toggle menu
menu
vocabulary
1000+ books

100 Words Encountered in

Logic & Reasoning

Other Interests
accord
as in:
according to, or in accord with
She will get a fair trial in accordance with the law.
accordance = keeping with; or agreement with
DefinitionGenerally this sense of accord means:
in keeping with; or in agreement/harmony/unity with
Word Statistics
Library46 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
resolve
4 meanings
as in:
I resolved to stop drinking.
This year I resolved to lose a pound a week for 5 weeks.
resolved = decided
DefinitionGenerally this sense of resolve means:
to decide — typically a firm or formal decision
Word Statistics
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 500
Web Links
as in:
This committee hereby resolves...
The Security Council resolved that all parties should work together for the successful implementation of the National Peace Accords.
resolved = voiced an opinion by formal group vote
DefinitionGenerally this sense of resolve means:
make a decision or voice an opinion by formal group vote
Word Statistics
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 500
Web Links
as in:
Her resolve weakened.
She never waivered in her resolve to attend a good college.
resolve = determination (firmness of purpose)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of resolve means:
firmness of purpose (strong determination to do something)
Word Statistics
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 500
Web Links
as in:
How did you resolve the problem?
Three of the five issues have already been resolved.
resolved = solved or settled
DefinitionGenerally this sense of resolve means:
to solve a problem or settle a disagreement
Word Statistics
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 500
Web Links
hypothesis
2 meanings
as in:
a study to test her hypothesis
The study will test the hypothesis that a good marriage is more important than a higher income when measuring happiness.
hypothesis = a seemingly reasonable, but unproven, idea or explanation
DefinitionGenerally this sense of hypothesis means:
seemingly reasonable, but unproven idea or explanation based upon known facts
Word Statistics
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 100
Web Links
as in:
assume as a working hypothesis
For the purpose of discussion, let's accept that the hypothesis that she is guilty is true. What would we have expected her to do after the incident?
hypothesis = something that may or may not be true, but is temporarily treated as true to advance a discussion or to further investigation
Word Statistics
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
artificial intelligence (AI)
It is an artificial intelligence program to help diagnose disease.†
artificial intelligence = a branch of computer science developing software that mimics human intelligence
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
imply
She wouldn't make a direct statement, but she implied that she supported our position.
implied = hinted or suggested
DefinitionGenerally imply means:
to suggest or say indirectly — possibly as a logical consequence
Word Statistics
Library13 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 10
Web Links
infer
Which of the following facts can you infer from the first paragraph?
infer = figure out or guess by reasoning
DefinitionGenerally infer means:
to figure out or guess by reasoning
Word Statistics
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 100
Web Links
abstract
as in:
abstract thought
We all agree that we want what's "best for the country", but that is an abstract concept and we cannot agree on which specific laws should be passed.
abstract = of a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance
DefinitionGenerally this sense of abstract means:
of a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance

or more rarely:

describing someone as distracted — thinking about something outside of the immediate conversation or circumstances
Word Statistics
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 500
Web Links
epistemology
Her faith and reason led her to study epistemology.†
epistemology = the study of how we know what we know
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
subtle
as in:
a subtle difference or thinker
She used subtle reasoning to expose the absurdity of his argument.
subtle = making use of slight distinctions
DefinitionGenerally this sense of subtle means:
not obvious, but understandable by someone with adequate sensitivity and relevant knowledge (perhaps depending upon fine distinctions)

or:

capable of understanding things that require sensitivity and relevant knowledge (perhaps understanding fine distinctions)
Word Statistics
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 500
Web Links
indeterminate
A zillion is a large indeterminate number.
indeterminate = unknown or uncertain
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
correspond
4 meanings
as in:
corresponding time period
Eskimos have many words that correspond to the English word snow. For example, there are different words for "snow on the ground", "fresh snow on the ground", "soft snow on the ground", "a crust of snow on the ground" and so forth.
correspond = are equivalent
DefinitionGenerally this sense of correspond means:
connect or fit together by being equivalent, proportionate, or matched

