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The Scarlet Letter
Vocabulary

Top-Ranked Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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accord   (3 meanings)
3 meanings, 23 uses
1  —18 uses as in:
according to, or in accord with
She will get a fair trial in accordance with the law.
accordance = keeping with; or agreement with
DefinitionGenerally this sense of accord means:
in keeping with; or in agreement/harmony/unity with
This sense of accord is often seen in the form according to where it can take on more specific meanings. For example:
  • "According to Kim, ..." — as stated by
  • "To each according to her ability." — based upon
  • "Points are scored according to how well they perform." — depending upon
  • "The dose is calculated according to body weight." — in proportion to
Word Statistics
Book18 uses
Library46 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
2  —3 uses as in:
done of her own accord
She was not forced. She did it of her own accord.
own accord = mind
DefinitionGenerally this sense of accord means:
mind — voluntarily (without anyone asking)
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
3  —2 uses as in:
accord her the respect deserved
They expect to be accorded the same respect as any other nuclear armed nation.
accorded = given special treatment
DefinitionGenerally this sense of accord means:
to give someone special treatment — especially respect
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
adapted
8 uses
1  —5 uses as in:
adapted to the new rules
Ideas contained in passages for this test, some of which are excerpted or adapted from published material, do not necessarily represent the opinions of the College Board.
adapted = changed (to fit this situation)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of adapted means:
changed to fit a different situation; or made suitable
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
unquizzed meaning  —3 uses
attribute   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 14 uses
1  —12 uses as in:
It is an attribute of...
The spreadsheet has a column to describe the breed of dog and then ten additional columns to indicate attributes of the breeds. For example the second column has the average full-grown weight.
attributes = characteristics
DefinitionGenerally this sense of attribute means:
a characteristic (of something or someone)
Word Statistics
Book12 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
2  —2 uses as in:
I attribute it to...
She attributed this quotation to Shakespeare.
attributed = credited (pointed to a source for something)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of attribute means:
to credit (a source for something)
in two typical senses:
  • "I attribute it to her work." — to say who or what made something happen
  • "Remember to attribute any quotations in your paper." — indicate the source of a quotation or idea
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 11
Web Links
dwell   (3 meanings)
3 meanings, 21 uses
1  —3 uses as in:
Don't dwell on it.
Don't dwell on the past.
dwell = think or talk about something longer than seems appropriate
DefinitionGenerally this sense of dwell means:
to think, communicate, or let attention stay on (or return to) something for a prolonged period
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 14
Web Links
2  —13 uses as in:
It dwells in the forest.
The creature dwells in the forest.
dwells = lives in
DefinitionGenerally this sense of dwell means:
make one's home in; or to live in; or to stay (in a place)
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
3  —5 uses as in:
a modest dwelling
There is a second dwelling unit on the property.
dwelling = a home in which someone lives
DefinitionGenerally this sense of dwelling means:
a house or shelter in which someone lives
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
establish   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 12 uses
1  —11 uses as in:
establish a positive tone
Which word choice best maintains the tone established in the first paragraph?
established = created
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
create, start, or set in [a] place
Word Statistics
Book11 uses
Library21 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
establish that there is a need
The passage is primarily about establishing the relationship between the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and global temperature.
establishing = showing or demonstrating
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
show or determine (cause to be recognized or figure out)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 24
Web Links
ignominious
24 uses
They retreated in ignominious defeat.
ignominious = bringing disgrace or shame
DefinitionGenerally ignominious means:
deserving or bringing disgrace or shame — typically in reference to behavior or character
Word Statistics
Book24 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
infamy
12 uses
Yesterday, December 7, 1941 - a date which will live on in infamy - the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
infamy = famous for something bad
DefinitionGenerally infamy means:
famous for something that is bad; or an extremely bad event
Word Statistics
Book12 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
magistrate
31 uses
The local magistrate insisted on a cash payment for the speeding ticket.
magistrate = judge
DefinitionGenerally magistrate means:
a judge or judicial official
The exact meaning of magistrate varies widely depending upon the context. For example:
  • in the U.S. federal court:  assists district court judges by handling minor offenses or administrative tasks such as preliminary hearings (often referred to as a magistrate judge rather than just a magistrate)
  • in some U.S. states:  a judge in the state court
  • in France, Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands, and other civil law countries:  a sitting magistrate is a judge and a standing magistrate is a prosecutor
  • in England:  may be a volunteer without formal legal training who performs a judicial role with regard to minor matters
  • in ancient Rome:  a powerful officer with both judicial and executive power
Word Statistics
Book31 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
moreover
20 uses
The company has too much debt. Moreover, it is responsible for a long term lease on expensive office space.
moreover = in addition to what has just been said
Word Statistics
Book20 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
reflection   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 7 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
is a reflection of American values
The diversity of our police force is a reflection of our community.
reflection = representation
DefinitionGenerally this sense of reflection means:
something that indirectly shows something else — such as an indication, demonstration, expression, or representation of something
The exact meaning of this sense of reflection depends upon its context. For example:
  • "The students' behavior is a reflection on the school." — indication of quality
  • "She says the immorality in the movie is a reflection of American values." — expression or representation
  • "It was a reflection of the selfishness she had seen growing for years." — demonstration
  • "The surrounding panic found no reflection in her." — expression or demonstration
  • "I saw no reflection of jealousy in her action." — indication or sign
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
2  —3 uses as in:
share my reflections about it
In this passage, the author shares some of her reflections on life as a waitress.
reflections = thoughts and memories
DefinitionGenerally this sense of reflections means:
thoughts or memories
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 9
Web Links
unquizzed meaning  —2 uses
sustain   (3 meanings)
3 meanings, 14 uses
1  —7 uses as in:
sustained by her faith
We sustained ourselves on bread and water.
sustained = supported
DefinitionGenerally this sense of sustain means:
provide support or necessities
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 21
Web Links
2  —4 uses as in:
sustained through the ages
For twenty years, the company has sustained its leading position in creating special effects for films.
sustained = continued through time
DefinitionGenerally this sense of sustain means:
to continue through time
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
3  —3 uses as in:
sustained wounds
Every building within a two miles of the center of the earthquake sustained damage.
sustained = suffered from
DefinitionGenerally this sense of sustain means:
to suffer (as of injury, damage, or loss)
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 21
Web Links
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