the act of taking revenge
(Revenge means to harm someone to get them back for something harmful that they have done.)
Each was a cause alone; and all combin’d To kindle vengeance in her haughty mind.
I threaten’d, if indulgent Heav’n once more Would land me safely on my native shore, His death with double vengeance to restore.
For Ilium burnt, she dreads the Trojan sword; More dreads the vengeance of her injur’d lord; Ev’n by those gods who refug’d her abhorr’d.
I bid my friends for vengeance then prepare, And with the hellish nation wage the war.
The stroke succeeds; and down the pupil bends: This vengeance follow’d for our slaughter’d friends.
My Tyrians, at their injur’d queen’s command, Had toss’d their fires amid the Trojan band; At once extinguish’d all the faithless name; And I myself, in vengeance of my shame, Had fall’n upon the pile, to mend the fun’ral flame.
Here cease, ye pow’rs, and let your vengeance end: Troy is no more, and can no more offend.
’T is true, a soldier can small honor gain, And boast no conquest, from a woman slain: Yet shall the fact not pass without applause, Of vengeance taken in so just a cause; The punish’d crime shall set my soul at ease, And murm’ring manes of my friends appease.’
Thus plung’d in ills, and meditating moreThe people’s patience, tir’d, no longer bore The raging monster; but with arms beset His house, and vengeance and destruction threat.
Despair, and rage, and vengeance justly vow’d, Drove Nisus headlong on the hostile crowd.
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Go, friends, this message to your lord relate: Tell him, that, if I bear my bitter fate, And, after Pallas’ death, live ling’ring on, ’T is to behold his vengeance for my son.
Meantime the hero cuts the nightly tide: For, anxious, from Evander when he went, He sought the Tyrrhene camp, and Tarchon’s tent; Expos’d the cause of coming to the chief; His name and country told, and ask’d relief; Propos’d the terms; his own small strength declar’d; What vengeance proud Mezentius had prepar’d: What Turnus, bold and violent, design’d; Then shew’d the slipp’ry state of humankind, And fickle fortune; warn’d him to beware, And to his wholesome counsel added pray’r.
This comfort of thy dire misfortune take: The wrath of Heav’n, inflicted for thy sake, With vengeance shall pursue th’ inhuman coast, Till they propitiate thy offended ghost, And raise a tomb, with vows and solemn pray’r; And Palinurus’ name the place shall bear."
Now, since the Latian and the Trojan brood Have tasted vengeance and the sweets of blood; Speak, and my pow’r shall add this office more: The neighb’ing nations of th’ Ausonian shore Shall hear the dreadful rumor, from afar, Of arm’d invasion, and embrace the war."
Too well I know th’ insulting people’s hate; Protect me from their vengeance after fate: This refuge for my poor remains provide, And lay my much-lov’d Lausus by my side."
Mad Pandarus steps forth, with vengeance vow’d For Bitias’ death, and threatens thus aloud: "These are not Ardea’s walls, nor this the town Amata proffers with Lavinia’s crown: ’T is hostile earth you tread.
Now all things to their utmost issue tend, Push’d by the Fates to their appointed While leave was giv’n thee, and a lawful hour For vengeance, wrath, and unresisted pow’r, Toss’d on the seas, thou couldst thy foes distress, And, driv’n ashore, with hostile arms oppress; Deform the royal house; and, from the side Of the just bridegroom, tear the plighted bride: Now cease at my command."
There are no more uses of "vengeance" identified with this meaning in the book.
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Most Americans wanted vengeance after the 9-11 attacks.
Her evolutionary benefit theory of vengeance is supported by studies showing that a person’s desire for revenge increases when others see their mistreatment.