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The Scarlet Letter

Extra Credit Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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apprehend   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 2 uses
1  —1 use as in:
apprehend the situation
She doesn't yet apprehend the seriousness of the charge against her.
apprehend = understand
DefinitionGenerally this sense of apprehend means:
to understand or perceive (see or become aware of)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 20
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
apprehend misfortune
It can be worse to apprehend than to suffer.
apprehend = fear, or anticipate with worry

(editor's note:  This is commonly seen in the forms apprehensive or apprehension, but it is also seen in this form in classic literature.)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 20
Web Links
diversify
1 use
She has been typecast as the female who beats up males, but she's eager to diversify her roles.
diversify = make more varied
DefinitionGenerally diversify means:
to make more varied
Diversify is used to describe variation in some things so frequently that they can be implied by the general context without a need to state them explicitly — such as:
  • with regard to people — varying races, ethnicities, and genders
  • with regard to investments — varying types of investments
  • with regard to a company — varying sources of business
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useIntr.
Web Links
efficacy
4 uses
The doctor weighed the efficacy of each treatment against potential side-effects.
efficacy = effectiveness
DefinitionGenerally efficacy means:
effectiveness (the ability to produce a desired result)
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
endowment
5 uses
We have a ten million dollar endowment to fight Malaria in Ghana.
endowment = gift of money
DefinitionGenerally endowment means:
the invested money that provides income for an institution; or an instance of giving such money

or:

abilities or qualities — especially those that are nature-given
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 22
Web Links
enjoin
4 uses
1  —4 uses as in:
enjoined us to act
The organization enjoins its members to recycle waste.
enjoins = urges
DefinitionGenerally this sense of enjoin means:
to urge or command someone to do something
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
forthwith
6 uses
The judge ordered her release "forthwith."
forthwith = immediately
DefinitionGenerally forthwith means:
immediately — (most typically seen in legal documents, formal use, or classic literature)
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
imbibe
4 uses
I try to eat before I imbibe and then drink plenty of water.
imbibe = drink alcohol
DefinitionGenerally imbibe means:
to take in — especially to drink alcohol or be influenced by ideas
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
imbue
6 uses
She imbues her lectures with a contagious enthusiasm.
imbues = fills
DefinitionGenerally imbue means:
to fill with or diffuse throughout — especially an emotional quality
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
implicit
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
I trust her implicitly.
Her team has implicit confidence in her decisions.
implicit = without question or doubt
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 11
Web Links
iniquity
5 uses
That was when I realized I had to climb up from the depths of iniquity.
iniquity = immorality
DefinitionGenerally iniquity means:
immorality; or an immoral act
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
purport
11 uses
1  —11 uses as in:
The purport of the letter was...
The purport of the letter is that she is innocent and claims to the contrary are motivated by greed.
purport = general meaning
DefinitionGenerally this sense of purport means:
the general meaning, purpose, intent, or significance of something
Word Statistics
Book11 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
stigma
5 uses
The stigma associated with sexually transmitted diseases makes diagnosis and treatment more difficult.
stigma = societal disapproval or shaming
DefinitionGenerally this sense of stigma means:
societal disapproval or shaming associated with a behavior or a condition — (often used to describe unreasonable disapproval or shaming)
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 18
Web Links
tempered   (3 meanings)
3 meanings, 6 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
bad news tempered by kindness
Her criticism was tempered with kindly sympathy.
tempered = made less extreme
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
tempered steel
The sword is made of tempered steel.
tempered = made stronger or more flexible by heat treatment
DefinitionGenerally this sense of tempered means:
made stronger or more flexible by heat treatment — often of steel or glass
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useIntr.
Web Links
3  —3 uses as in:
short-tempered
She is patient and even-tempered.
tempered = not easily angered or upset
DefinitionGenerally this sense of tempered means:
having a typical mood or temperament — often in reference to how easily one is angered
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
tempestuous
5 uses
She has a tempestuous relationship with her mother.
tempestuous = turbulent (emotionally violent)
DefinitionGenerally tempestuous means:
strongly turbulent — as of a storm or unstable emotions
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
torpid
4 uses
The news has stirred the country's usually torpid parliament to action.
torpid = slow or inactive
DefinitionGenerally torpid means:
of people:  slow or inactive — usually resulting from a lack of energy and interest

or:

of animals:  a condition of biological rest or suspended animation — (could be in the evening, during the cold, or as in a hibernated or dormant state all winter)
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 12
Web Links
trifle with   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 8 uses
1  —1 use as in:
trifle with her affections
She is not a woman to trifle with or ignore.
trifle with = treat thoughtlessly or without respect
DefinitionGenerally this sense of trifle with means:
to treat somebody or something thoughtlessly or without respect
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 12
Web Links
2  —7 uses as in:
a trifling matter
We all agree with the goal, but how to achieve it is not a trifling matter.
trifling = small (of little importance)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of trifling means:
something of small importance; or a small quantity
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
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