As Coketown cast ashes not only on its own head but on the neighbourhood’s too — after the manner of those pious persons who do penance for their own sins by putting other people into sackcloth — it was customary for those who now and then thirsted for a draught of pure air, which is not absolutely the most wicked among the vanities of life, to get a few miles away by the railroad, and then begin their walk, or their lounge in the fields.
There are no more uses of "penance" in the book.
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prayers of penance
A foreign policy of penance was counterproductive.