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pressure group
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pressure group

It’s a classic example of a small, but effective pressure group due to concentrated interests.
  a group of people who try actively to influence legislation
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pressure groups pressure group special interest groups special interest group
A "pressure group" is often called "a special interest group" or referred to as "special interests" or "concentrated interests."

Almost everyone has a special interest group they like. Retired people, veterans, members of the Sierra Club, school teachers, etc.

The political challenge with pressure groups is illustrated by this hypothetical example:  There are a 100 producers of a crop who form a pressure group. Their lobbyists works hard to convince politicians to give their industry $30 million because of bad weather. If they succeed, each farmer gets $300,000, but it only costs the rest of the country 10 cents each. The pressure group talks to politicians and makes contributions. The rest of the country doesn’t even notice when the farmers get their subsidy.

One of the great unsolved challenges of a modern economy, is how to keep pressure groups with concentrated benefits from having undue influence at the expense of those for whom the costs are widely distributed.

Note that "special interest group (SIG)" is also used to denote an Internet community that shares a special interest.
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  • It’s a classic example of a small, but effective pressure group due to concentrated interests.
  • ...while the first step to financial development is to contain the excessive power of the government over its citizens, the second step is to contain the power of small pressure groups over the government agenda.
    Raguram G. Rajan & Luigi Zingales  --  Saving Capitalism from the Capitalists
  • Besides, he’s got a pressure group: he’s cornered all the men of brains.
    Ayn Rand  --  Atlas Shrugged
  • I know, we came up here to get away from things—politics, the atom bomb, war, pressure groups, prejudice, laws—I know.
    Ray Bradbury  --  The Martian Chronicles

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  • Otherwise, we’ll never have the right answers when these pressure groups—those racists, su-perpatriots, whatever you want to call them—tag every move toward racial justice as communist-inspired, Zionist-inspired, Illuminati-inspired, Satan-inspired part of some secret conspiracy to overthrow the Christian civilization.
    John Howard Griffin  --  Black Like Me
  • We may tell ourselves that these pressure groups and letter writers represent only a small percentage of the voters—and this is true.
    John F. Kennedy  --  Profiles in Courage
  • You aren’t a political party or a special-interest group.
    Stieg Larsson  --  The Girl Who Played with Fire
  • Pressure groups.
    Ken Kesey  --  One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest
  • He cannot ignore the pressure groups, his constituents, his party, the comradeship of his colleagues, the needs of his family, his own pride in office, the necessity for compromise and the importance of remaining in office.
    John F. Kennedy  --  Profiles in Courage
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General -- Time® Magazine
General -- Twitter®
Associated words [difficulty]:   pressure group [8] , earmark [6] , geopolitics [8] , whistleblower [9]
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Most commonly used in these subjects:   Nature & Ecology, Public Policy & Politics, Business, Engineering
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