(Two things are equivalent if they have the same or very similar value, purpose, or result.)
Word Statistics
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 100
Web Links
as in:
corresponding by email
We correspond regularly via email.
correspond = write to each other
DefinitionGenerally this sense of correspond means:
communicate by writing letters or email
Word Statistics
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
as in:
a correspondence course
She took a correspondence course while she was in prison.
correspondence = done from afar via written communication
DefinitionGenerally this sense of correspondence means:
done from afar
Word Statistics
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
as in:
foreign correspondent of the paper
Let's get a report from our correspondent in Mexico City.
correspondent = reporter
DefinitionGenerally this sense of correspondent means:
a reporter — typically from a foreign country or with a particular expertise
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
sufficient
We have sufficient supplies.
sufficient = adequate (enough — often without being more than is needed)
Word Statistics
Library22 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 100
Web Links
thesis
as in:
the thesis of her editorial
Her thesis is that efficiencies gained through competition outweigh the costs of redundancy, marketing, and profit.
thesis = unproved statement put forward as a premise for discussion
DefinitionGenerally this sense of thesis means:
an unproved statement put forward as a premise for discussion
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 1000
Web Links
assert
as in:
asserted her opinion that...
The defense also asserts that the defendant has no previous record.
asserts = says (that something is true — especially something disputed)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of assert means:
to say that something is true — especially something disputed
Word Statistics
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 100
Web Links
fallacy
The entire argument is built on a fallacy.
fallacy = a misconception resulting from incorrect reasoning
DefinitionGenerally fallacy means:
a misconception resulting from incorrect reasoning; or a common form of incorrect reasoning
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
fallacious
She reached a false conclusion that was based on fallacious reasoning.
fallacious = mistaken (based on incorrect information or belief)
DefinitionGenerally fallacious means:
not correct
  • typically describing something as mistaken due to incorrect information or belief
  • sometimes describing something as an intentional lie
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
analogy
Her analogy is flawed.†
analogy = drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect
Word Statistics
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 500
Web Links
plausible
She offered a plausible excuse.
plausible = apparently reasonable, but unproven
Word Statistics
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 1000
Web Links
equivalent
At $50 a share, it is equivalent to about a billion dollars.
equivalent = being equal or essentially equal
Word Statistics
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 1000
Web Links
subsequent
Her guess was proven right by subsequent developments.
subsequent = following
DefinitionGenerally subsequent means:
following something else
Word Statistics
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 1000
Web Links
linguistic
She fears the country will split along linguistic lines.†
linguistic = related to language
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
approximate
The state has approximately as many Republicans as Democrats.
approximately = about (but not exactly)
DefinitionGenerally approximate means:
almost, but not exact; or similar
Word Statistics
Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 1000
Web Links
sequential
She has a gift for breaking a complex task into a simple series of sequential steps.
sequential = happening in a specific order — especially chronological order
Word Statistics
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 1000
Web Links
predicated
solving the problem is predicated on understanding it well†
predicated = to indicate that something is a necessary condition for another thing to be true or to happen
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
coherent
She is more coherent now than she was just after the accident an hour ago.
coherent = sensible and clear; or describing parts as fitting together in a consistent or pleasing manner
Word Statistics
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 1000
Web Links
omit
She recounted the whole story except that she omitted names.†
omitted = to exclude or neglect something
Word Statistics
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
negate
Her apology is welcome, but does not negate her inexperience.†
negate = to contradict, offset, or render meaningless
Word Statistics
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
inconsistent
Her play is inconsistent. Sometimes she's unbeatable and other times she beats herself.
inconsistent = not the same at different times
DefinitionGenerally inconsistent means:
not the same in different parts or at different times

or:

