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vocabulary
1000+ books

100 Words Encountered in

Business

Other Interests
capital
She worked hard to raise capital to start their new company.
capital = cash (or more generally, material wealth — especially assets available for use in the production of further assets)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of capital means:
material wealth — especially assets available for use in the production of further assets
Word Statistics
Library17 uses in 10 avg bks
SATtop 1000
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migrant
Her parents were migrant farm workers.
migrant = moving from one place to another — often seasonally
DefinitionGenerally migrant means:
a person or animal that moves from one place to another — sometimes seasonally
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Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
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acquire
Children acquire language at an amazing rate.
acquire = obtain (come into the possession of something)
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Library16 uses in 10 avg bks
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personnel
the records of military personnel
personnel = the people expected to obey orders in an organization — such as employees of a firm or soldiers in the military
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Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
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indicate
These maps are drawn with north to the top unless otherwise indicated.
indicated = pointed out (shown)
DefinitionGenerally indicate means:
to show (point out, demonstrate, express, or suggest)
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Library36 uses in 10 avg bks
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assess
2 meanings
as in:
assess the situation
They assessed the property's value at $500,000.
assessed = considered and judged
DefinitionGenerally this sense of assess means:
consider something and make a judgment
Word Statistics
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
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as in:
assess a fee
The amount of property tax assessed depends upon the value of the property.
assessed = charge a tax, fine, or fee
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Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
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founder
The project foundered
foundered = failed
DefinitionGenerally this sense of founder means:
to fail or break-down

or:

to physically sink below the surface or fall
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Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
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scrutiny
She scrutinized her reflection in the mirror.
scrutinized = looked very carefully at
DefinitionGenerally scrutiny means:
careful examination of something
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Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
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initiate
4 meanings
as in:
initiate discussions
The study concluded that women initiate divorce more frequently than men.
initiate = begin the process of
DefinitionGenerally this sense of initiate means:
to cause (something) to begin
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Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
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as in:
initiate into the art of drumming
That weekend, she was initiated into the art of fly fishing.
initiated = introduced (did it for the first time)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of initiate means:
introduce to an activity or area of knowledge
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Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
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as in:
initiate into the fraternity
The photo is from the ceremony when she was initiated into the sorority.
initiated = accepted into the group in a special ceremony
DefinitionGenerally this sense of initiate means:
to accept someone's membership into an organization — typically in a ceremony — sometimes including a period of instruction and/or test
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Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
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as in:
She is a new initiate.
Initiates will be formally accepted and presented at the ceremony on Friday.
initiates = new members
DefinitionGenerally this sense of initiate means:
someone who has formally started in an organization, or been introduced to or attained some expertise in a particular field
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Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
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contract
as in:
legal contract
She signed the contract.
contract = a written agreement that is enforceable by law
DefinitionGenerally this sense of contract means:
an agreement - typically written and enforceable by law
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Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
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uniform
A diverse committee will provide a better solution than a committee that is uniform.
uniform = the same (does not vary)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of uniform means:
consistent (the same in some way)
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Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
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confront
You must confront your problems.
confront = deal directly with an unpleasant situation
DefinitionGenerally confront means:
to deal directly with an unpleasant situation or person

or:

to challenge someone — often by presenting evidence
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Library21 uses in 10 avg bks
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speculate
philosophers have speculated on the question of God for thousands of years
speculated = thought and guessed without certainty
DefinitionGenerally this sense of speculate means:
to guess without certainty

or:

to think about or consider something

or (more rarely):

to risk money in a financial venture
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Library13 uses in 10 avg bks
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speculative
I'm too old to invest in speculative business enterprises.
speculative = uncertain — especially in reference to a profit-making investment or venture
DefinitionGenerally this sense of speculative means:
uncertain — especially in reference to a profit-making investment or venture

or:

inclined to guess and think about subjects where there is no certainty
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Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
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capitalism
Capitalism has helped to move millions of people out of poverty.
capitalism = an economic system based on private ownership of property and businesses, and on voluntary exchange in a competitive environment
DefinitionGenerally capitalism means:
an economic system based on private ownership of property and businesses, and on voluntary exchange in a competitive environment — with the belief that voluntary exchanges harness inborn self-interest in millions of decisions that benefit society
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Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
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monetary
I don't do this job for monetary reward.
monetary = money
DefinitionGenerally monetary means:
relating to or involving money

or:

relating to a nation's money supply
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Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
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mean
We have a mean annual rainfall of 23 inches.
mean = average
DefinitionGenerally this sense of mean means:
an average of n numbers computed by dividing the sum of the numbers by n; for example, 3 for the numbers 1,2, and 6

