She was appalled by West Egg, this unprecedented "place" that Broadway had begotten upon a Long Island fishing village — appalled by its raw vigor that chafed under the old euphemisms and by the too obtrusive fate that herded its inhabitants along a short-cut from nothing to nothing.
There are no more uses of "inhabitant" in the book.
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What will traffic be like if the city has twice as many inhabitants?
The inhabitants of the village were very friendly.