Often called "strict interpretation." Justice Antonin Scalia expressed a desire for strict interpretation when he dissented from a 1996 U.S. Supreme Court decision in part with these words:
"What secret knowledge, one must wonder, is breathed into lawyers whey they become Justices of the Court, that enables them to discern that a practice which the text of the Constitution does not clearly proscribe, and which our people have regarded as constitutional fro 200 years, is in fact unconstitutional? ... Day by day, case by case, [the Court] is busy designing a Constitution for a country I do not recognize."
Strict constructionists think elected officials should change laws or the Constitution as needed and judges should limit themselves to enforcing the laws. Also see "liberal constructionism" for a contrary viewpoint.