|100 Words Encountered in|
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accordin keeping with; or in agreement/harmony/unity with
other common meaning(s) — as in: according to, or in accord with
She will get a fair trial in accordance with the law.
We have sufficient supplies.
We’re considering five primary criteria as we compare job applicants.
She disputes his claim.
et al.abbreviation meaning "and others" — (Latin)
the data reported by Smith et al.
citeto quote someone (to make a point)
other common meaning(s) — as in: cited from the President’s speech
She cited Polonius’ advice to his son from Shakespeare’s Hamlet: "Give every man thine ear, but few thy voice."
Her guess was proven right by subsequent developments.
deeda legal document indicating ownership of property
more common meaning(s) — as in: signed the deed
My grandmother deeded her home to my mother.
contractan agreement - typically written and enforceable by law
other common meaning(s) — as in: legal contract
She signed the contract.
dispositionthe decision or action taken when an issue was settled so that it no longer requires attention
other common meaning(s) — as in: disposition of the matter
What was the disposition of the court?
assertto say that something is true — especially something disputed
other common meaning(s) — as in: asserted her opinion that...
The defense also asserts that the defendant has no previous record.
It is an important decision in the Supreme Court’s affirmative action jurisprudence.
jurisdictionthe authority to make decisions or apply the law; or the territory subject to such authority
The state court has jurisdiction on this matter — not the federal court.
She feels that helping him is her obligation.
common lawa system of jurisprudence based on judicial precedents rather than statutory laws; (also called "case law")
The United States inherited its common law from Great Britain.
civil lawthe body of law governing relationships between individuals not involving the state, such as the fulfillment of contracts
other common meaning(s) — as: contrasted to criminal law
The burden of proof is greater in criminal law than in civil law.
civil lawlaw developed by governmental groups in contrast to common law (based on custom and precedent)
other common meaning(s) — as: contrasted to common law
Although it’s not as nuanced as common law, it is easier to look up rules of civil law.
She offered a plausible excuse.
notwithstandingin spite of; or in spite of the thing mentioned
(Used to connect contrasting ideas. Other synonyms could include words and phrases such as nevertheless, nonetheless, all the same, still, and however.)
Notwithstanding my fear, I want to try parachuting from an airplane.
accommodateprovide (or have the ability to provide) something desired or needed
other common meaning(s) — as in: Each room can accommodate four
The lab can accommodate up to 30 students at one time.
affirma firm statement that something is true
expressing emotional support or encouragement for someone
Maria affirmed that she has complete faith in the other members of the team.
liabilitya legal obligation or responsibility
other common meaning(s) — as in: legal liability
They have legal liability for accidents caused by the defective tires.
inconsistentnot the same in different parts or at different times
not in agreement [with something else]
Her play is inconsistent. Sometimes she’s unbeatable and other times she beats herself.
She alleged that she was the victim of a crime.
presumptionsomething thought of as true without proof
other common meaning(s) — as in: presumption of innocence
I presumed she was an expert since she spoke so confidently.
Her emotional testimony moved the jury.
The defendant is confident she will be found innocent.
renderto give or supply something
other common meaning(s) — as in: rendered service or a verdict
We’re waiting for the jury to render a verdict.
The effects of the drought are apparent to anyone who sees the dry fields.
prevailprove superior or win
other common meaning(s) — as in: reason will prevail
Neither side has the strength to prevail over the other.
She stole money by filing a fraudulent insurance claim.
compliantconforming to rules
other common meaning(s) — as in: compliant with the law
The company was fined for not being regulation 4.3 compliant.
Our policy is in compliance with the law.
It is easier to learn things that seem relevant to your life.
waivenot enforce something to which one would otherwise be entitled
other common meaning(s) — as in: waive the right
They will waive the foreign language requirement for students who are already bilingual.
Juries can construe evidence to mean something it does not.
The constitution means what the judiciary says it means.
conveycommunicate or express
other common meaning(s) — as in: convey her thoughts
Please convey my gratitude for her hospitality.
briefa summary of important facts — especially an opinion of a legal case
more common meaning(s) — as in: legal brief
The ACLU filed the brief in October.
She testified against the robber.
writlaw: an order issued by a court or judicial officer
or more rarely:
archaic term for written or wrote
Her attorney filed for a writ of habeas corpus.
Does our DNA compel us to act as we do?
They signed a cease-fire agreement.
other common meaning(s) — as in: bankrupt idea
It is a bankrupt approach to solving the problem.
What would be called canon law in the Roman Catholic Church is called church order or practice and procedure in the Presbyterian Church.
prejudiceto have unreasonable belief — especially when unfair to members of a race, religion, or other group
or more generally:
to have (or create in others) an unreasonable belief that prevents objective (unbiased) consideration of an issue or situation
The group works to eliminate racial prejudice.
liableheld legally responsible
other common meaning(s) — as in: is legally liable
She was drunk and liable for the death of the other driver.
confrontto deal directly with an unpleasant situation or person
to challenge someone — often by presenting evidence
You must confront your problems.
deferpostpone (hold off until a later time)
other common meaning(s) — as in: deferred the decision
The weather forced us to defer our departure another day.
advocateto recommend or publicly support someone or something
other common meaning(s) — as in: to advocate
She advocates stricter gun control.
