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as in:  presumption of innocence

I presumed she was an expert since she spoke so confidently.
  something thought of as true without proof
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presumably presume presumed presumption presumes presuming presumptions
Something can be presumed because it seems reasonable or because there is a rule or law demanding such an assumption. For example, in the United States someone charged with a crime is presumed by law to be innocent unless they are proven guilty at a trial.

Standard suffix:  The suffix, "tion" converts the verb to a noun. (When the verb ends in "me," the suffix often becomes "-mption" as with presume/presumption, redeem/redemption, and resume/resumption.)
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Wikipedia -- Presumption of Innocence
  • I presumed she was an expert since she spoke so confidently.
  • The presumption of innocence does no prevent holding a defendant thought to be a danger to society.
  • The police’s presumption of guilt against the suspect caused them to overlook important evidence.
  • Archibald Nichols, I presume?
    Mark Twain  --  The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn

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  • At the edge of the pond there was a gumball machine full of peanuts, for feeding to the ducks, I presumed.
    Barbara Kingsolver  --  The Bean Trees
  • I think Mother has presumed him dead for a long time already.
    Barbara Kingsolver  --  The Poisonwood Bible
  • ...presuming that all our conjectures are correct —
    Arthur Conan Doyle  --  The Hound of the Baskervilles
  • In the first place, we may start with a strong presumption that Colonel Openshaw had some very strong reason for leaving America.
    Arthur Conan Doyle  --  The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes
  • I will, after all, take my leave of these people in the morning and presumably never encounter them again.
    Kazuo Ishiguro  --  The Remains of the Day
  • D—, I presume, is not altogether a fool, and, if not, must have anticipated...
    Edgar Allan Poe  --  The Purloined Letter

