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as in:  gender discrimination

Gender roles were more defined when my grandmother was growing up.
  all the members of one sex (male or female)

or: the state of being either male or female

or (recently and especially with regard to self-identification): the state of being male, female, transsexual, or any of many other categories
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gender genders
While the word sex can almost always be substituted for this meaning of gender, gender is typically used in reference to cultural or social differences, while sex is typically used for biological differences.
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  • Gender roles were more defined when my grandmother was growing up.
  • The court found the company guilty of gender discrimination.
  • The study found pay differences by gender.
  • Facebook has over 50 choices that can be selected as gender.

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  • The other motive, Why to a public count I might not go, Is the great love the general gender bear him; Who, dipping all his faults in their affection, Would, like the spring that turneth wood to stone, Convert his gyves to graces; so that my arrows, Too slightly timber’d for so loud a wind, Would have reverted to my bow again, And not where I had aim’d them.
    William Shakespeare  --  Hamlet, Prince of Denmark
  • Hast thou no understandings for thy cases, and the numbers of the genders?
    William Shakespeare  --  The Merry Wives of Windsor
  • Our bodies are gardens, to the which our wills are gardeners; so that if we will plant nettles or sow lettuce, set hyssop and weed up thyme, supply it with one gender of herbs or distract it with many, either to have it sterile with idleness or manured with industry; why, the power and corrigible authority of this lies in our wills.
    William Shakespeare  --  Othello, the Moor of Venice
  • Perhaps his exalted appreciation of the merits of the old girl causes him usually to make the noun-substantive "goodness" of the feminine gender.
    Charles Dickens  --  Bleak House
  • But on Miss Mills observing, with despondency, that it were well indeed for some hearts if this were so, I explained that I begged leave to restrict the observation to mortals of the masculine gender.
    Charles Dickens  --  David Copperfield
  • Gender,’ suggested Mr Squeers, regarding the spectators with a malevolent eye—literally A malevolent eye.
    Charles Dickens  --  Nicholas Nickleby

