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pedal point
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pedal point


The third movement of Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto No. 4 in G uses pedal point to good effect.
  music:  any sustained or repeated note, usually in the bass, with changing harmonies in the other voices
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pedal point pedal points
Notes:
The term comes from the organ for its ability to sustain a note indefinitely and the tendency for such notes to be played on an organ’s pedal keyboard. The pedal keyboard on an organ is played by the feet; as such, the organist can hold down a pedal point for lengthy periods while both hands perform higher-register music on the manual keyboards.
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A double pedal is two pedal tones played simultaneously. An inverted pedal is a pedal that is not in the bass (and often is the highest part.) Mozart included numerous inverted pedals in his works, particularly in the solo parts of his concertos. An internal pedal is a pedal that is similar to the inverted pedal, except that it is played in the middle register between the bass and the upper voices.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pedal_point (retrieved 8/14/08)
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Associated words [difficulty]:   pedal point
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