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pap smear
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pap smear

Doctors generally recommend an annual pap smear for women who have been sexually active or who have reached age 21.
  a sample of secretions and superficial cells of the uterine, cervix, and uterus; examined for cancer or pre-cancerous conditions
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pap smear pap test
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  • Doctors generally recommend an annual pap smear for women who have been sexually active or who have reached age 21.
  • But with the Pap smear, doctors could detect precancerous cells and perform a hysterectomy, and cervical cancer would be almost entirely preventable.
    Rebecca Skloot  --  The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
  • Diagnosing carcinoma in situ had only been possible since 1941, when George Papanicolaou, a Greek researcher, published a paper describing a test he’d developed, now called the Pap smear.
    Rebecca Skloot  --  The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
  • The Pap smear had the potential to decrease that death rate by 70 percent or more, but there were two things standing in its way: first, many women—like Henrietta—simply didn’t get the test; and, second, even when they did, few doctors knew how to interpret the results accurately, because they didn’t know what the various stages of cervical cancer looked like under a microscope.
    Rebecca Skloot  --  The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks

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  • Chapter 3: Diagnosis and Treatment For information on the development of the Pap smear, see G. N. Papanicolaou and H. F. Traut, "Diagnostic Value of Vaginal Smears in Carcinoma of Uterus," American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 42 (1941), and "Diagnosis of Uterine Cancer by the Vaginal Smear," by George Papanicolaou and H. Traut (1943).
    Rebecca Skloot  --  The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
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Associated words [difficulty]:   pap smear [8] , biopsy [5] , ultrasound [5] , magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) [7] , electrocardiogram (ECG/EKG) [9] , biopsy [5] , triglycerides [8] , amniocentesis [9] , creatinine [9] , electrocardiogram (ECG/EKG) [9] , spinal tap [9] , uric acid [9]
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