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He majored in geology and went on to become expert at finding oil.
  a science that deals with the history of the earth as recorded in rocks

or more rarely:

the rocks, minerals, and rock formations of an area
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geological geology geologic geologist geologically geologies
Standard suffix:  "ology" often means "study of" when used at the end of a word.
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  • He majored in geology and went on to become expert at finding oil.
  • Geology has favored the island with rich soil, but also threatens it with volcanic eruptions.
  • Natural selection can act only by the preservation and accumulation of infinitesimally small inherited modifications, each profitable to the preserved being; and as modern geology has almost banished such views as the excavation of a great valley by a single diluvial wave, so will natural selection, if it be a true principle, banish the belief of the continued creation of new organic beings, or of any great and sudden modification in their structure.
    Charles Darwin  --  The Origin of Species
  • Mac also developed a geological mania, and went tapping about at rocks and stones, discoursing wisely of "strata, periods, and fossil remains"; while Rose picked up leaves and lichens, and gave him lessons in botany in return for his lectures on geology.
    Louisa May Alcott  --  Eight Cousins

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  • In geology class, the teacher, Mr. Dodge, was talking about the petrified wood forests near George, Washington, on the Columbia River, and how it was pretty amazing that wood could turn into rock.
    Sherman Alexie  --  The Absolutlely True Diary of a Part-Time Indian
  • Swat lies on a geological fault line and we often had earthquakes, but this felt different.
    Malala Yousafzai  --  I Am Malala
  • He was knowledgeable in all the sciences: botany, astronomy, psychology, anatomy, alchemy, geology, chemistry….
    Patrick Rothfuss  --  The Name of the Wind
  • And the Geological Cataclysm.
    Fyodor Dostoyevsky  --  The Brothers Karamazov
  • "Kate’s right," said Sticky, looking up from a geology book.
    Trenton Lee Stewart  --  The Mysterious Benedict Society
  • Dad tried to find the geological surveys for the Lake Windsor campus, but he couldn’t.
    Edward Bloor  --  Tangerine

