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enzyme


Alcohol takes longer to pass through a food-filled stomach, allowing the protective enzyme (alcohol dehydrogenase) to break down the alcohol.
  any complex protein that is produced by cells and acts as a chemical catalyst (causing a chemical reaction)
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enzyme enzymes enzymatic enzymatically enzymic
Notes:
In chemistry, a catalyst is a substance that initiates or accelerates a chemical reaction without itself being affected.
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Samples:
  • Alcohol takes longer to pass through a food-filled stomach, allowing the protective enzyme (alcohol dehydrogenase) to break down the alcohol.
  • The enzyme helps break down protein stains.
  • The antibiotic targets an enzymes the microbe depend on to reproduce.
  • That’s when Japanese chemists discovered an enzyme that could transform glucose into the much sweeter sugar molecule called fructose.
    Michael Pollan  --  The Omnivore’s Dilemma

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  • Each enzyme was like a single worker in a kitchen, doing just one thing.
    Michael Crichton  --  The Andromeda Strain
  • His blood work showed high cholesterol, sucky liver enzymes, and a lot of white blood cells, which meant he had an infection somewhere, plus his blood pressure was through the roof.
    Laurie Halse Anderson  --  The Impossible Knife of Memory
  • His ability, for example, to switch from enzymes to Quality Lit.
    William Styron  --  Sophie’s Choice
  • I will have a positive attitude, take care of myself, I’ll feed myself enzymes, and friendly bacteria.
    Margaret Atwood  --  Cat’s Eye
  • Just one enzyme misfiring, just one wrong protein activation, and you could have cancer.
    Rebecca Skloot  --  The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
  • The toxin does the deed insidiously, indirectly, by inhibiting an enzyme essential to glycoprotein metabolism.
    Jon Krakauer  --  Into the Wild

