We thought this very characteristic of his eccentric gentleness and of the difference between him and those petulant people who make the weather and the winds (particularly that unlucky wind which he had chosen for such a different purpose) the stalking-horses of their splenetic and gloomy humours.
There are no more uses of "petulant" in the book.
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She stomped her foot like a petulant child.
She is petulant by nature and was clearly insulted by the question.