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Great Expectations

Extra Credit Words with Typical Sample Sentences

instructions
approach   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 7 uses
1  —5 uses as in:
approached the city
Winter is approaching.
approaching = getting nearer
DefinitionGenerally this sense of approach means:
to get closer to (near in space, time, quantity, or quality)
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library95 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
2  —2 uses as in:
approached her with the proposal
They approached her about becoming a member of the committee.
approached = began communication with
DefinitionGenerally this sense of approach means:
to begin communication with someone about something — often a proposal or a delicate topic
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 37
Web Links
correspond   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 4 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
corresponding time period
The girls are using a simple code where "1" corresponds to "A", "2" to "B" and so on for each of the 26 letters of the alphabet.
corresponds = is equivalent
DefinitionGenerally this sense of correspond means:
connect or fit together by being equivalent, proportionate, or matched

(Two things are equivalent if they have the same or very similar value, purpose, or result.)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 11
Web Links
2  —2 uses as in:
corresponding by email
We correspond regularly via email.
correspond = write to each other
DefinitionGenerally this sense of correspond means:
communicate by writing letters or email
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 27
Web Links
countenance
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
a pleasant countenance
She has a pleasant countenance.
countenance = facial expression; or face
DefinitionGenerally this sense of countenance means:
facial expression; or face; or composure or manner
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 23
Web Links
derive
15 uses
She likes to win, but she doesn't derive pleasure from watching others lose.
derive = get
DefinitionGenerally derive means:
to get something from something else

(If the context doesn't otherwise indicate where something came from, it is generally from reasoning—especially deductive reasoning.)
Word Statistics
Book15 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
desist
1 use
The Federal Trade Commission ordered the company to cease-and-desist from making such claims.
desist = to not do something
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 53
Web Links
dismal
21 uses
The coach will probably be replaced after such a dismal year.
dismal = terrible
DefinitionGenerally dismal means:
of terrible quality or depressing; or dark and dreary (as when bad weather blocks the sun or when it is drizzly)
Word Statistics
Book21 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 35
Web Links
grindstone
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
sharpen on a grindstone
Do you have a grindstone to sharpen the knife?
grindstone = a  disk shaped stone used to sharpen or polish
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grindstone means:
a  disk shaped stone used to grind (as when wheat is ground to flour), or used to sharpen or polish (as when sharpening a knife)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 23
Web Links
hypothesis   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 3 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
a study to test her hypothesis
The study will test the hypothesis that a good marriage is more important than a higher income when measuring happiness.
hypothesis = a seemingly reasonable, but unproven, idea
DefinitionGenerally this sense of hypothesis means:
a seemingly reasonable, but unproven idea or explanation based upon known facts
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 48
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
assume as a working hypothesis
For the purpose of discussion, let's accept that the hypothesis that she is guilty is true. What would we have expected her to do after the incident?
hypothesis = something that may or may not be true, but is temporarily treated as true to advance a discussion or to further investigation
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
illustrate
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
as illustrated by this example
Pictures of flooding help to illustrate the problem of global warming.
illustrate = make clear
DefinitionGenerally this sense of illustrate means:
to help make clear — typically by example
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st useChapter 13
Web Links
nominal
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
he's nominally in charge
It was nominally written by the artist, but everyone suspects a ghostwriter did the bulk of the work.
nominally = in name only
DefinitionGenerally this sense of nominal means:
in form or name, but not in reality
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 37
Web Links
oblige   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 27 uses
1  —7 uses as in:
I obliged her every request.
She asked for help and we obliged her.
obliged = granted a favor to
DefinitionGenerally this sense of oblige means:
grant a favor to someone
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10
Web Links
2  —8 uses as in:
I'm much obliged for your kindness
I am much obliged to you for your help.
obliged = grateful or indebted
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10
Web Links
unquizzed meaning  —12 uses
render   (3 meanings)
3 meanings, 3 uses
1  —1 use as in:
rendered service or a verdict
We're waiting for the jury to render a verdict.
render = give
DefinitionGenerally this sense of render means:
to give or supply something
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 37
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
rendered her unconscious
Her verbal attack rendered me speechless.
rendered = made
DefinitionGenerally this sense of render means:
to make or cause to become
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 54
Web Links
3  —1 use as in:
rendered with, or rendered from
The pianist rendered the Beethoven sonata beautifully.
rendered = played (portrayed or gave her interpretation of)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of render means:
to portray or create something in a particular way; or to interpret, translate, or extract from
The exact meaning of this sense of render depends upon its context. For example:
  • "Each artist will render a different interpretation when painting a portrait." — create in a particular way
  • "A Supreme Court judge may render his own interpretation of the Constitution." — interpret in a particular way
  • "The computer you are using, rendered this page from software instructions." — created through interpretation
  • "A graph is rendered from the underlying data." — made
  • "Fat can be rendered (extracted) by cooking meat slowly." — extracted from
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 7
Web Links
repudiate
2 uses
The parents repudiated their son.
repudiated = strongly rejected
DefinitionGenerally repudiate means:
strong rejection — especially when the idea or thing being rejected was once embraced
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 19
Web Links
servile
3 uses
We expect our waiters to give world-class service, but not to be so servile they sacrifice their human dignity.
servile = excessively submissive
DefinitionGenerally servile means:
submissive — typically excessively so (so submissive or eager to serve and please that one seems to have no self-respect)

or:

relating to the work that requires obeying demeaning commands

or:

slave-like or relating to slaves
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 19
Web Links
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