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  • My cousin works at Trent as a geological engineer.
    David Baldacci  --  Zero Day
  • One south with a young geologist.
    Anthony Doerr  --  All the Light We Cannot See
  • It was a risk, but I thought it was only a geological risk.
    V.S. Naipaul  --  A Bend in the River
  • ’Eons’ sounds too geological.
    Kate DiCamillo  --  Flora & Ulysses
  • Two geological ages later, we heard the soles of Atticus’s shoes scrape the front steps.
    Harper Lee  --  To Kill a Mockingbird
  • The desert sharpened the sweet ache of his longing, amplified it, gave shape to it in sere geology and clean slant of light.
    Jon Krakauer  --  Into the Wild
  • But this was concrete evidence; it was a fragment of the abolished past, like a fossil bone which turns up in the wrong stratum and destroys a geological theory.
    George Orwell  --  1984
  • His earliest memory was of a geologist.
    Joseph Heller  --  Catch-22
  • Grant knew that people could not imagine geological time.
    Michael Crichton  --  Jurassic Park
  • He wondered how the tides and waves had come into play on that afternoon along the Jersey shoreline when Martha saw the pebble and bent down to rescue it from geology.
    Tim O’Brien  --  The Things They Carried
  • With trees growing out of pure vegetation? I felt satisfaction because such a geology confirmed that I was right, that this island was a chimera, a play of the mind.
    Yann Martel  --  Life of Pi
  • And yet the former history continues to be studied side by side with the laws of statistics, geography, political economy, comparative philology, and geology, which directly contradict its assumptions.
    Leo Tolstoy  --  War and Peace
  • The books were of the most varied kind, history, geography, politics, political economy, botany, geology, law, all relating to England and English life and customs and manners.
    Bram Stoker  --  Dracula
  • Central Africa is a rowdy society of flora and fauna that have managed to balance together on a trembling geologic plate for ten million years: when you clear off part of the plate, the whole slides into ruin.
    Barbara Kingsolver  --  The Poisonwood Bible
  • To me, at least in my present circumstances, these would be vastly more interesting than this spectacle of oldtime geology in decay.
    H.G. Wells  --  The Time Machine
  • Soon his steady, ivory stride was heard, as to and fro he paced his old rounds, upon planks so familiar to his tread, that they were all over dented, like geological stones, with the peculiar mark of his walk.
    Herman Melville  --  Moby Dick
  • It is mostly dry land biology and botany …. some geological work—core drilling and testing.
    Frank Herbert  --  Dune
  • Botany variable, geology profound as regards the mud-stains from any region within fifty miles of town, chemistry eccentric, anatomy unsystematic, sensational literature and crime records unique, violin-player, boxer, swordsman, lawyer, and self-poisoner by cocaine and tobacco.
    Arthur Conan Doyle  --  The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes
  • You know German, and geology, and things of that kind influence a man very much.
    Oscar Wilde  --  The Importance of Being Earnest
  • But the release of magical energies in the Shadowrealms will certainly have an effect on the climate and local geology: there may be earthquakes, a tornado or two, hurricanes and rain, lots of rain.
    Micheal Scott  --  The Alchemyst
  • Spender watched as the small port opened and Hathaway, the physician-geologist—they were all men of twofold ability, to conserve space on the trip—stepped out.
    Ray Bradbury  --  The Martian Chronicles
  • In the Beta-Minus geography room John learnt that "a savage reservation is a place which, owing to unfavourable climatic or geological conditions, or poverty of natural resources, has not been worth the expense of civilizing."
    Aldous Huxley  --  Brave New World
  • Among mountaineers and other connoisseurs of geologic form, Everest is not regarded as a particularly comely peak.
    Jon Krakauer  --  Into Thin Air
  • The eighteen folios—now known as Leonardo’s Codex Leicester after their famous owner, the Earl of Leicester—were all that remained of one of Leonardo’s most fascinating notebooks: essays and drawings outlining Da Vinci’s progressive theories on astronomy, geology, archaeology, and hydrology.
    Dan Brown  --  The Da Vinci Code
  • Upon further analysis, another geologist concluded that it might be possible to "age" the surface of a dolomite marble statue in a couple of months using potato mold.
    Malcolm Gladwell  --  Blink
  • But that neat idea hit the boy in a blank place, for geology hadn’t been invented yet.
    Mark Twain  --  A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur’s Court
  • The guest waiting here looked nothing like the usual bookish, flannel-clad doctors who entered this building—those of anthropology, oceanography, geology, and other scientific fields.
    Dan Brown  --  The Lost Symbol
  • For the first time, perhaps, since that land emerged from the waters of geologic ages, a human face was set toward it with love and yearning.
    Willa Cather  --  O Pioneers!
  • ’Excuse me; but as a geologist, you would sooner have recourse to a book, to a special work on the subject, and not to a drawing.’
    Ivan Turgenev  --  Fathers and Sons
  • He left Caen, where he was living, to go on a geologic excursion.
    Robert M. Pirsig  --  Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance
  • His point was that even quite small changes could cause huge geological upheavals, considering the aeons of time that have elapsed.
    Jostein Gaarder  --  Sophie’s World
  • But science, in particular, represented the major investment of this library: books on mechanics, ballistics, hydrography, meteorology, geography, geology, etc., held a place there no less important than works on natural history, and I realized that they made up the captain’s chief reading.
    Jules Verne  --  Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea
  • Is it biology or geology?
    Don DeLillo  --  White Noise
  • A geological fault runs across Anatolia and through Armenia, and volcanoes may still have been active as late as the third millennium B.C, a fact which adds interest to the accurate description of a volcano in eruption which is contained in one of the dreams which comes to Gilgamesh on the Cedar Mountain.
    Unknown  --  The Epic of Gilgamesh
  • Not that I’m a geology expert or anything, but that stone looked just like every other stone in the batch.
    D.J. Machale  --  The Merchant of Death
  • They bounced along a branch of the Indus for hours until it turned south toward India, then climbed up the Hushe Valley, alongside the Shyok River, with its chill blue glacial melt thundering over boulders recently departed, in geological time, from eroding cliffs on both sides of the slender valley.
    Greg Mortenson & David Oliver Relin  --  Three Cups of Tea
  • It is necessary rather to know the composition of the substances in question—the geological strata, the atmospheric actions, the quality of the soil, the minerals, the waters, the density of the different bodies, their capillarity, and what not.
    Gustave Flaubert  --  Madame Bovary
  • I asked him if he thought it possible for a valley to exist of the kind Conway described, and he said he wouldn’t call it impossible, but he thought it not very likely—on geological grounds, at any rate.
    James Hilton  --  Lost Horizon
  • There is nothing more difficult to pierce and to penetrate than the geological formation upon which is superposed the marvellous historical formation called Paris; as soon as work in any form whatsoever is begun and adventures upon this stretch of alluvium, subterranean resistances abound.
    Victor Hugo  --  Les Miserables
  • Kai Jing, who was a geologist, was actually a very good calligrapher, especially for someone whose right side had been weakened by polio when he was a child.
    Amy Tan  --  The Bonesetter’s Daughter
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Associated words [difficulty]:   geology [2] , paleontology [5] , seismology [8] , petrology [9] , eon [4] , continental divide [7]
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