not in agreement [with something else]
Word Statistics
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 100
Web Links
criteria
We're considering five primary criteria as we compare job applicants.
criteria = reference points against which things can be evaluated
Word Statistics
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 1000
Web Links
contrary
5 meanings
as in:
a contrary idea
The facts point to a contrary conclusion.
contrary = different (perhaps opposite or mutually exclusive)
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 1000
Web Links
as in:
a contrary personality
She has a contrary personality.
contrary = disagreeable
DefinitionGenerally this sense of contrary means:
disagreeable — typically in reference to someone's personality
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 1000
Web Links
as in:
contrary to
Contrary to popular belief, the largest pyramid is in Mexico—not Egypt.
contrary to = in opposition to
Word Statistics
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
as in:
on the contrary
She was not smiling. On the contrary, she frowned.
on the contrary = In opposition to what was just said
DefinitionGenerally this sense of on the contrary means:
in opposition to what was just said
Word Statistics
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
as in:
to the contrary
What you do speaks so loudly that I cannot hear what you say to the contrary.
to the contrary = with an opposite or different effect
DefinitionGenerally this sense of to the contrary means:
with an opposite or different effect; or something with an opposite or different effect
Word Statistics
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
empirical
Is her theory supported by empirical data?
empirical = based on experience or observation rather than theory
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 500
Web Links
infinite
There are infinite possibilities.
infinite = unlimited; without boundaries; or too numerous to count
Word Statistics
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
precede
Stone tools preceded bronze tools.
preceded = were before in time
DefinitionGenerally precede means:
to go or do before
Word Statistics
Library10 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 500
Web Links
presumption
as in:
presumption of innocence
I presumed she was an expert since she spoke so confidently.
presumed = assumed
DefinitionGenerally this sense of presumption means:
to think of something as true or likely, even though it is not known with certainty
Word Statistics
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 1000
Web Links
insight
The book is full of insight on human nature.
insight = clear understanding of some aspects of a complex situation
DefinitionGenerally insight means:
a clear understanding of some aspect of a complex situation; or a tendency to have such understandings
Word Statistics
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 1000
Web Links
reconcile
as in:
reconciled their differences
She reconciled her checking account statement.
reconciled = brought into agreement (in this case, the statement from the bank with the record she kept in her check register)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of reconcile means:
to bring into agreement

(see word notes for more detailed definitions based on context)
Word Statistics
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
essence
To make things better, to enjoy each other's company, and to empathize are essence of humanity.
essence = the defining or most important aspect of something
Word Statistics
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
essential
The essential feature of the pen is that it writes so consistently.
essential = absolutely necessary; or of greatest importance
DefinitionGenerally essential means:
absolutely necessary; or of the greatest importance

or:

the defining or most important aspect of something
Word Statistics
Library20 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 500
Web Links
rationalism
Immanuel Kant attempted to integrate rationalism and empiricism.†
rationalism = the doctrine that knowledge is acquired primarily by reason rather than by experience
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
relevant
It is easier to learn things that seem relevant to your life.
relevant = related in a meaningful way to the issue in question
DefinitionGenerally relevant means:
relating in a meaningful way to the issue in question
Word Statistics
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 10
Web Links
dilemma
It is an ethical dilemma.
dilemma = a situation in which a difficult choice must be made between imperfect alternatives
Word Statistics
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 1000
Web Links
constraint
Both sides have demonstrated a lack of constraint in the discussions.
constraint = staying within limits (in this case restraining themselves from saying things that make it hard to work together)
DefinitionGenerally constraint means:
something that limits something's motion or someone's actions; or the state of being so limited
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 1000
Web Links
explicit
2 meanings
as in:
explicit instructions
She gave us explicit instructions.
explicit = precisely and clearly expressed
DefinitionGenerally this sense of explicit means:
clear and with enough detail so there is no confusion
Word Statistics
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 100
Web Links
as in:
explicit photos and pornography
The computer has a filter that blocks explicit photos and pornography.
explicit = expressing or displaying sexual activity or nudity in a manner that leaves little to the imagination
DefinitionGenerally this sense of explicit means:
expressing or displaying sexual activity or violence in a detailed manner
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
implicit
3 meanings
as in:
not explicitly but implicitly
"Did she explicitly promise?"
"Well, I guess not explicitly, but nobody who was there could have missed the implicit promise."
implicit = understood (without having been directly said)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of implicit means:
not stated directly, but understood (or capable of being understood) from something else
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 100
Web Links
as in:
implicit problem with the design
This risk is implicit in your plan. We can work to minimize the danger, but it cannot be eliminated.
implicit = exists as an inseparable part or characteristic
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 100
Web Links
as in:
I trust her implicitly.
Her team has implicit confidence in her decisions.
implicit = without question or doubt
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 100
Web Links
dialectic
Plato's Socratic dialogues popularized the concept of dialectics.†
dialectics = a search for truth through logical discussion — especially in reconciling two conflicting influences or ideas
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
utilitarianism
Utilitarianism gained popularity as public argument became more pluralistic and secular.†
utilitarianism = doctrine that the useful is the good; or the greatest happiness for the greatest number
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
utilitarian
She likes plain utilitarian kitchenware.
utilitarian = designed for usefulness rather than beauty or style
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
subjective
a subjective judgment†
subjective = influenced by personal belief, feelings, or preferences (rather than being based purely upon fact)
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
objective
By any objective analysis, you would have to agree that...
objective = fact-based (not influenced by personal feelings or preferences)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of objective means:
fact-based without the influence of personal feelings or preferences
Word Statistics
Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 500
Web Links
intuitive
The were perfect partners—one highly intuitive and the other highly analytical.
intuitive = based on feeling or instinct rather than conscious reasoning

