 use
The Grand Canyon has many exposed rock strata ranging from 200 million to 2 billion years old.
strata = layers
DefinitionGenerally strata means:
layers

or:

levels, classes, or groups into which people or other things are divided
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.7, p.78.8
Web Links
subtle   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 8 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
a subtle poison
She is working subtly against us.
subtly = working in a way that is hard to see
DefinitionGenerally this sense of subtle means:
working in an indirect or hidden way
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 1.3, p.35.5
Web Links
2  —6 uses as in:
a subtle difference or thinker
She used subtle reasoning to expose the absurdity of his argument.
subtle = making use of slight distinctions
DefinitionGenerally this sense of subtle means:
not obvious, but understandable by someone with adequate sensitivity and relevant knowledge (perhaps depending upon fine distinctions)

or:

capable of understanding things that require sensitivity and relevant knowledge (perhaps understanding fine distinctions)
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 2.9 (17), p.215.5
Web Links
tacit
3 uses
There was a tacit understanding that Jessica would play good cop and Tyler would play bad cop.
tacit = implied (not directly said, but understood)
DefinitionGenerally tacit means:
implied or understood, but not expressed directly
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.6, p.65.2
Web Links
yield   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 3 uses
1  —1 use as in:
will yield valuable data
The discovery could yield a more effective treatment for diabetes.
yield = produce (lead to)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of yield means:
to produce (usually something wanted); or the thing or amount produced
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 2.9 (17), p.187.6
Web Links
2  —2 uses as in:
yield to pressure
The country vowed not to yield to pressure from its larger neighbors.
yield = give in
DefinitionGenerally this sense of yield means:
to give in, give way, or give up
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library13 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.2 (10), p.124.6
Web Links
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