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  • Public opinion, in these cases, is always of the feminine gender,—not the world, but the world’s wife; and she would have seen that two handsome young people—the gentleman of quite the first family in St. Ogg’s—having found themselves in a false position, had been led into a course which, to say the least of it, was highly injudicious, and productive of sad pain and disappointment, especially to that sweet young thing, Miss Deane.
    George Eliot  --  The Mill on the Floss
  • There were five members of the Council, three of the male gender and two of the female.
    Ayn Rand  --  Anthem
  • One is not "gender-specific," as they say these days (psychoactive substance abuse).
    Susanna Kaysen  --  Girl Interrupted
  • The dispatch had been filed from Everest via a coded radio message (to prevent competitors from scooping the Times) by a young correspondent named James Morris who, twenty years later, having earned considerable esteem as a writer, would famously change his gender to female and his Christian name to Jan.
    Jon Krakauer  --  Into Thin Air
  • Jude felt much depressed; she seemed to get further and further away from him with her strange ways and curious unconsciousness of gender.
    Thomas Hardy  --  Jude the Obscure
  • "Gender transition," Grant said.
    Michael Crichton  --  Jurassic Park
  • It was against all scientific reason for two people who hardly knew each other, with no ties at all between them, with different characters, different upbringings, and even different genders, to suddenly find themselves committed to living together, to sleeping in the same bed, to sharing two destinies that perhaps were fated to go in opposite directions.
    Gabriel Garcia Marquez  --  Love in the Time of Cholera
  • In Heaven there is complete equality of the sexes because all physical gender differences cease to exist.
    Jostein Gaarder  --  Sophie’s World
  • Not to know or care about them was a betrayal of fundamental principles, a betrayal of gender, of species.
    Don DeLillo  --  White Noise
  • Gage being drafted to make breakfast today is an example of the basics in non-gender-specific teamwork… Non-gender-specific teamwork, he thought.
    Nora Roberts  --  Blood Brothers
  • He also stands against procreation regulation, gender adjustment, chemical balancing, and the gun ban.
    J.D. Robb  --  Naked in Death
  • If you term it as gender.
    J.D. Robb  --  Glory in Death
  • Writer’s a word without gender.
    Nora Roberts  --  Summer Pleasures
  • (He believes April’s "difficulty with the language" to be a reflection upon her intelligence, and probably her gender, if truth be known; John suffers behind a single-minded, simpleton view of a woman’s purpose on this earth-to provide men certain unspeakable pleasures and to bear children.
    Stephen King  --  Rose Red
  • And she would bear the brunt of that poison, not me—I was fully aware of the Afghan double standard that favored my gender.
    Khaled Hosseini  --  The Kite Runner
  • It’s so exclusive it has no gender.
    Don DeLillo  --  Underworld
  • No one knew Helba’s true sex, for Helba’s was the habit of alternating gender with each incarnation.
    Roger Zelazny  --  Lord of Light
  • "I’d rather not say," I replied, hoping it would give me an edge of some kind, and now that I knew Bleys’ gender: "If he had, I’d have answered him the same as I would Eric-’I’ll think about it.
    Roger Zelazny  --  Nine Princes in Amber
  • This is the gender that invented the polio vaccine?
    Neal Stephenson  --  Snow Crash
  • Their faces remind me of those visual puzzles that shift forms as you stare; sometimes Betty’s face looks undeniably female and ten seconds later the sense of gender is gone and I think of her (him?) as Beta again.
    Dan Simmons  --  Hyperion
  • From Jack the Ripper to Ted Bundy, the targets of serial killings are usually connected by similarities in age, gender, race, or a combination of the three.
    Stephenie Meyer  --  Eclipse
  • All genders are equal.
    James Patterson  --  Saving the World and Other Extreme Sports
  • The big gender difference with negative emotions is that women are more critical, and men are more likely to stonewall.
    Malcolm Gladwell  --  Blink
  • At the time, the story was not as touching to me as it is now, but I suppose this was a function of my age and gender.
    Nicholas Sparks  --  The Wedding
  • We ruled out blood type, gender, physical size, intelligence factors, genetic markers-nothing seemed to account for the negatives.
    Scott Westerfeld  --  Uglies
  • They have three different genders.
    Stephenie Meyer  --  The Host
  • Clary turned instant traitor against her gender.
    Cassandra Clare  --  City of Bones
  • To make up for your recent mistreatment at the hands of one of my gender.
    Meg Cabot  --  Queen of Babble
  • Simple ones-like age, gender, birth order, weight, religion, marital status, number of children-and more complex accounts, like political views and religious affiliations.
    Jodi Picoult  --  Nineteen Minutes
  • You can’t measure anything about them scientifically, although, of course, there are genetic differences between the genders.
    Nicholas Sparks  --  True Believer
  • Think, for example, of how you guys has now become a generic form of address: it is gender-, age-, and class-neutral, and decidedly informal.
    Robert MacNeil and William Crane  --  Do You Speak American?
  • This was before kids of all races and genders started appearing on milk cartons or in the daily mail.
    Alice Sebold  --  The Lovely Bones
  • Mackenzie, I am neither male nor female, even though both genders are derived from my nature.
    William P. Young  --  The Shack
  • She said to me, "Gender is not an issue in this house."
    Barbara Kingsolver  --  The Bean Trees
  • Professor Stanford thinks, and with excellent reason, that the difference in gender may be significant.
    Homer  --  The Odyssey
  • I found I was enjoying it all immensely, and once I even caught myself reading aloud from a Talmud—it was the grammatical discussion of the gender of "derech," road, in the tractate Kiddushin— before Reb Saunders realized what I was doing and told me to stop, I wasn’t allowed to use my eye yet, Danny would read the passage.
    Chaim Potok  --  The Chosen
  • He wrote his senior honors thesis on "gender inequality and depression," no doubt in part because the medical anthropologists he knew were all psychiatrists.
    Tracy Kidder  --  Mountains Beyond Mountains
  • "I have this strong feeling, though, that it’s not," she ventured, not sure if her hunch about the baby’s gender ’was just a desperate wish.
    Ron Suskind  --  A Hope in the Unseen
  • She wanted to be able to play pickup games of soccer with whoever was around, without regard to gender.
    Warren St. John  --  Outcasts United
  • Hannah, Nel, Eva, Sula were points of a cross—each one a choice for characters bound by gender and race.
    Toni Morrison  --  Sula
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