or:

easy to understand without training or study
Word Statistics
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 1000
Web Links
profound
as in:
profound sadness
Her apology was heartfelt—expressing profound sorrow and regret.
profound = of greatest intensity or emotional depth
Word Statistics
Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
algorithm
We wrote a computer algorithm to find words that would interest you.†
algorithm = a precise rule (or set of rules) specifying how to solve some problem
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
comprehend
I don't think she comprehends how dangerous this has become.
comprehends = fully understands
DefinitionGenerally comprehend means:
to understand something — especially to understand it completely
Word Statistics
Library19 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 100
Web Links
comprehensive
Her insurance includes comprehensive coverage.
comprehensive = including everything
DefinitionGenerally comprehensive means:
including everything or everything important
Word Statistics
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 1000
Web Links
rhetoric
She uses convincing rhetoric, but makes bad decisions.
rhetoric = the use of words to make a point
DefinitionGenerally rhetoric means:
the use of words to make a point

or more rarely:

study of the technique and rules for using language effectively (especially to persuade)
Word Statistics
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 1000
Web Links
disjunctive
a disjunctive cocktail of small talk and profundity†
disjunctive = lacking connection; or tending to divide or separate
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
acknowledge
She acknowledged that she might have forgotten.
acknowledged = admitted
DefinitionGenerally acknowledge means:
express recognition of someone or something; or admit something
Word Statistics
Library24 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 100
Web Links
construe
The executive branch does not construe the provision as requiring it to share additional information with Congress.
construe = interpret
DefinitionGenerally construe means:
to interpret something as having a specific meaning
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
trivial
We're in agreement on the main issues. We just have some trivial details to work out.
trivial = unimportant
DefinitionGenerally trivial means:
of little importance; or describing  a challenge as uninteresting and easy to solve
Word Statistics
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
deduce
She trusts only what she can measure or can deduce from measurement.
deduce = conclude by reasoning
DefinitionGenerally deduce means:
conclude by reasoning — especially reasoning from the general to the particular
Word Statistics
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 1000
Web Links
empiricism
John Locke is credited with explicitly formulating empiricism.†
empiricism = the doctrine that all knowledge is derived from experience
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
contend
as in:
She contended that...
Her lawyer contends that the contract isn't valid.
contends = claims or says
DefinitionGenerally this sense of contend means:
to claim that something is true
Word Statistics
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 500
Web Links
premise
as in:
the premise of the argument
Her logic is fine except that it assumes a false premise.
premise = something assumed to be true and upon which other things are based
Word Statistics
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
sophistry
Where facts failed her, she used sophistry.
sophistry = the use of seemingly believable, but invalid arguments that display ingenuity in reasoning
DefinitionGenerally sophistry means:
seemingly believable, but invalid arguments that display ingenuity in reasoning
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
ad hominem
She could see she was losing the debate, so she switched to an ad hominem argument.†
ad hominem argument = an argument that attacks the person rather than dealing with the real issue in dispute
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
begging the question
She is begging the question rather than responding to my objection.†
begging the question = a logical fallacy or error in reasoning when the conclusion of an argument is assumed in one of the premises

or another recent usage that is discouraged:

