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The Scarlet Letter
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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abstruse
1 use
The professor's lectures were so abstruse that students tended to avoid them.
abstruse = difficult to understand
DefinitionGenerally abstruse means:
difficult to understand; or not known by the great majority of people
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 11
Web Links
detrimental
3 uses
Publicity about the crime has been detrimental to tourism.
detrimental = harmful
DefinitionGenerally detrimental means:
causing harm or damage
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useIntr.
Web Links
diversify
1 use
She has been typecast as the female who beats up males, but she's eager to diversify her roles.
diversify = make more varied
DefinitionGenerally diversify means:
to make more varied

This is used to describe variation in some things so frequently that they can be implied by the general context without a need to state them explicitly — such as:
  • with regard to people — varying races, ethnicities, and genders
  • with regard to investments — varying types of investments
  • with regard to a company — varying sources of business
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useIntr.
Web Links
efficacy
4 uses
The doctor weighed the efficacy of each treatment against potential side-effects.
efficacy = effectiveness
DefinitionGenerally efficacy means:
effectiveness (the ability to produce a desired result)
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
endowment
5 uses
We have a ten million dollar endowment to fight Malaria in Ghana.
endowment = gift of money
DefinitionGenerally endowment means:
the invested money that provides income for an institution; or an instance of giving such money

or:

abilities or qualities — especially those that are nature-given
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 22
Web Links
enjoin
4 uses
Environmentalist seek to enjoin the drilling on the grounds that it is unnecessary and dangerous.
enjoin = prohibit (command not to do something)
DefinitionGenerally enjoin means:
to command someone to do (or not do) something
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
forthwith
6 uses
The judge ordered her release "forthwith."
forthwith = immediately
DefinitionGenerally forthwith means:
immediately — (most typically seen in legal documents, formal use, or classic literature)
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
imbibe
4 uses
I try to eat before I imbibe and then drink plenty of water.
imbibe = drink alcohol
DefinitionGenerally imbibe means:
to take in — especially to drink alcohol or be influenced by ideas
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
implicit
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
I trust her implicitly.
Her team has implicit confidence in her decisions.
implicit = without question or doubt
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 11
Web Links
iniquity
5 uses
That was when I realized I had to climb up from the depths of iniquity.
iniquity = immorality
DefinitionGenerally iniquity means:
immorality; or an immoral act
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
opportune
3 uses
They launched their company at an opportune time.
opportune = favorable
DefinitionGenerally opportune means:
favorable circumstances for a particular purpose — especially the circumstance of good timing
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
purport
11 uses
1  —11 uses as in:
The purport of the letter was...
The purport of the letter is that she is innocent and claims to the contrary are motivated by greed.
purport = general meaning
DefinitionGenerally this sense of purport means:
the general meaning, purpose, intent, or significance of something
Word Statistics
Book11 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
tempered   (3 meanings)
3 meanings, 6 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
bad news tempered by kindness
Her criticism was tempered with kindly sympathy.
tempered = made less extreme
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
tempered steel
The sword is made of tempered steel.
tempered = made stronger or more flexible by heat treatment
DefinitionGenerally this sense of tempered means:
made stronger or more flexible by heat treatment — often of steel or glass
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useIntr.
Web Links
3  —3 uses as in:
short-tempered
She is patient and even-tempered.
tempered = not easily angered or upset
DefinitionGenerally this sense of tempered means:
having a typical mood or temperament — often in reference to how easily one is angered
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
tempestuous
5 uses
She has a tempestuous relationship with her mother.
tempestuous = turbulent (emotionally violent)
DefinitionGenerally tempestuous means:
strongly turbulent — as of a storm or unstable emotions
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
torpid
4 uses
The news has stirred the country's usually torpid parliament to action.
torpid = slow or inactive
DefinitionGenerally torpid means:
of people:  slow or inactive — usually resulting from a lack of energy and interest

or:

of animals:  a condition of biological rest or suspended animation — (could be in the evening, during the cold, or as in a hibernated or dormant state all winter)
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 12
Web Links
trifle with   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 8 uses
1  —1 use as in:
trifle with her affections
She is not a woman to trifle with or ignore.
trifle with = treat thoughtlessly or without respect
DefinitionGenerally this sense of trifle with means:
to treat somebody or something thoughtlessly or without respect
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 12
Web Links
2  —7 uses as in:
a trifling matter
Don't waste my time with trifling matters.
trifling = things of little importance
DefinitionGenerally this sense of trifling means:
something of small importance; or a small quantity
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
typify
4 uses
It typifies the excellent work we've come to expect from her.
typifies = is a typical example of
DefinitionGenerally typify means:
to be a typical example of; or to represent or be characteristic of
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 11
Web Links
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