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  • She was hearing reports of unchecked violence, widespread chaos, thousands presumed dead.
    Dave Eggers  --  Zeitoun
  • What could Clarissa have thought of him? thought him a fool presumably...
    Virginia Woolf  --  Mrs. Dalloway
  • ...she was presumably engaged to a man from New Orleans.
    F. Scott Fitzgerald  --  The Great Gatsby
  • Nor did one know what became of them, apart from the few who were hanged as war-criminals: the others simply vanished, presumably into forced-labour camps.
    George Orwell  --  1984
  • Presumably — since he had sometimes seen her with oily hands and carrying a spanner she had some mechanical job on one of the novel-writing machines.
    George Orwell  --  1984
  • The bird is labeled American Bald Eagle, and it looks like it’s about to fall directly on top of a couple sitting on a bench—Cupid’s original target, presumably.
    Lauren Oliver  --  Before I Fall
  • It was a smaller version of the boys’ dorm, just four bunk beds, two dressers and a closed door, presumably leading to another bathroom.
    James Dashner  --  The Scorch Trials
  • But it’s Hannah, which is a real woman, presumably like me.
    Gillian Flynn  --  Gone Girl
  • He conversed back and forth for a moment with Henri in Finnish, presumably catching him up on what just happened.
    Kiera Cass  --  The Heir
  • Presumably that’s what Sebastian’s here for—the weapons.
    Cassandra Clare  --  City of Heavenly Fire
  • Mark didift have to look to know that the landing pad—presumably with a Berg perched on top—had begun to sink into the ground.
    James Dashner  --  The Kill Order
  • Presumably, those seventeen people were kidding. lie mulled this over—and considered how twenty-five of his classmates, some of whom he’d been attending school with for twelve years, could possibly have wanted to "know him better."
    John Green  --  An Abundance of Katherines
  • (Presumably, lots and lots of marijuana.
    Rainbow Rowell  --  Eleanor & Park
  • But Georgia was holding it over the water, presumably for the benefit of Mae and her viewers.
    Dave Eggers  --  The Circle
  • Hundreds of men had gone missing during the military campaign, presumably picked up by the army or ISI, but no one would say.
    Malala Yousafzai  --  I Am Malala
  • Horace and Hugh did the same, and then the others—all but Millard, who had slipped away, unseen, presumably to lurk nearby, waiting and watching.
    Ransom Riggs  --  Hollow City
  • Presumptions of guilt, poverty, racial bias, and a host of other social, structural, and political dynamics have created a system that is defined by error, a system in which thousands of innocent people now suffer in prison.
    Bryan Stevenson  --  Just Mercy
  • An adult of the arctic race could eat ( and presumably did on favorable occasions) thirty pounds of raw meat at a sitting.
    Farley Mowat  --  Never Cry Wolf
  • I heard her muse, presumably to Arwyl.
    Patrick Rothfuss  --  The Name of the Wind
  • I felt badly for them, of course, knowing that they must be losing a decent amount of money, and that they were presumably stemming their losses with this very quick closing.
    Chang-rae Lee  --  A Gesture Life
  • While his sister-in-law and a friend of the family, Mr. Wood, continued to pack, Frear got the children into a wagon and took them to another friend’s house ten blocks away (and presumably well out of the path of the fire).
    Jim Murphy  --  The Great Fire
  • Since Red was the one telling this story, there was no knowing what Merrick’s friends did, but presumably they ate in some joint and then caught a movie, maybe, or went dancing.
    Anne Tayler  --  A Spool of Blue Thread
  • Presumably.
    David Baldacci  --  Zero Day
  • It is presumably hollow but with no discernible hinges, no nails, no attachment points; it looks like a solid block of highly polished wood.
    Anthony Doerr  --  All the Light We Cannot See
  • I’m flat on the couch, presumably where he laid me after carrying me inside.
    Colleen Hoover  --  Hopeless
  • He is staring at something I cannot see—some door, presumably, farther down the hall.
    Lauren Oliver  --  Delirium
  • Nor could I see the necessity for the complete undressing: when we finally reached the examining room a doctor looked down each throat, another—a dentist presumably—at our teeth, a third in between each finger.
    Corrie Ten Boom  --  The Hiding Place
  • When my great-grandfather died in a hunting accident around the end of the century, his will made no mention of the coins—presumably for the very good reason that he had passed the money along to his daughter.
    William Styron  --  Sophie’s Choice
  • I padded to the bathroom in my nightshirt—mentally blocking the question of how I’d changed into it, since I’d presumably been wearing clothes when Patch brought me home—and sped through my morning routine.
    Becca Fitzpatrick  --  Hush, Hush
  • "Presumably not gents’ knee-length step-ins," I said dryly.
    Diana Gabaldon  --  Outlander
  • Abdullah, presumably, wanted the best, and Reliant considered themselves the best, certainly the biggest, twice as big as their closest U.S. competitor.
    Dave Eggers  --  A Hologram for the King
  • Then, surprising Thomas even more, Alby turned and ran off, presumably to get Minho some water.
    James Dashner  --  The Maze Runner
  • And yet how many presumptions there were against him!
    Jules Verne  --  Around the World in 80 Days
  • Another voice broke in, presumably Halfrunt.
    Douglas Adams  --  The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy
  • C.D., Morro Bay, Astoria, and at the buckle end, finally, the letterN (presumably representing north).
    Jon Krakauer  --  Into the Wild
  • To indicate, presumably, that the interview was over, the magistrate stood up.
    Albert Camus  --  The Stranger
  • _ No, indeed, my lips are all presumptions upon his goodness.
    Daniel Defoe  --  Robinson Crusoe
  • At a gas station, a mechanic was looking under the hood of a new automobile while a man, presumably its owner, stood beside him.
    Nicholas Sparks  --  The Notebook
  • Maryam and an older woman wearing a brown hijab—presumably her mother—were speaking in low voices and pouring tea from a kettle into a pot.
    Khaled Hosseini  --  The Kite Runner
  • And then Chief Schulz, presumably terrified we’d all go soft on him after an entire two minutes of talk, commanded, "Drop and push ’cause out."
    Marcus Luttrell  --  Lone Survivor
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Associated words [difficulty]:   presumption [1]
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Most commonly used in these subjects:   Law, Logic & Reasoning, Public Policy & Politics, Science
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