= (1+2+6) / 3
= 9 / 3
= 3
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Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
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assets
2 meanings
as in:
it's one of her best assets
The University is one of the city's greatest assets.
assets = positive traits or things of value
DefinitionGenerally this sense of assets means:
any positive trait or thing of value
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Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
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as in:
the company's assets
The company has strong assets and a good credit history, so the bank will loan them money at a low interest rate.
assets = the cash value that an accountant would place on things that are owned; or the things of value
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Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
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liabilities
as in:
she is a liability to our cause
Her temper is her main liability. She hasn't learned to control angry attacks at anyone who disagrees with her.
liability = any negative trait or thing that creates a problem
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Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
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approximate
The state has approximately as many Republicans as Democrats.
approximately = about (but not exactly)
DefinitionGenerally approximate means:
almost, but not exact; or similar
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Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
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concise
She deducts points if the paper is not concise enough.
concise = expressing much in few words
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Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
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default
as in:
defaulted on their loan
If I don't sell my home, I'll have to default on my loan.
default = not make the payments
DefinitionGenerally this sense of default means:
failing to meet a financial obligation—such as making a monthly payment on a debt
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Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
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appreciate
as in:
We hope our home will appreciate
The home appreciated in value.
appreciated = increased in value
DefinitionGenerally this sense of appreciate means:
to increase in value
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Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
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dominate
The defending World Champions dominated their unranked opponent.
dominated = controlled
DefinitionGenerally dominate means:
to control; or to be most influential, powerful, or conspicuous
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Library14 uses in 10 avg bks
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stock
She bought Google stock before it doubled in value.
stock = shares of ownership of a corporation
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Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
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bond
as in:
the bond market
US Bonds are considered vary safe, but they will go down in value when interest rates rise.
bonds = certificates to repay a loan that are issued by a government or corporation
DefinitionGenerally this sense of bond means:
a certificate issued by a government or corporation that promises to repay a debt  in return for a loan
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Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
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aggregate
2 meanings
as in:
the aggregate effect
Aggregate expenses include expenses of all the divisions of our company for the entire year.
aggregate = combined (quantities of different, but related things)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of aggregate means:
the combination of different, but related, things; or relating to such a thing
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Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
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as in:
he aggregated them
We need to aggregate the data from all sources.
aggregate = the act of combining different, but related quantities or things
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coefficient
as in:
coefficient of thermal expansion
Determine the coefficient of friction between the two objects.
coefficient = physics:  a constant number that serves as a measure of some property or characteristic (such as the coefficient of thermal expansion)
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Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
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component
It has only three major components.
components = parts
DefinitionGenerally component means:
a part of something
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Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
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paradigm
We have incompatible paradigms.
paradigms = conceptual models
DefinitionGenerally paradigm means:
a conceptual model; or a standard example
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Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
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ratio
The ratio of the 2nd to 4th finger length predicts spatial ability in men.
ratio = the relative magnitudes of two quantities — often expressed as a:b (which could also be expressed as the fraction a/b)
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Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
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reconcile
as in:
reconciled their differences
She reconciled her checking account statement.
reconciled = brought into agreement (in this case, the statement from the bank with the record she kept in her check register)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of reconcile means:
to bring into agreement

(see word notes for more detailed definitions based on context)
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Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
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flexible
The job has flexible working hours.
flexible = adaptable to different conditions
DefinitionGenerally flexible means:
bendable or adaptable in various senses:
  • easily bent without physical damage or injury — as of a hose or gymnast
  • able to adjust readily to different conditions — as of a plan
  • willing to make concessions — as of a boss
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Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
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essential
The essential feature of the pen is that it writes so consistently.
essential = absolutely necessary; or of greatest importance
DefinitionGenerally essential means:
absolutely necessary; or of the greatest importance

or:

the defining or most important aspect of something
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Library19 uses in 10 avg bks
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relevant
It is easier to learn things that seem relevant to your life.
relevant = related in a meaningful way to the issue in question
DefinitionGenerally relevant means:
relating in a meaningful way to the issue in question
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Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
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innovate
Apple is considered one of the most innovative companies.
innovative = introducing things that are new and different
DefinitionGenerally innovate means:
bring something new to an environment
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Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
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constraint
Both sides have demonstrated a lack of constraint in the discussions.
constraint = staying within limits (in this case restraining themselves from saying things that make it hard to work together)
DefinitionGenerally constraint means:
something that limits something's motion or someone's actions; or the state of being so limited
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Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
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criteria
We're considering five primary criteria as we compare job applicants.
criteria = reference points against which things can be evaluated
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franchise
as in:
franchise business
She saved for years and then purchased a franchise that sells sandwiches.
franchise = a right granted by one organization to another — most frequently the right of a small company to do business under the brand name and systems of a larger company (as when a local McDonalds restaurant is owned by an individual rather than the McDonalds Corporation)
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Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
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insight
The book is full of insight on human nature.
insight = clear understanding of some aspects of a complex situation
DefinitionGenerally insight means:
a clear understanding of some aspect of a complex situation; or a tendency to have such understandings
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Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
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flourish
as in:
the business is flourishing
The children are flourishing.
flourishing = thriving (growing or developing well)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of flourish means:
to thrive (grow or develop well)
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Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
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compelling
The evidence is compelling.
compelling = very interesting; or convincing
DefinitionGenerally compelling means:
very interesting; or convincing — possibly leading to action

