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Great Expectations
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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approach   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 7 uses
1  —5 uses as in:
approached the city
Winter is approaching.
approaching = getting nearer
DefinitionGenerally this sense of approach means:
to get closer to
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library88 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
2  —2 uses as in:
approached her with the proposal
They approached her about becoming a member of the committee.
approached = began speaking with someone about something
DefinitionGenerally this sense of approach means:
to begin communication with someone about something — often a proposal or a delicate topic
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 37
Web Links
correspond   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 4 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
corresponding time period
Eskimos have many words that correspond to the English word snow. For example, there are different words for "snow on the ground", "fresh snow on the ground", "soft snow on the ground", "a crust of snow on the ground" and so forth.
correspond = are equivalent
DefinitionGenerally this sense of correspond means:
connect or fit together by being equivalent, proportionate, or matched

(Two things are equivalent if they have the same or very similar value, purpose, or result.)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 11
Web Links
2  —2 uses as in:
corresponding by email
We correspond regularly via email.
correspond = write to each other
DefinitionGenerally this sense of correspond means:
communicate by writing letters or email
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 27
Web Links
countenance
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
a pleasant countenance
She has a pleasant countenance.
countenance = facial expression; or face
DefinitionGenerally this sense of countenance means:
facial expression; or face; or composure
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 23
Web Links
desist
1 use
The Federal Trade Commission ordered the company to cease-and-desist from making such claims.
desist = to stop doing something
DefinitionGenerally desist means:
to not do something
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 53
Web Links
dismal
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
a dismal expression
It was a dark and dismal night.
dismal = depressing or gloomy
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 54
Web Links
grindstone
1 use
Do you have a grindstone to sharpen the knife?
grindstone = a revolving stone shaped like a disk that is used to grind, sharpen or polish
DefinitionGenerally grindstone means:
a revolving stone shaped like a disk that is used to grind, sharpen or polish

or:

work — as in the expressions "back to the grindstone" (back to work) or "keep your nose to the grindstone" (keep working hard)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 23
Web Links
hypothesis   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 3 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
a study to test her hypothesis
The study will test the hypothesis that a good marriage is more important than a higher income when measuring happiness.
hypothesis = a seemingly reasonable, but unproven, idea or explanation
DefinitionGenerally this sense of hypothesis means:
seemingly reasonable, but unproven idea or explanation based upon known facts
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 48
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
assume as a working hypothesis
For the purpose of discussion, let's accept that the hypothesis that she is guilty is true. What would we have expected her to do after the incident?
hypothesis = something that may or may not be true, but is temporarily treated as true to advance a discussion or to further investigation
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
illustrate
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
as illustrated by this example
Pictures of flooding help to illustrate the problem of global warming.
illustrate = make clear
DefinitionGenerally this sense of illustrate means:
to help make clear — typically by example
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st useChapter 13
Web Links
oblige
27 uses
1  —8 uses as in:
I'm much obliged for your kindness
I am much obliged to you for your help.
obliged = grateful or indebted
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10
Web Links
?  —19 uses
exact meaning not specified
or not quizzed
prodigal
1 use
The rainforest is filled with a prodigal variety of vegetation.
prodigal = abundant (many, many kinds)
DefinitionGenerally prodigal means:
recklessly wasteful

or more rarely:

abundant (extravagant in amount)

or more rarely still:

long absent (someone who has been away a long time)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
querulous
1 use
He said it in a slightly querulous tone.
querulous = habitually complaining — especially in a high-pitched whiny voice
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 55
Web Links
render   (3 meanings)
3 meanings, 3 uses
1  —1 use as in:
rendered service or a verdict
We're waiting for the jury to render a verdict.
render = give
DefinitionGenerally this sense of render means:
to give or supply something
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 37
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
rendered her unconscious
Her verbal attack rendered me speechless.
rendered = made (caused to become)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of render means:
to make or cause to become
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 54
Web Links
3  —1 use as in:
rendered with, or rendered from
The pianist rendered the Beethoven sonata beautifully.
rendered = played (portrayed or gave her interpretation of)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of render means:
to portray or create something in a particular way; or to interpret, translate, or extract from

(see word notes for more detailed definitions based on context)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 7
Web Links
repudiate
2 uses
The parents repudiated their son.
repudiated = strongly rejected
DefinitionGenerally repudiate means:
strong rejection — especially when the idea or thing being rejected was once embraced
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 19
Web Links
servile
3 uses
She acknowledged her submission in a servile tone.
servile = excessively submissive
DefinitionGenerally servile means:
submissive — typically excessively so (so submissive or eager to serve and please that one seems to have no self-respect)

or:

relating to the work that requires obeying demeaning commands

or:

slave-like or relating to slaves
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 19
Web Links
vacillate
1 use
She was determined and did not vacillate in the least.
vacillate = to change one's mind back and forth between conflicting ideas
DefinitionGenerally vacillate means:
to change one's mind back and forth between conflicting ideas

or:

to sway back and forth
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 54
Web Links
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