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separation of powers


In addition to the separation of powers within the government, political power within the U.S. is further distributed via individual rights, private enterprise, and non-governmental agencies.
  a system of government whereby power is divided in such a manner that no person or group gains too much power — typically with power divided between executive, legislative, and judicial branches
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Strongly Associated with:   checks and balances
Notes:
In addition to separation of powers, the U.S. has "division of powers" (federal, state, and local government).  The U.S. also has a constitutionally mandated limits to government power such as a free speech and press. Finally, the U.S. government controls a relatively small percentage of the economy — leaving much influence to individuals, businesses, and non-profit organizations.

The three-branch model of government the United States uses was first developed in ancient Greece and then in the Roman Republic. Enlightenment philosophers wrote about it extensively before it was put into practice in the United States.

Parliamentary democracies like England mix the executive and legislative branches in the sense that the chief executive and cabinet are drawn from the legislative branch.
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Samples:
  • In addition to the separation of powers within the government, political power within the U.S. is further distributed via individual rights, private enterprise, and non-governmental agencies.
  • Many think he claimed executive privilege to hide the truth — not because he "wants to preserve the Constitution’s separation of powers."
  • The American Congress, the country’s doctrine of separation of powers, as well as the independence of its judiciary, arouse in me similar sentiments.
    Nelson Mandela  --  Long Walk to Freedom
  • I walked her to the Supreme Court and lectured her about James Madison and the separation of powers.
    Russell Baker  --  Growing Up

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  • The American Congress, that country’s doctrine of separation of powers, as well as the independence of its judiciary, arouses in me similar sentiments.
    Nelson Mandela  --  I Am Prepared to Die
  • Firm in his belief in the separation of powers, he saw it as a question for the legislature in which he, as President, had no business and he would stay far from it.
    David McCullough  --  John Adams
  • Forsyth went on to explain the separation of powers within the government and how even an order from the President could not extricate a person or persons from the right to due process.
    Alexs Pate  --  Amistad
  • "Separation of Powers" Within Government
    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay  --  The Federalist Papers — Modern English Edition 2
  • Separation of Powers Maintains Liberty
    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay  --  The Federalist Papers — Modern English Edition 2
  • Separation of Powers: New Hampshire
    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay  --  The Federalist Papers — Modern English Edition 2

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  • At the time, few people were even aware of the separation of powers principle.
    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay  --  The Federalist Papers — Modern English Edition 2
  • Some of the State constitutions violate the separation of powers rule.
    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay  --  The Federalist Papers — Modern English Edition 2
  • Opponents of the proposed Constitution say that it violates the separation of powers rule.
    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay  --  The Federalist Papers — Modern English Edition 2
  • Without it, the separation of powers can never be effectively maintained.
    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay  --  The Federalist Papers — Modern English Edition 2
  • Number 51: Separation of Powers: Checks and Balances
    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay  --  The Federalist Papers — Modern English Edition 2
  • If we wanted total separation of powers, the people would elect every member of the executive, legislative, and judiciary branches.
    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay  --  The Federalist Papers — Modern English Edition 2
  • Constitution and Separation of Powers
    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay  --  The Federalist Papers — Modern English Edition 2
  • The first step towards the separation of powers is finding a way to appoint or elect people to each branch, without the appointee being overly dependent on people in another branch.
    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay  --  The Federalist Papers — Modern English Edition 2
  • "Separation of Powers" Within Government: Number 49 Legislature Most Influential Branch 8 Remember, we are looking for a way to keep the branches of government constitutionally equal.
    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay  --  The Federalist Papers — Modern English Edition 2
  • Yet even in nature, some stronger individuals form a "government" that may "Separation of Powers" Within Government: Number 51 protect the weak as well as themselves just because they are unsure of what may happen.
    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay  --  The Federalist Papers — Modern English Edition 2
  • 2 The first objection: It violates the separation of powers maxim because the Senate will have both legislative and judicial authority.
    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay  --  The Federalist Papers — Modern English Edition 2
  • Our discussion of the separation of powers showed that the powers can be partially mixed for special purposes.
    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay  --  The Federalist Papers — Modern English Edition 2
  • 3 The same men that admire New York’s constitution oppose this part of the proposed Constitution, using the separation of powers argument.
    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay  --  The Federalist Papers — Modern English Edition 2
  • If the proposed Constitution violates the separation of powers rule, how much worse is the constitution of New York?
    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay  --  The Federalist Papers — Modern English Edition 2
  • 2 Other Papers explained the separation of powers rule.
    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay  --  The Federalist Papers — Modern English Edition 2
  • These Papers explain the separation of powers maxim It is not violated by giving the ultimate power of judging to part of the legislature.
    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay  --  The Federalist Papers — Modern English Edition 2
  • If the authors of the objection insist that the Supreme Court must be part of the legislature, they must renounce the meaning of the separation of powers maxim.
    Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, & John Jay  --  The Federalist Papers — Modern English Edition 2
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Associated words [difficulty]:   separation of powers [6] , checks and balances [6] , checks and balances [6] , bicameral [7]
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Most commonly used in these subjects:   Public Policy & Politics, Logic & Reasoning, Law
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