|100 Words Encountered in|
|Public Policy & Politics|
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About 1 of each 8 people in the United States immigrated from somewhere else.
Many people had to emigrate during the Nazi period
domesticrelating to a home country
or (much more rarely,): relating to a geographic area that is smaller than a country
other common meaning(s) — as in: the domestic market
The deparment is responsible for studying all the domestic species of animals and plants.
gross domestic product (GDP)the total value of goods and services produced by a nation (or territory) in a year
other common meaning(s) — as in: GDP of the United States
We’re hoping GDP growth of 4% will increase the number of available jobs.
capitalmaterial wealth — especially assets available for use in the production of further assets — as in: invested capital
She worked hard to raise capital to start their new company.
She resolved to never drink again.
She disputes his claim.
resolutiona formal expression of opinion arrived at by a group vote
other common meaning(s) — as in: a United Nations resolution
The United Nations passed a resolution condemning the country’s use of chemical weapons.
other common meaning(s) — as in: Her resolution weakened.
She ran each mile of the marathon with increasing resolution.
resolutiona solution or outcome
other common meaning(s) — as in: a dispute resolution fund
We anticipate a peaceful resolution to the dispute.
parliamenta legislative assembly in certain countries (that can pass laws) — (with a lowercase "p")
Throughout Europe, parliaments are debating how much power to give to the European Union.
She challenges accepted doctrine.
uniformconsistent (the same in some way)
more common meaning(s) — as in: uniform commercial code
A diverse committee will provide a better solution than a committee that is uniform.
assessconsider something and make a judgment
other common meaning(s) — as in: assess the situation
They assessed the property’s value at $500,000.
initiateto start or begin; or (as a noun) someone being introduced to membership, position, or knowledge
He initiated a new program
interveneget involved — typically without welcome
other common meaning(s) — as in: intervened in the war
They do not like America to intervene in the Middle East.
dynamicchanging — as through time or due to various forces
other common meaning(s) — as in: a dynamic system
A dynamic market rapidly adjusts to new technologies and shortages of resources.
assertto say that something is true — especially something disputed
other common meaning(s) — as in: asserted her opinion that...
The defense also asserts that the defendant has no previous record.
capitalisman economic system based on private ownership of property and businesses, and on voluntary exchange in a competitive environment — with the belief that adults can generally make better decisions for themselves than the government can; and that the voluntary exchange of labor, money, and property harnesses and directs inborn self-interest so it benefits decision makers and society
Capitalism has helped to move millions of people out of poverty.
socialisman economic system based on government ownership or control of all important companies — with the ideal of equal benefits to all people
She believes that more socialism would be more fair.
She offered a plausible excuse.
accommodateprovide (or have the ability to provide) something desired or needed
other common meaning(s) — as in: Each room can accommodate four
The lab can accommodate up to 30 students at one time.
These maps are drawn with north to the top unless otherwise indicated.
liabilitya legal obligation or responsibility
other common meaning(s) — as in: legal liability
They have legal liability for accidents caused by the defective tires.
discriminateto treat people of different groups differently — especially unfair treatment due to race, religion or gender
other common meaning(s) — as in: suffered discrimination
We do not discriminate based on race, nationality, social status, age, gender, religion, or sexual preference.
The state has approximately as many Republicans as Democrats.
appropriatesuitable (fitting) for a particular situation
other common meaning(s) — as in: it is appropriate
These clothes aren’t appropriate for work.
confrontto deal directly with an unpleasant situation or person
to challenge someone — often by presenting evidence
You must confront your problems.
transparenteasily observable or understood
other common meaning(s) — as in: transparent decision making
They promised a transparent budgetary process.
The defending World Champions dominated their unranked opponent.
presumptionsomething thought of as true without proof
other common meaning(s) — as in: presumption of innocence
I presumed she was an expert since she spoke so confidently.
She is involved in clandestine intelligence operations.
reconcileto bring into agreement
(see word notes for more detailed definitions based on context)
other common meaning(s) — as in: reconciled their differences
She reconciled her checking account statement.
Islamthe monotheistic religious system of Muslims founded in Arabia in the 7th century and based on the teachings of Muhammad as laid down in the Koran; the world’s second most practiced religion
Islam is predominant in northern Africa, the Middle East, Pakistan, and Indonesia.
contraryin opposition to what was just said
the opposite or alternative
disagreeable in personality
We will not allow members to act contrary to our code of ethics.
compliantconforming to rules
other common meaning(s) — as in: compliant with the law
The company was fined for not being regulation 4.3 compliant.
Our policy is in compliance with the law.
Palestinea geographic region on the Eastern Coast of the Mediterranean in the Middle East, at various times comprising parts of modern Israel, the West Bank and Gaza, Jordan, and Egypt
The boundaries of Palestine have changed through history.
progressivefavoring political change or new ideas (typically associated with liberal causes); or a person with such beliefs
gradually getting more severe — as of a disease or other condition
gradually advancing (making progress)
constraintsomething that limits something’s motion or someone’s actions; or the state of being so limited
Both sides have demonstrated a lack of constraint in the discussions.
implicitimplied though not directly expressed
other common meaning(s) — as in: not explicitly but implicitly
"Did she explicitly promise?"
"Well, I guess not explicitly, but nobody who was there could have missed the implicit promise."
implicitexists as an inseparable part or characteristic
other common meaning(s) — as in: implicit problem with the design
This risk is implicit in your plan. We can work to minimize the danger, but it cannot be eliminated.
implicitcomplete (without any doubts)
other common meaning(s) — as in: I trust her implicitly.
Her team has implicit confidence in her decisions.
The constitution means what the judiciary says it means.