a way of saying that something "raises the question"  (usually used in the form, "begs the question")
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
reductio ad absurdum
Extend her premise to its logical outcome and it becomes a reductio ad absurdum since...†
reductio ad absurdum = a type of logical argument in which one assumes a claim for the sake of argument, derives an absurd outcome, and therefore concludes that the original assumption must have been wrong
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
straw man
She's effective at tearing down straw men, but let me ask about a real case.†
straw men = an argument attributed to one's opponent that is weaker than their actual argument
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
non sequitur
The story may sound like a non sequitur, but bear with me and you'll see how it shines light on the issue.†
non sequitur = something said that does not logically follow from what preceded it
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
circular reasoning
She's guilty of circular reasoning.†
circular reasoning = a logical fallacy or error in reasoning when the conclusion of an argument is assumed in one of the premises
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
red herring
I think she raised the issue as a red herring.†
red herring = any diversion intended to distract attention from the main issue
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
a priori
unfounded a priori claims†
a priori = knowledge that is assumed to be true without proof (independent of experience)
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
a posteriori
Most research dollars are spent on a posteriori treatment rather than on prevention.†
a posteriori = knowledge dependent upon experience
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
derive
She likes to win, but she doesn't derive pleasure from watching others lose.
derive = get
DefinitionGenerally derive means:
to get something from something else

(If the context doesn't otherwise indicate where something came from, it is generally from reasoning—especially deductive reasoning.)
Word Statistics
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 1000
Web Links
derivative
a highly derivative prose style
derivative = something developed from something else
DefinitionGenerally derivative means:
something developed from something else such as:
  • a word based on another word
  • a mathematical value from a function
  • the value of a financial instrument
  • a work of art such as a film or painting that lacks ideas not previously expressed in other works of art
Word Statistics
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®top 1000
Web Links
diffuse
When the United States focused on terrorism, the movement went further underground and became more diffuse.
diffuse = spread out
DefinitionGenerally diffuse means:
to spread; or to soften or calm

or:

to be spread out (not concentrated) — sometimes implying a lack or organization or the use of too many words
Word Statistics
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
perspicuous
They debated over the perspicuity of the translation.†
perspicuity = (of language) clearly expressed so that it is easily understood
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
intension
Your argument depends upon an intension of the concept well beyond what the real world will ever see.†
intension = any property or quality connoted by a word or symbol — often implied by its definition
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
a fortiori
His argument is against using illegal drugs, and a fortiori heroin.†
a fortiori = with greater reason
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
tautology
2 meanings

a linguistic tautology
It is an intentional tautology as when Gertrude Stein said "A rose is a rose is a rose."
tautology = useless repetition in different words (such as "unmarried bachelor")
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links

a logical tautology
She didn't proved anything. It's a tautology to propose as a premise that "All men are pigs," and that "Bob is therefore a pig because he's a man." The "proof" is in the premise—which is to say, there is no proof.
tautology = a statement that is necessarily true (such as "She will win the election or she won't.")
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
orthogonal
Wind and sea may displace the ship's center of gravity along three orthogonal axes.
orthogonal = meeting at right angles
DefinitionGenerally orthogonal means:
meeting at right angles

or:

unrelated; uncorrelated, or mutually exclusive
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
disjoint sets
The set of positive numbers and that of negative numbers, are disjoint sets.†
disjoint sets = sets that do not have any of the same elements
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
ceteris paribus
Raising the minimum wage will result, ceteris paribus, in fewer low paying jobs.†
ceteris paribus = other things being equal
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
Aristotelian logic
Your simple Aristotelian logic is not going to provide a clear answer because they are in both classes to a degree.†
Aristotelian logic = the syllogistic logic of Aristotle as developed in the Middle Ages as traditional or term logic

(made up of statements in one of four forms: "All A's are B's", "No A's are B's", "Some A's are B's", or "Some A's are not B's" such that conclusions can be proven based on premises; though proof of premises is beyond the logical system)
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
prisoner's dilemma
If we could trust each other, we could do better, but it was a prisoner's dilemma.†
prisoner's dilemma = game theory:  a situation where two people tend to select a sub-optimal outcome because they cannot trust each other
Word Statistics
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
Web Links
† 
Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
SAT® is a registered trademark of the College Board which is not affiliated with verbalworkout.com™ and does not endorse this site.