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monetary policy
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monetary policy

Congress has little influence over monetary policy.
  decisions by a country’s central bank influencing the nation’s money supply — and thus influencing interest rates, inflation, exchange rates and even the level of unemployment
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monetary policy monetary policies
Strongly Associated with:   fiscal policy
Many economists suggest increasing the money supply when inflation is low as a way to encourage more borrowing to grow the economy. Others suggest that central banks should just try to maintain a steady money supply for theoretical or practical reasons.

Changes in the money supply are typically achieved through "open market operations" rather than by just printing money, but other techniques are available. At a big picture level, monetary policy is usually spoken of at the same time as fiscal policy; though there are other important steps government can take to influence an economy such as regulations and laws that impact financial activities.
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  • Congress has little influence over monetary policy.
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Associated words [difficulty]:   monetary policy
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Most commonly used in these subjects:   Business, Public Policy & Politics, Personal Finance
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