or more rarely:  a force for action
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Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
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diversify
They worked hard to diversify the student body.
diversify = to make more varied
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Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
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bankrupt
2 meanings
as in:
company went bankrupt
If we don't control spending, we'll go bankrupt.
bankrupt = legally declared to be unable to pay money that is owed

or (informally):  the state of having little or no money
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Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
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as in:
bankrupt idea
It is a bankrupt approach to solving the problem.
bankrupt = without value
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Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
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liable
as in:
is legally liable
She was drunk and liable for the death of the other driver.
liable = held legally responsible
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Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
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comprised
The university is comprised of six colleges.
comprised = made up of (composed of)
DefinitionGenerally comprised means:
made up of (composed of); or included
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Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
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remuneration
It was inadequate remuneration to make up for his expenses.
remuneration = payment
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Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
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defer
as in:
deferred the decision
The weather forced us to defer our departure another day.
defer = postpone or delay
DefinitionGenerally this sense of defer means:
postpone (hold off until a later time)
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Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
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harmonious
as in:
soothing, harmonious music
The changes created a more harmonious melody.
harmonious = pleasing — especially of music or sound
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Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
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demographics
Based upon its demographics and the traffic patterns, the neighborhood should support another fast-food restaurant.
demographics = characteristics
DefinitionGenerally demographics means:
characteristics of a human populations; e.g., population density and income distribution
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Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
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procure
She said the Air Force lacks the funds to procure maintenance equipment it needs.
procure = get by special effort
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Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
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inquire
Students should contact our office to inquire about scholarship opportunities.
inquire = ask about or look into
DefinitionGenerally inquire means:
to ask about or look into something
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Library20 uses in 10 avg bks
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derive
She likes to win, but she doesn't derive pleasure from watching others lose.
derive = get
DefinitionGenerally derive means:
to get something from something else

(If the context doesn't otherwise indicate where something came from, it is generally from reasoning—especially deductive reasoning.)
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Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
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derivative
a highly derivative prose style
derivative = something developed from something else
DefinitionGenerally derivative means:
something developed from something else such as:
  • a word based on another word
  • a mathematical value from a function
  • the value of a financial instrument
  • a work of art such as a film or painting that lacks ideas not previously expressed in other works of art
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Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
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mortality
His death made me aware of my own mortality.
mortality = the state of being subject to death (i.e., being mortal)
DefinitionGenerally mortality means:
the quality of being mortal (subject to death)

or:

death rate — often given per 1,000 people per year
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Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
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notwithstanding
Notwithstanding my fear, I want to try parachuting from an airplane.
notwithstanding = in spite of (In this case, my fear does not withstand my desire to try parachuting. My desire is stronger than my fear.) (used to connect contrasting ideas)
DefinitionGenerally notwithstanding means:
in spite of; or in spite of the thing mentioned
(Used to connect contrasting ideas. Other synonyms could include words and phrases such as nevertheless, nonetheless, all the same, still,  and however.)
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Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
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compensate
as in:
she is generously compensated
The company has offered to compensate everyone impacted by the defective cars.
compensate = make payment to
DefinitionGenerally this sense of compensate means:
to make payment to someone (often in amends for a loss or inconvenience they suffered)
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Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
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anxiety
She suffers from more than the usual pre-test anxiety.
anxiety = nervousness or worry
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Library20 uses in 10 avg bks
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deduction
as in:
deduction from the bill
There was a 10 point deduction because the paper was late.
deduction = an amount subtracted from another amount
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Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
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interpolate
2 meanings
as in:
interpolate the data
If a straight line crosses through 2, 4, and 8, we can interpolate that it passes through 6.
interpolate = estimates a value that lies between two known values

