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Industrial Revolution
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Industrial Revolution


Since the Industrial Revolution, many have taken increasing standards of living for granted. But prior to the revolution, generations of farmers continued to farm, live in impoverishment, and die early in a manner similar to that of their distant ancestors.
  the historical transformation in Europe, in the late 18th and early 19th century in which people went from making goods in their own homes with simple tools to making them in large-scale factories with complicated machinery
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Notes:
The Industrial Revolution began in Britain and spread throughout the world, a process that continues as industrialization. The onset of the Industrial Revolution marked a major turning point in human social history, comparable to the invention of farming or the rise of the first city-states; almost every aspect of daily life and human society is, eventually, in some way influenced.

In the latter half of the 1700s the manual labor based economy of the Kingdom of Great Britain began to be replaced by one dominated by industry and the manufacture of machinery. It started with the mechanization of the textile industries, the development of iron-making techniques and the increased use of refined coal. Once started it spread. Trade expansion was enabled by the introduction of canals, improved roads and railways. The introduction of steam power (fuelled primarily by coal) and powered machinery (mainly in textile manufacturing) underpinned the dramatic increases in production capacity. The development of all-metal machine tools in the first two decades of the 19th century facilitated the manufacture of more production machines for manufacturing in other industries. The effects spread throughout Western Europe and North America during the 19th century, eventually affecting most of the world. The impact of this change on society was enormous.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Industrial_Revolution#Social_effects  (retrieved 6/08)
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Samples:
  • Since the Industrial Revolution, many have taken increasing standards of living for granted. But prior to the revolution, generations of farmers continued to farm, live in impoverishment, and die early in a manner similar to that of their distant ancestors.
  • America’s a brave new Atomic world and the South’s just beginning its Industrial Revolution.
    Harper Lee  --  Go Set a Watchman
  • Then he stopped and was crouching down near the bottom of a waterfall, a manmade waterfall coming down the side of the Industrial Revolution.
    Dave Eggers  --  The Circle
  • It appeared that the movie had had something to do with the Industrial Revolution.
    Piper Kerman  --  Orange Is the New Black

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  • Every year they say we’re going to get right up to the present, but we always get stuck in the Industrial Revolution.
    Laurie Halse Anderson  --  Speak
  • The Industrial Revolution did not just introduce the concepts of the steam engine and the rotation of nitrogen-fixing and cereal crops.
    Meg Cabot  --  Queen of Babble
  • We’re going to have security-for the first time in centuries-for the first time since the beginning of the industrial revolution!
    Ayn Rand  --  Atlas Shrugged
  • Meantime, starting in this decade yet especially developing from 1885 to 1895, began the industrial revolution of the South.
    W. E. B. Du Bois  --  The Souls of Black Folk
  • The industrial revolution was just starting up, and this new world would threaten everything people had known during the Enlightenment; at the same time, the new science and the new faith in science—including anatomical research, of course—imperiled many religious and philosophical tenets of English society in the first decades of the nineteenth century.
    Thomas C. Foster  --  How to Read Literature Like a Professor
  • We must not permit them to be accelerated into an industrial revolution and so destroy the first stable society on this planet.
    Roger Zelazny  --  Lord of Light

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  • Kitsch is a product of the industrial revolution which urbanized the masses of Western Europe and America and established what is called universal literacy.
    Clement Greenberg  --  Avant-garde and Kitsch
  • David Landes, the eminent Harvard historian, in his magisterial book, The Wealth and Poverty of Nations, explores why it was Europe that nurtured an industrial revolution, and not Asia or the Middle East.
    Nicholas D. Kristof  --  Half the Sky
  • There was some wine in the waterfall—by the Industrial Revolution.
    Dave Eggers  --  The Circle
  • We won’t even make it to the Industrial Revolution at this rate.
    Laurie Halse Anderson  --  Speak
  • "Well, this, I guess," said Fred Kinnan, "is the anti-industrial revolution."
    Ayn Rand  --  Atlas Shrugged
  • After extracting a few context— free specifics about the movie from her, I set to work writing an incredibly generic three-page paper about the Industrial Revolution.
    Piper Kerman  --  Orange Is the New Black
  • (He skipped the Industrial Revolution so he could drag our class past the year 1900.) He does not want all of us in summer school.
    Laurie Halse Anderson  --  Speak
  • Mae was watching the Annie-like figure walk toward the Industrial Revolution.
    Dave Eggers  --  The Circle
  • In contrast, it would be difficult to imagine—at least for the moment—millions of rural Pakistani or Egyptian teenage girls being fully educated and then allowed to move to the cities while still single to take up jobs and power an industrial revolution.
    Nicholas D. Kristof  --  Half the Sky
  • "I just heard myself say, ’There was some wine in the waterfall by the Industrial Revolution.’
    Dave Eggers  --  The Circle
  • She, born of the industrial revolution, had not held as conceivable, had forgotten along with the tales of astrology and alchemy, what these men knew in their secret, furtive souls, knew not by means of thought, but by means of that nameless muck which they called their instincts and emotions: that so long as men struggle to stay alive, they’ll never produce so little but that the man with the club won’t be able to seize it and leave them still less, provided millions of them are…
    Ayn Rand  --  Atlas Shrugged
  • …torture, to enslave, to expropriate, to murder, but that they must resist the temptations of logic and stick to the discipline of remaining irrationalthat skyscrapers, factories, radios, airplanes were the products of faith and mystic intuition, while famines, concentration camps and firing squads are the products of a reasonable manner of existence-that the industrial revolution was the revolt of the men of faith against that era of reason and logic which is known as the Middle Ages.
    Ayn Rand  --  Atlas Shrugged
  • Although the industrial Revolution did much to improve standards of living for the young and for future generations; the rapid change often displaced individuals.
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Associated words [difficulty]:   Industrial Revolution [7] , Enlightenment [2] , Renaissance [4] , Reformation [6] , Age of Reason [7]
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