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The Scarlet Letter

Extra Credit Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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countenance   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 12 uses
1  —9 uses as in:
a pleasant countenance
She has a pleasant countenance.
countenance = facial expression; or face
DefinitionGenerally this sense of countenance means:
facial expression; or face; or composure or manner
Word Statistics
Book9 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
2  —3 uses as in:
giving countenance
We will not countenance torture.
countenance = to tolerate or approve
DefinitionGenerally this sense of countenance means:
to tolerate, approve, or show favor or support
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 9
Web Links
imbue
6 uses
She imbues her lectures with a contagious enthusiasm.
imbues = fills
DefinitionGenerally imbue means:
to fill with or diffuse throughout — especially an emotional quality
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
infirm
14 uses
She is too infirm to walk unassisted.
infirm = weak from old age or disease
Word Statistics
Book14 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 17
Web Links
iniquity
5 uses
That was when I realized I had to climb up from the depths of iniquity.
iniquity = immorality
DefinitionGenerally iniquity means:
immorality; or an immoral act
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
magistrate
31 uses
The local magistrate insisted on a cash payment for the speeding ticket.
magistrate = judge
DefinitionGenerally magistrate means:
a judge or judicial official
The exact meaning of magistrate varies widely depending upon the context. For example:
  • in the U.S. federal court:  assists district court judges by handling minor offenses or administrative tasks such as preliminary hearings (often referred to as a magistrate judge rather than just a magistrate)
  • in some U.S. states:  a judge in the state court
  • in France, Belgium, Italy, the Netherlands, and other civil law countries:  a sitting magistrate is a judge and a standing magistrate is a prosecutor
  • in England:  may be a volunteer without formal legal training who performs a judicial role with regard to minor matters
  • in ancient Rome:  a powerful officer with both judicial and executive power
Word Statistics
Book31 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
pious
16 uses
1  —16 uses as in:
a good, pious woman
The cartoon with a drawing of Muhammad outraged many pious Muslims.
pious = highly religious
DefinitionGenerally this sense of pious means:
religious or highly moral
Word Statistics
Book16 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
Puritans
24 uses
The Pilgrims who we remember on Thanksgiving were Puritans.
Puritans = English Protestants who in the 16th and 17th centuries wanted more purity and less ritual in worship, and who stressed hard work above pleasure
DefinitionGenerally Puritans means:
English Protestants who in the 16th and 17th centuries wanted more purity and less ritual in worship, and who stressed hard work above pleasure

(a Protestant is any of the Western Christian religious denominations that broke off from the Catholic Church. In the US, the bets known are Baptists, Methodists, Presbyterians, and Episcopalians.)
Word Statistics
Book24 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 21
Web Links
purport
11 uses
1  —11 uses as in:
The purport of the letter was...
The purport of the letter is that she is innocent and claims to the contrary are motivated by greed.
purport = general meaning
DefinitionGenerally this sense of purport means:
the general meaning, purpose, intent, or significance of something
Word Statistics
Book11 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
revere
28 uses
Many fans revere Michael Jordan as one of the greatest basketball players of all time.
revere = deeply respect and admire
DefinitionGenerally revere means:
regard with feelings of deep respect and admiration — sometimes with a mixture of wonder and awe or fear
Word Statistics
Book28 uses
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 10
Web Links
somber   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 14 uses
1  —10 uses as in:
a somber mood
Before she said anything, I knew it was bad news from her somber face.
somber = serious and cheerless
DefinitionGenerally this sense of somber means:
serious and without humor or fun — perhaps sad
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
2  —4 uses as in:
somber colors
She wore a somber black dress to the funeral.
somber = lacking brightness or color
DefinitionGenerally this sense of somber means:
lacking brightness or color — perhaps gloomy
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
stigma
5 uses
The stigma associated with sexually transmitted diseases makes diagnosis and treatment more difficult.
stigma = societal disapproval or shaming
DefinitionGenerally this sense of stigma means:
societal disapproval or shaming associated with a behavior or a condition — (often used to describe unreasonable disapproval or shaming)
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 18
Web Links
tempered
7 uses
1  —3 uses as in:
bad news tempered by kindness
Her criticism was tempered with kindly sympathy.
tempered = made less extreme
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
unquizzed meaning  —4 uses
tempestuous
5 uses
She has a tempestuous relationship with her mother.
tempestuous = turbulent (emotionally violent)
DefinitionGenerally tempestuous means:
strongly turbulent — as of a storm or unstable emotions
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
trifle   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 8 uses
1  —7 uses as in:
a trifling matter
We all agree with the goal, but how to achieve it is not a trifling matter.
trifling = small (of little importance)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of trifle means:
something of small importance; or a small quantity
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
trifle with her affections
She is not a woman to trifle with or ignore.
trifle with = treat thoughtlessly or without respect
DefinitionGenerally this sense of trifle with means:
to treat somebody or something thoughtlessly or without respect
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 12
Web Links
unrequited
9 uses
It's a sad song about the heartbreak of unrequited love.
unrequited = unreturned
DefinitionGenerally unrequited means:
not returned in kind
Word Statistics
Book9 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
wrought   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 20 uses
1  —5 uses as in:
wrought iron
The windows have decorative wrought iron bars for security.
wrought = worked or crafted
DefinitionGenerally this sense of wrought means:
worked — as when iron is shaped to fit by bending or beating
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
2  —15 uses as in:
the damage she has wrought
The town still hasn't recovered from the damage wrought by the hurricane.
wrought = caused (made to happen)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of wrought means:
caused to happen or occurred as a consequence
Word Statistics
Book15 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
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