|100 Words Encountered in|
|Religion & Spirtuality|
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She studied theology at Yale Divinity School.
The priest consecrated the chapel.
Judaismthe oldest of the three major monotheistic religions — having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
Jerusalem is a holy city for Judaism, Christianity and Islam.
His success raising numerous small contributions is testament to his popularity.
She challenges accepted doctrine.
denominationa group of religious congregations (such as churches, temples, masques...) sharing distinctive beliefs and belonging to the same organization
or more rarely (and less formally): any categorization of people
other common meaning(s) — as in: the Baptist denomination
Downtown synagogues, mosques and churches of various denominations joined to assist the homeless.
catholicuniversal or inclusive of a wide range of people or interests
more common meaning(s) — when uncapitalized
When the Apostles Creed uses the word "catholic", it does not reference the church headed by the Pope, but rather a universal church.
While I lie awake worrying, she sleeps serenely.
I felt unbearable anguish when my 4-year-old child died from brain cancer.
parablea short story told to teach a moral lesson — especially those told by Jesus in the New Testament
Many people have heard the parable of the prodigal son.
Islamthe monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran; the world’s second most practiced religion
Islam is predominant in northern Africa, the Middle East, Pakistan, and Indonesia.
To atone for sins is a common religious theme.
The story takes place during medieval times.
Protestanta member of or relating to any of the Western churches that separated from the Roman Catholic Church during the Reformation
Protestant churches deny universal authority of the Pope.
reignrule (like that of a king or queen); or the time during which one ruled
other common meaning(s) — as in: She reigned over England
The arranged marriage solidified the alliance between two of Europe’s most important reigning families.
She was his favorite student and disciple.
temporalconcerned with the material (in contrast to the spiritual) world
other common meaning(s) — as in: temporal world
She focuses more on the spiritual while his main concern is with temporal existence.
Hindu/Muslim discord resulted in partitioning and violence in post-colonial India.
canonan official or established rule or principle; or a collection of such rules or principles (often in reference to rules or principles of a church)
other common meaning(s) — as in: a canonical requirement
Their actions violate the canon of proportional response.
monka male member of a religious order typically living under vows of poverty, chastity, and obedience
a Tibetan monk wearing an orange robe
Henry VIII’s Dissolution of the Monasteries was the largest legally enforced transfer of property in English history since the Norman Conquest.
gospelthe religious teachings of Jesus
one of the four books in the New Testament (Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John) that Christian’s believe tell the story of Jesus Christ’s life and teachings
a type of vocal music that originated in African-American churches in the United States
other common meaning(s) — as in: a gospel song
The earliest surviving complete copy of the gospels dates back to the 4th century.
gospela set of beliefs firmly held by a group
an unquestionable truth
other common meaning(s) — as in: they consider it gospel
She takes it as gospel.
Are we talking about a governmental or a religious parish?
KoranIslam: the sacred writings of Islam said to be revealed by God to the prophet Muhammad during his life at Mecca and Medina
Many of the people and events recounted in Koran are also recorded in the Old Testament.
apostlean ardent early supporter of a cause or reform
any important Christian missionary — especially the first to a country or region
other common meaning(s) — as in: an apostle for the cause
an apostle of revolution
ApostleChristianity: one of the original 12 disciples (followers) chosen by Jesus Christ to preach his gospel
other common meaning(s) — as in: chosen by Jesus
Paul claimed the role of Apostle to the Gentiles.
revelationsomething that was previously unknown — especially something that is surprising; or making such a thing known — (with a lowercase "r")
It was a revelation to me. Until they gave us those tests, I had no idea that I was better than most people at clerical accuracy.
Jerusalemcapital and largest city of the modern state of Israel; a holy city for Jews, Christians and Muslims
Palestinians demanded that Israel halt construction in East Jerusalem.
baptisma Christian ceremony signifying spiritual cleansing and rebirth
a challenging experience that initiates or purifies
She was baptized at the same church as her grandmother.
divinewonderful; or god-like or coming from God
other common meaning(s) — as in: to forgive is divine
Her pies are divine.
divineto predict or discover something supernaturally (as if by magic)
other common meaning(s) — as in: divined from tea leaves
She claims she can divine the future with a crystal ball.
extremism fed by unquestioned belief in the righteousness of their cause
piousbehaving in a highly moral or religious manner
or less commonly: behaving highly moral in a self-righteous or holier-than-thou manner
The cartoon with a drawing of Muhammad outraged many pious Muslims.
providenceresulting from God’s intervention or plan; or lucky — especially with regard to when something happened — as in: divine providence
On the eve of battle, he prayed that providence was in our favor.
AdventChristianity: the period that includes the four Sundays preceding Christmas
other common meaning(s) — as in: it is Advent
Christians began celebrating Advent in the fourth century.
Non-Muslims are prohibited from entering Mecca.
the three great monotheistic religions: Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
While many atheist decline any non-material reality, others have a spiritual outlook on life.
agnostica person who believes they lack true knowledge about the existence of God (but believes that God might exist)
or more rarely: someone who is doubtful or noncommittal about something
He’s agnostic — about the existence of God and the proof of any non-physical belief.
karmathe good or bad luck one earns through virtuous or evil acts
or in Hinduism and Buddhism: incarnation-effecting personal actions
I wouldn’t do that. It’s bad karma.
The University of Detroit Jesuit High School and Academy is an outstanding college-prep school.
