The gravest problems of obstetrics and forensic medicine were examined with as much animation as the most popular beliefs on the state of pregnancy such as the forbidding to a gravid woman to step over a countrystile lest, by her movement, the navelcord should strangle her creature and the injunction upon her in the event of a yearning, ardently and ineffectually entertained, to place her hand against that part of her person which long usage has consecrated as the seat of castigation.
There are no more uses of "castigate" in the book.
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She praises and castigates without hesitation.
The Puritans objected to ornaments and ritual in the churches as idolatrous... which they castigated as "popish pomp and rags."
Protestant Reformation - Wikipedia -- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Protestant_Reformation(retrieved 05/20/06)