She works to liberate the religious minority from persecution.
suburbanrelating to a residential district located on the outskirts of a city (near the city, but far from the center of it)
She drives from her home in the suburbs to her office downtown.
jurisdictionthe authority to make decisions or apply the law; or the territory subject to such authority
The state court has jurisdiction on this matter — not the federal court.
She was an emancipated 20th century woman pursuing her career.
objectivefact-based without the influence of personal feelings or preferences — as in: an objective viewpoint
By any objective analysis, you would have to agree that...
Her emotional testimony moved the jury.
rehabilitateto restore someone (or more rarely, something) to a state of good condition — such as recovery from addiction, illness, prison, or poor reputation
She has been working to rehabilitate her reputation.
decisivedetermining an outcome; or ending question; or describing something as unmistakable
other common meaning(s) — as in: a decisive defeat
She cast the decisive vote.
The president nominated her as head of the Civil Rights Commission.
I don’t do this job for monetary reward.
Her insurance includes comprehensive coverage.
rhetoricthe use of words to make a point
or more rarely:
study of the technique and rules for using language effectively (especially to persuade)
She uses convincing rhetoric, but makes bad decisions.
rhetorical questiona question asked to emphasize a point or to generate interest rather than to get information
She asks and answers rhetorical questions faster than I can consider them.
Does our DNA compel us to act as we do?
compellingvery interesting; or convincing — possibly leading to action
or more rarely: a force for action
The evidence is compelling.
designateassign someone or something for a particular purpose
other common meaning(s) — as in: designated driver
I’ll be the designated driver.
designateindicate or signify (show something in a particular way)
other common meaning(s) — as in: designated by a star on the map
State capital cities are designated on the map by stars.
We’re considering five primary criteria as we compare job applicants.
When you have a monopoly you can raise prices.
She subsidizes a number of young artists.
The college wants a diverse student body.
prominentwell-known — especially of a person who is respected
conspicuous (easily noticed) because of position or importance
She is a prominent member of our community.
She owns a prosperous law firm.
The computers are vulnerable to cyberattacks.
Don’t judge her so harshly until you consider the mitigating circumstances.
insighta clear understanding of some aspect of a complex situation; or a tendency to have such understandings
The book is full of insight on human nature.
Judges aren’t supposed to legislate from the bench.
legislaturea group made up of government representatives (usually elected) that has the power to create laws
The state legislature passed a law to increase the minimum wage, but the governor vetoed it while claiming it would reduce the number of entry-level jobs for young people.
idealismthe philosophical theory that there is no reality outside of ideas
other common meaning(s) — as in: philosophical idealism
In his Critique of Pure Reason, Kant distinguished his transcendental idealism from Descartes’s Sceptical Idealism and Berkeley’s Dogmatic Idealism.
Is her theory supported by empirical data?
She testified against the robber.
prejudiceto have unreasonable belief — especially when unfair to members of a race, religion, or other group
or more generally:
to have (or create in others) an unreasonable belief that prevents objective (unbiased) consideration of an issue or situation
The group works to eliminate racial prejudice.
It is an ethical dilemma.
liableheld legally responsible
other common meaning(s) — as in: is legally liable
She was drunk and liable for the death of the other driver.
biasa personal preference — especially a prejudice that prevents objective consideration
any tendency to move in a particular direction — such as a car that tends to want to swerve toward the right
She has a bias against young people.
sovereignof a person: a nation’s ruler or head of state
of a political body: not controlled by outside forces
They may be a sovereign state, but their neighbor’s threats forced their decision.
deliberateto think about or discuss — especially with great care
other common meaning(s) — as in: need to deliberate
We deliberated into the evening.
demographicscharacteristics of a human populations; e.g., population density and income distribution
Based upon its demographics and the traffic patterns, the neighborhood should support another fast-food restaurant.
harmoniouspleasing — especially of music or sound
other common meaning(s) — as in: soothing, harmonious music
The changes created a more harmonious melody.
advocateto recommend or publicly support someone or something
other common meaning(s) — as in: to advocate
She advocates stricter gun control.
It was a fight between the moderate and liberal factions of the Democratic Party.
In the summer, our afternoon breezes come predominantly from the southwest.
articulateclearly expressed with words; or the act of or ability to clearly express with words — as in: articulate her ideas
He is thoughtful and articulate.
Congress passed the legislation, but the President vetoed it.
republica system of government in which a majority of citizens elect representatives to make governmental decisions
The United States and each of its states are republics.
She is opposed, but will ultimately acquiesce to the will of the majority.
persecutionbad and unfair treatment of others — usually because of race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, or political beliefs
Everyone knows about the persecution of the Jews by the Nazis.
denounceto strongly criticize or accuse publicly
or more rarely: to inform against someone (turn someone into the authorities)
She denounced him as a liar.
contendto claim that something is true
other common meaning(s) — as in: She contended that...
Her lawyer contends that the contract isn’t valid.
We started with the most contentious item on the agenda.
I was hoping for a balanced report, but heard only partisan praise.
arbitrarybased on chance or impulse (rather than upon reasoning, consistent rules, or a proper sense of fairness)
It was an arbitrary decision.
empowergive or delegate authority or power to
give knowledge or confidence to someone that permits doing something
The Constitution empowers the Vice President to cast tie-breaking votes in the Senate.
They created a commission of inquiry to look into the matter.
premisesomething assumed to be true that can be used to build a logical argument
other common meaning(s) — as in: the premise of the argument
Her logic is fine except that it assumes a false premise.
segregationthe act of keeping people or things separate — especially people due to discrimination based on race, gender, ethnicity, or religion
Martin Luther King, Jr. helped to end institutionalized segregation in the United States.
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