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The Scarlet Letter
Vocabulary

Top-Ranked Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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accord   (3 meanings)
3 meanings, 23 uses
1  —18 uses as in:
according to, or in accord with
She will get a fair trial in accordance with the law.
accordance = keeping with; or agreement with
DefinitionGenerally this sense of accord means:
in keeping with; or in agreement/harmony/unity with
This sense of accord is often seen in the form according to where it can take on more specific meanings. For example:
  • "According to Kim, ..." — as stated by
  • "To each according to her ability." — based upon
  • "Points are scored according to how well they perform." — depending upon
  • "The dose is calculated according to body weight." — in proportion to
Word Statistics
Book18 uses
Library46 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
2  —3 uses as in:
done of her own accord
She was not forced. She did it of her own accord.
own accord = mind
DefinitionGenerally this sense of accord means:
mind — voluntarily (without anyone asking)
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
3  —2 uses as in:
accord her the respect deserved
They expect to be accorded the same respect as any other nuclear armed nation.
accorded = given special treatment
DefinitionGenerally this sense of accord means:
to give someone special treatment — especially respect
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
adapt
8 uses
Ideas contained in passages for this test, some of which are excerpted or adapted from published material, do not necessarily represent the opinions of the College Board.
adapted = changed (to fit this situation)
DefinitionGenerally adapt means:
change to fit a different situation; or make suitable

or more rarely: to be especially well-suited or appropriate for something without the need to make a change
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
attribute   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 14 uses
1  —12 uses as in:
It is an attribute of...
The spreadsheet has a column to describe the breed of dog and then ten additional columns to indicate attributes of the breeds. For example the second column has the average full-grown weight.
attributes = characteristics
DefinitionGenerally this sense of attribute means:
a characteristic (of something or someone)
Word Statistics
Book12 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
2  —2 uses as in:
I attribute it to...
She attributed this quotation to Shakespeare.
attributed = credited (pointed to a source for something)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of attribute means:
to credit (a source for something)
in two typical senses:
  • "I attribute it to her work." — to say who or what made something happen
  • "Remember to attribute any quotations in your paper." — indicate the source of a quotation or idea
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 11
Web Links
dwell   (3 meanings)
3 meanings, 21 uses
1  —3 uses as in:
Don't dwell on it.
Don't dwell on the past.
dwell = think or talk about something longer than seems appropriate
DefinitionGenerally this sense of dwell means:
to think, communicate, or let attention stay on (or return to) something for a prolonged period
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 14
Web Links
2  —13 uses as in:
It dwells in the forest.
The creature dwells in the forest.
dwells = lives in
DefinitionGenerally this sense of dwell means:
make one's home in; or to live in; or to stay (in a place)
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
3  —5 uses as in:
a modest dwelling
There is a second dwelling unit on the property.
dwelling = a home in which someone lives
DefinitionGenerally this sense of dwelling means:
a house or shelter in which someone lives
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
establish   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 12 uses
1  —11 uses as in:
establish a positive tone
Which word choice best maintains the tone established in the first paragraph?
established = created
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
create, start, or set in [a] place
Word Statistics
Book11 uses
Library22 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
establish that there is a need
The passage is primarily about establishing the relationship between the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere and global temperature.
establishing = showing or demonstrating
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
show or determine (cause to be recognized or figure out)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 24
Web Links
ignominious
24 uses
They retreated in ignominious defeat.
ignominious = bringing disgrace or shame
DefinitionGenerally ignominious means:
deserving or bringing disgrace or shame — typically in reference to behavior or character
Word Statistics
Book24 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
infamy
12 uses
Yesterday, December 7, 1941 - a date which will live on in infamy - the United States of America was suddenly and deliberately attacked by naval and air forces of the Empire of Japan.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
infamy = famous for something bad
DefinitionGenerally infamy means:
famous for something that is bad; or an extremely bad event
Word Statistics
Book12 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
magistrate
31 uses
The local magistrate insisted on a cash payment for the speeding ticket.
magistrate = judge
DefinitionGenerally magistrate means:
a judge or judicial official
The exact meaning of magistrate varies widely depending upon the context. For example:
  • in the U.S. federal court:  assists district court judges by handling minor offenses or administrative tasks such as preliminary hearings (often referred to as a magistrate judge rather than just a magistrate)
  • in some U.S. states:  a judge in the state court
  • in France, Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands, and other civil law countries:  a sitting magistrate is a judge and a standing magistrate is a prosecutor
  • in England:  may be a volunteer without formal legal training who performs a judicial role with regard to minor matters
  • in ancient Rome:  a powerful officer with both judicial and executive power
Word Statistics
Book31 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
moreover
20 uses
The company has too much debt. Moreover, it is responsible for a long term lease on expensive office space.
moreover = in addition to what has just been said
Word Statistics
Book20 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
reflection   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 7 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
is a reflection of American values
The diversity of our police force is a reflection of our community.
reflection = representation
DefinitionGenerally this sense of reflection means:
something that indirectly shows something else — such as an indication, demonstration, expression, or representation of something
The exact meaning of this sense of reflection depends upon its context. For example:
  • "The students' behavior is a reflection on the school." — indication of quality
  • "She says the immorality in the movie is a reflection of American values." — expression or representation
  • "It was a reflection of the selfishness she had seen growing for years." — demonstration
  • "The surrounding panic found no reflection in her." — expression or demonstration
  • "I saw no reflection of jealousy in her action." — indication or sign
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
2  —3 uses as in:
share my reflections about it
In this passage, the author shares some of her reflections on life as a waitress.
reflections = thoughts and memories
DefinitionGenerally this sense of reflections means:
thoughts or memories
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 9
Web Links
?  —2 uses
exact meaning not specified
or not quizzed
sustain   (3 meanings)
3 meanings, 14 uses
1  —7 uses as in:
sustained by her faith
We sustained ourselves on bread and water.
sustained = supported
DefinitionGenerally this sense of sustain means:
provide support or necessities
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 21
Web Links
2  —4 uses as in:
sustained through the ages
For twenty years, the company has sustained its leading position in creating special effects for films.
sustained = continued through time
DefinitionGenerally this sense of sustain means:
to continue through time
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
3  —3 uses as in:
sustained wounds
Every building within a two miles of the center of the earthquake sustained damage.
sustained = suffered from
DefinitionGenerally this sense of sustain means:
to suffer (as of injury, damage, or loss)
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 21
Web Links
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