In the United States, it is extremely difficult for someone famous to win a slander lawsuit—almost no matter what is said.
arbitrarybased on chance or impulse (rather than upon reasoning, consistent rules, or a proper sense of fairness)
It was an arbitrary decision.
barany of the state tests a person needs to pass to practice law in that state
the association of people qualified to practice law in a particular place
more common meaning(s) — as in: passed the bar examination
She just graduated from law school and now needs to take the bar examination.
community propertyproperty and income belonging jointly to a married couple
the principle that property acquired during a marriage and funds that are commingled during the marriage are jointly owned
California and Texas are two of the community property states.
I’m hoping we won’t have to litigate the matter.
symposiuma gathering to discuss a specific subject — generally with shared and breakout sessions in which individual or panels of experts address audiences
I’m excited to attend the symposium on robotics.
I was intimidated on my first day at the job, but I’m comfortable now.
intestatedescribes a person who died without a legally valid will; or describes property left by such a person
She died intestate.
cross-examinationthe re-questioning of a witness who has already been questioned by the other side in court
Prosecutors expect to wrap up their cross-examination tomorrow.
compensatemake up for; or adjust for
other common meaning(s) — as in: he compensates with extra effort
She uses several techniques to help compensate for her dyslexia.
compensateto make payment to someone (often in amends for a loss or inconvenience they suffered)
other common meaning(s) — as in: she is generously compensated
The company has offered to compensate everyone impacted by the defective cars.
She trusts only what she can measure or can deduce from measurement.
contingency feea fee that is payable only if the outcome is successful — especially for an attorney’s services
The firm specializes in personal injury cases taken on a contingency fee basis.
Through good times and bad her love for him has never wavered.
He is charged with aggravated assault.
compensatory damagesmoney or actions ordered by a court to make amends for losses of an injured party
They were ordered to pay compensatory damages of $10,000.
the turn lane provides better ingress to the parking lot
contingent liabilitya legal obligation to perform some action (such as pay money) in the event that something (probably unexpected) happens
The contingent liability is not on the balance sheet, but it is mentioned in the footnotes.
amicus briefa document filed in a legal proceeding by an interested party who is not directly part of the case
Twenty states filed an amicus brief.
principal-agent problemthe difficulties that arise because an agent (who makes decisions for a principal) has incentives or objectives that differ from those of the principal
The legislation is intended to reduce the principal-agent problem in our industry.
Don’t judge her so harshly until you consider the mitigating circumstances.
The storm abated.
The new law might abridge our freedom of speech.
She has abrogated her responsibility as a mother.
the accountant absconded with the cash from the safe
The committee absolved her of any wrong doing.
abstainchoose not to do something
other common meaning(s) — as in: abstained from alcohol
I abstain from alcohol
accedeto agree or express agreement
other common meaning(s) — as in: accede to her suggestion
She will not accede to his request.
She is opposed, but will ultimately acquiesce to the will of the majority.
affectto influence — verb as in: the rule affects you
The new rule will affect you.
aggravateannoy or irritate
other common meaning(s) — as in: he aggravates me
She is the most aggravating person I know.
aggregatethe combination of different, but related, things; or relating to such a thing
other common meaning(s) — as in: the aggregate effect
Aggregate expenses include expenses of all the divisions of our company for the entire year.
aggregatethe act of combining different, but related quantities or things
other common meaning(s) — as in: he aggregated them
We need to aggregate the data from all sources.
He fears a lawsuit from one of the aggrieved parties.
amicus curiaean adviser to the court on some matter of law who is not a party to the case; usually someone who wants to influence the outcome of a lawsuit involving matters of wide public interest
Both the ACLU and the Justice Department were amici curiae in a case involving an employer’s alleged abuse of his employees civil liberties.
If we cannot be close friends, we can at least live in amity.
The loan is amortized over 10 years.
with Bach’s Brandenburg Concertos playing in the background
annexto take territory — such as a city making land outside of it a part of the city
other common meaning(s) — as in: annexed the community
The county annexed the rural community where we live.
appraiseplace a value on or judge the worth of something
other common meaning(s) — as in: appraised value of
The interest rate is higher if we borrow over 80% of the home’s appraised value.
She is not motivated by popular approbation.
appropriatesuitable (fitting) for a particular situation
other common meaning(s) — as in: it is appropriate
These clothes aren’t appropriate for work.
arbitersomeone who settles disputes — often because of reputation
someone chosen to judge and decide a disputed issue
She was the final arbiter on all matters of fashion.
assessconsider something and make a judgment
other common meaning(s) — as in: assess the situation
They assessed the property’s value at $500,000.
asyluma shelter from danger or hardship
other common meaning(s) — as in: she sought asylum in...
She sought political asylum in the US due to persecution at home.
The expert authenticated her signature.
She spoke to her teacher in a belligerent tone and was sent to the office.
The total bequest was over a million dollars.
biennialoccurring once every two years
other common meaning(s) — as in: 6 biennial meetings a year
We see each other at biennial conventions.
He was sued for breach of contract.
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