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  • It’ll cut the DNA, using what are called restriction enzymes.
    Michael Crichton  --  Jurassic Park
  • There are ways to tell with absolute certainty whether someone is having a heart attack, but those involve tests of particular enzymes that can take hours for results.
    Malcolm Gladwell  --  Blink
  • Reports on enzyme exchange communication between termites.
    Jack Gantos  --  Hole in My Life
  • Perhaps an enzyme imbalance.
    James Patterson  --  Saving the World and Other Extreme Sports
  • There is a purity within her, a careful enzymatic balance she does not wish to disturb.
    Christina Garcia  --  Dreaming in Cuban
  • Disturbs the gastric enzymes and leads to ulcers, the occupational disease of the underground.
    Robert A. Heinlein  --  The Moon is a Harsh Mistress
  • Complex flavors are being made through fermentation, enzyme reactions, fungal cultures, and tissue cultures.
    Eric Schlosser  --  Fast Food Nation
  • It’s a controlled belch, with a hypergolic effect from an enzyme secreted between the first and second rows of teeth.
    Robert A. Heinlein  --  Glory Road
  • It was routine to check liver enzymes two weeks after starting treatment so the drug could be discontinued if there was any sign of liver damage.
    Abraham Verghese  --  Cutting for Stone
  • Back in 1881 he was confirming Pasteur’s results in chicken cholera immunity and, for relief and pastime, trying to separate an enzyme from yeast.
    Sinclair Lewis  --  Arrowsmith
  • The cells have the will to persist in their essence " There ensued certain descriptions which I don’t command the physical chemistry to repeat, the kinesis of enzymes and so forth.
    Saul Bellow  --  The Adventures of Augie March
  • "Fascinating," said the woman, "to think that it possesses some process or enzyme that can convert common metals into something extraordinary.
    Henry H. Neff  --  The Second Siege
  • If it was an enzymatic block of some kind—like arsenic or strychnine—we’d expect fifteen or thirty seconds, perhaps longer.
    Michael Crichton  --  The Andromeda Strain
  • The computer will select a variety of enzymes that might do the job.
    Michael Crichton  --  Jurassic Park
  • This amount of DNA probably contains instructions to make a single protein-say, a hormone or an enzyme.
    Michael Crichton  --  Jurassic Park
  • As you can see in line 1201, two enzymes will cut on either side of the damaged point.
    Michael Crichton  --  Jurassic Park
  • I inserted a gene that makes a single faulty enzyme in protein metabolism.
    Michael Crichton  --  Jurassic Park
  • It’s crammed full of molecules and vessels endlessly shuttling enzymes and sugars from one part of the cell to another, pumping water, nutrients, and oxygen in and out of the cell.
    Rebecca Skloot  --  The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
  • The dark bars you see arc restriction fragments-small sections of dinosaur DNA, broken by enzymes and then analyzed.
    Michael Crichton  --  Jurassic Park
  • Because this enzyme was a marker for genetic engineering, and not found in wild animals, technicians assumed it was a lab contaminant and did not report it when they called Dr, Cruz, the referring physician in Puntarenas.
    Michael Crichton  --  Jurassic Park
  • We busted that serum enzyme problem wide open!’
    William Styron  --  Sophie’s Choice
  • His own research with staphylococcus, for example, had shown that this organism produced two enzymes that altered blood.
    Michael Crichton  --  The Andromeda Strain
  • And it could do it many different ways: strep produced an enzyme, streptokinase, that dissolved coagulated plasma.
    Michael Crichton  --  The Andromeda Strain
  • The new enzyme-based processes are responsible for extremely lifelike dairy flavors.
    Eric Schlosser  --  Fast Food Nation
  • A single microscopic bacterium, too small to see with the naked eye, but containing the genes for a heart-attack enzyme, streptokinase, or for "ice-minus," which prevented frost damage to crops, might be worth five billion dollars to the right buyer.
    Michael Crichton  --  Jurassic Park
  • And vaguely he remembered the rest, the details: all the intermediate steps, the necessary enzymes, the metals, ions, local factors.
    Michael Crichton  --  The Andromeda Strain
  • Chang had used those cells to discover enzymes and genes specific to liver cells.
    Rebecca Skloot  --  The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
  • If a chromosome disappeared and production of a certain enzyme stopped, researchers knew the gene for that enzyme must be on the most recently vanished chromosome.
    Rebecca Skloot  --  The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
  • The problem I was telling you about having to do with serum enzymes?
    William Styron  --  Sophie’s Choice
  • If a chromosome disappeared and production of a certain enzyme stopped, researchers knew the gene for that enzyme must be on the most recently vanished chromosome.
    Rebecca Skloot  --  The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
  • By the early nineties, a scientist at Yale had used HeLa to discover that human cancer cells contain an enzyme called telomerase that rebuilds their telomeres.
    Rebecca Skloot  --  The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks
  • After that, Hammond had agreed to study dilophosaur venom, which was found to contain seven different toxic enzymes.
    Michael Crichton  --  Jurassic Park
  • He had attempted to describe his experiment to me in detail—it had to do with amniotic fluid and the fetus of a rabbit, including weird stuff about enzymes and ion transference—but he had given up on me with an understanding laugh when, having taken me beyond my depth, he saw my look of pain and boredom.
    William Styron  --  Sophie’s Choice
  • ENZYMES
    Michael Crichton  --  The Andromeda Strain
  • Whatever problems might arise in the DNA were essentially point-problems in the code, causing a specific problem in the phenotype: an enzyme that didn’t switch on, or a protein that didn’t fold.
    Michael Crichton  --  Jurassic Park
  • They recycle organic matter with powerful enzymes that can break down organic molecules into simple molecules and minerals.
    Michael Pollan  --  The Omnivore’s Dilemma
  • Bug that lives on bugs! Or maybe it’s a chemical principle, an enzyme.
    Sinclair Lewis  --  Arrowsmith
  • He remembered that it operated like a kind of waterfall: one enzyme was set off, and activated, which acted on a second enzyme, which acted on a third; the third on a fourth; and so on, down through twelve or thirteen steps, until finally blood clotted.
    Michael Crichton  --  The Andromeda Strain
  • But what about Bordet’s contention that it’s an enzyme?
    Sinclair Lewis  --  Arrowsmith
  • He remembered that it operated like a kind of waterfall: one enzyme was set off, and activated, which acted on a second enzyme, which acted on a third; the third on a fourth; and so on, down through twelve or thirteen steps, until finally blood clotted.
    Michael Crichton  --  The Andromeda Strain
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Associated words [difficulty]:   enzyme [4]
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