PuritansEnglish Protestants who in the 16th and 17th centuries thought there were too many rituals in worship and who stressed hard work above pleasure
The Pilgrims who we remember on Thanksgiving were Puritans.
She believes God is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnipresent.
She believes God is omnipotent, omniscient, and omnipresent.
Brahmanthe supreme spirit found in Hinduism
Brahmin (highest rank in the traditional Hindu caste system)
The nature of Brahman is described differently in various philosophical schools.
The dogmatic coach is fond of saying, "My way’s the right way. Your way’s the wrong way!"
Rama is the main central character of the Ramayana.
Crusadesany of the more or less continuous military expeditions in the 11th to 13th centuries when Christian powers of Europe invaded Muslims in the Holy Land in the Middle East
other common meaning(s) — as in: First Crusade to Jerusalem
Resentments date back to the Crusades.
Zoroastrianisma religion founded in Persia in the 6th century BC by Zoroaster; based on concept of struggle between light and dark (good and evil)
There are small Zoroastrian communities all over the world.
Krishna8th and most important avatar of Vishnu; incarnated as a handsome young man playing a flute — Hindu God
There are many stories of Krishna’s mischievous youth.
There are those who would like to deny Holy Communion to pro-choice politicians, but most see such a policy as violating the separation of church and state.
imamIslam: the man who leads prayers in a mosque
or for Shiites: a recognized authority on Islamic theology and law, and is a spiritual guide
The Imam was trained in Saudi Arabia.
Zenschool of Buddhism asserting that enlightenment can come through meditation and intuition rather than faith
The study compares the mental benefits of Zen meditation to those of prayer.
jihada holy war waged by Muslims against infidels; or any relentless battle for a belief
or more rarely: a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral, spiritual, or political goal
They urged a jihad against Jews and crusaders.
kosherconforming to Jewish dietary law
anything that is proper or legitimate (usually used in the negative; such as: Things at the company don’t seem kosher.)
It is a kosher deli with great corned beef on rye.
Ph.Da research doctorate usually based on at least 3 years graduate study and a dissertation; the highest degree awarded in universities in many fields of study
She is a research scientist who earned her Ph.D in physics.
Thomas MoreEnglish statesman who accepted execution rather than take an oath against his beliefs; executed by Henry VIII; coined the word "utopia" (1478-1535)
The film, A Man for all Seasons is based on the life of Thomas More.
avataran earthly manifestation of one of the Hindu gods in human or animal form
other common meaning(s) — as in: an avatar of the god, Vishnu
Many avatars of Vishnu appear in Hindu literature.
Talibana fundamentalist Islamic militia; between 1996 and 2001, they took over Afghanistan and set up an Islamic government
The Taliban enforced a strict Muslim code of behavior.
mullaha Muslim trained in the doctrine and law of Islam
a term of respect for a Muslim male who is thought to be especially wise
He is a mullah from Iran.
She abhors violence.
abideto tolerate or put up with something
other common meaning(s) — as in: abide by her decision
I can’t abide her continual complaints.
The new law might abridge our freedom of speech.
The committee absolved her of any wrong doing.
abstainchoose not to do something
other common meaning(s) — as in: abstained from alcohol
I abstain from alcohol
adjureto appeal earnestly or command solemnly
other common meaning(s) — as in: I adjure you
I adjure you.
He admonished the child for his bad behavior
Polling indicates the public is ambivalent on the subject. Their opinions change depending upon the latest headlines.
The printed version is an expensive anachronism from an earlier time.
It’s not the government I want, but it’s better than anarchy.
Coal power plants are anathema to the environmental group.
The terrorist wants to annihilate a major American city.
anonymousan unknown person, or of an unknown person — such as an unknown author, or donation of an unknown person
other common meaning(s) — as in: an anonymous author
Everyone wonders who has been sending her anonymous love letters.
Someone needs to replace her and her antediluvian ideas.
She read an anthology of classic American literature.
Her theory is the antithesis of mine.
She is apprehensive about her new job.
When I first started reading Shakespeare, it seemed archaic.
She identifies six boyfriend archetypes.
ardentshowing or feeling intense emotion — typically strong positive feelings such as enthusiasm or love
I am her most ardent fan.
She is rude and arrogant.
We saw the rocket ascend.
asceticsomeone who practices self-denial (often to encourage spiritual growth); or relating to such self-denial
severely plain (without decoration)
The ascetic life has been more pronounced in Hinduism and Buddhism than in other major religions.
She is an assiduous student who expects to earn A’s.
She was the first woman to attain the rank of general.
augustmajestic or greatly admired — especially due to high rank or age
more common meaning(s) — as in: august stature
I am humbled to be chosen as a steward of this august institution.
With good weather and no traffic, we had an auspicious start on our journey.
We can try both to minimize greed and avarice and to channel them into directions beneficial to society.
He wants to avenge the murder of his brother
They called themselves The Benevolent Association because their mission was to help others.
bestow blessings upon the marriage
She was betrothed on the day of her birth.
blasphemysomething said or done that is disrespectful of something considered sacred — especially God or religion
The government of the Muslim nation monitors major websites for blasphemy.
The whole country was affected by the calamity of 9/11.
The committee is characterized by chaos and calumny.
She praises and castigates without hesitation.
celibateabstaining from (i.e., never having) sexual intercourse
an unmarried person who has taken a religious vow of chastity
The priests are celibate.
They censured him for bringing dishonor upon the Senate.
An unusual pattern of sudden, effortless smoking cessation in long-term smokers may indicate the onset of lung cancer.
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