or in digital imaging:  adding pixels (dots or resolution) to an image based upon examination of surrounding pixels
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Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
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as in:
interpolate the manuscript
The bracketed line on that page of the Odyssey is thought by some to be an interpolation added long ago.
interpolation = to insert words into texts — often falsifying it
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nominal dollars
She is exaggerating her point by using nominal dollars in the graph.
nominal dollars = dollars that are not adjusted for inflation
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contingent liability
The contingent liability is not on the balance sheet, but it is mentioned in the footnotes.
contingent liability = a legal obligation to perform some action (such as pay money) in the event that something (probably unexpected) happens
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fungible
The contract specifies that the oil is fungible and any sweet crude can be substituted.
fungible = a commodity that is freely interchangeable with another of like kind
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compensatory damages
They were ordered to pay compensatory damages of $10,000.
compensatory damages = money or actions ordered by a court to make amends for losses of an injured party
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principal-agent problem
The legislation is intended to reduce the principal-agent problem in our industry.
principal-agent problem = the difficulties that arise because an agent (who makes decisions for a principal) has incentives or objectives that differ from those of the principal
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imply
She wouldn't make a direct statement, but she implied that she supported our position.
implied = hinted or suggested
DefinitionGenerally imply means:
to suggest or say indirectly — possibly as a logical consequence
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Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
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accentuate
It's a difficult situation, but she accentuates the positive and does not get overwhelmed.
accentuates = emphasizes
DefinitionGenerally accentuate means:
to emphasize or draw attention to
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accolade
The Heisman Trophy is the highest accolade in college football.
accolade = an award or public praise
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acerbic
I appreciate her fine mind, but find her humor a bit acerbic.
acerbic = sour; or harsh
DefinitionGenerally acerbic means:
clever or funny, but also harsh or cruel
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adage
Remember the old adage: "It's not how much you earn; it's how much you save."
adage = saying
DefinitionGenerally adage means:
An old saying considered wise by many; e.g., "Actions speak louder than words."
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advent
2 meanings
as in:
the advent of
the advent of the computer
advent = an arrival (especially of an important event or invention)
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as in:
it is Advent
Christians began celebrating Advent in the fourth century.
Advent = Christianity:  the period that includes the four Sundays preceding Christmas
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alacrity
She completed each assignment with alacrity.
alacrity = quickness; and/or cheerful eagerness
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alleviate
Regular massage will help to alleviate the pain.
alleviate = to lessen something that is bad — especially to lessen pain
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altruism
She is known for her kindness, compassion, and altruism.
altruism = unselfish concern for the welfare of others
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ambiguous
Her answer was ambiguous.
ambiguous = unclear — because there could be two or more interpretations
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amble
The elderly couple likes to amble along the beach at sunset.
amble = to walk leisurely
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amortize
The loan is amortized over 10 years.
amortized = to reduce gradually — usually a debt or the cost of an asset
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Amsterdam
Although the constitution of the Netherlands makes Amsterdam the offical country capital, the national government actually meats in the country's third largest city, The Hague.
Amsterdam = largest city of the Netherlands
DefinitionGenerally Amsterdam means:
largest city of the Netherlands; known for its canals, museums, and multiculturalism
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appraise
2 meanings
as in:
appraised value of
The interest rate is higher if we borrow over 80% of the home's appraised value.
appraised = to place a value on or judge the worth of something
DefinitionGenerally this sense of appraise means:
place a value on or judge the worth of something
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Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
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as in:
appraise the situation
He appraised the situation carefully before acting
appraised = evaluate (consider in a comprehensive way)
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appropriate
2 meanings
as in:
it is appropriate
These clothes aren't appropriate for work.
appropriate = suitable (fitting) for a particular situation
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as in:
appropriated the
The money has been appropriated, but it hasn't been spent yet.
appropriated = given or assigned for a particular use
DefinitionGenerally this sense of appropriate means:
give, assign, or seize a resource — usually for a particular use
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Library9 uses in 10 avg bks
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aptitude
Hyde's study indicates that girls and boys have the same aptitude for math.
aptitude = natural ability
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arable
The government nationalized all arable land.
arable = of farmland:  capable of being farmed productively
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articulate
He is thoughtful and articulate.
articulate = has the ability to clearly express things with words
DefinitionGenerally this sense of articulate means:
clearly expressed with words; or the act of or ability to clearly express with words
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Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
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audit
2 meanings
as in:
audit the books
The bank insists on seeing audited financial statements.
audited = having been examined carefully and verified by a licensed accountant
DefinitionGenerally this sense of audit means:
examine carefully for accuracy with the intent of verification — especially an inspection of a company's accounting procedures and records by a trained accountant
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as in:
audit the class
The class was full, but the professor allowed me to sit in the back and audit it.
audit = attend an academic course without getting credit
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augment
Our school district hired a new counselor to augment our college counseling service.
augment = enlarge or increase
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aversion
Our older staff tend to have an aversion to change.
aversion = dislike that leads to avoidance
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bellicose
She demonstrated a steady hand while negotiating with a typically bellicose North Korea.
bellicose = having or showing a tendency to fight
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bilingual
bilingual education
bilingual = using two languages
DefinitionGenerally bilingual means:
using two languages; or someone fluent in two languages
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