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The Aeneid
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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allay
3 uses
In fear of this, the Father of the Gods Confin'd their fury to those dark abodes, And lock'd 'cause safe within, oppress'd with mountain loads; Impos'd a king, with arbitrary sway, To loose their fetters, or their force allay.†
allay = reduce the intensity of or calm
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
denizen
1 use
Then thus th' almighty sire began: "Ye gods, Natives or denizens of blest abodes, From whence these murmurs, and this change of mind, This backward fate from what was first design'd?†
denizens = people or animals that inhabit or frequently visit a particular place
DefinitionGenerally denizen means:
a person or animal that inhabits or frequently visits a particular place
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 10
Web Links
descend
75 uses
Descending thence, I scape thro' foes and fire:
descending = moving or sloping downward
DefinitionGenerally descend means:
move or slope downward

or:

come from a higher or prior level in a hierarchy — as a person from an ancestor

or:

come or arrive — especially from above — such as night or darkness
Word Statistics
Book75 uses
Library32 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
desist
4 uses
Desist, my much-lov'd lord,'t indulge your pain; You bear no more than what the gods ordain.†
desist = to not do something
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 8
Web Links
despair
35 uses
Despairing of success, ambitious to be slain!
despairing = having lost hope
DefinitionGenerally despair means:
hopelessness
Word Statistics
Book35 uses
Library27 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useBook 2
Web Links
diligent
3 uses
The cheerful crew with diligence obey
diligence = hard work and care
DefinitionGenerally diligent means:
hard work and care in tasks — often continuing when others might quit because of difficulties
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
dissemble
9 uses
The grove itself resembles Ida's wood; And Simois seem'd the well-dissembled flood.†
dissembled = deceived (hid or disguised the truth without outright lying)
DefinitionGenerally dissemble means:
to deceive (hide or disguise the truth without outright lying)
Word Statistics
Book9 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 4
Web Links
dissent
2 uses
Let now your immature dissension cease;
Sit quiet, and compose your souls to peace.
dissension = disagreement
DefinitionGenerally dissent means:
to disagree; or disagreement or conflict — typically between people who cooperate, and often with official or majority beliefs
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 10
Web Links
diversify
1 use
A purple scarf, with gold embroider'd o'er, (Queen Dido's gift,) about his waist he wore; A sword, with glitt'ring gems diversified, For ornament, not use, hung idly by his side.†
diversified = made more varied
DefinitionGenerally diversify means:
to make more varied
Diversify is used to describe variation in some things so frequently that they can be implied by the general context without a need to state them explicitly — such as:
  • with regard to people — varying races, ethnicities, and genders
  • with regard to investments — varying types of investments
  • with regard to a company — varying sources of business
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useBook 4
Web Links
enjoin
3 uses
As Helenus enjoin'd, we next adore Diana's name, protectress of the shore.†
enjoin'd = to command someone to do (or not do) something
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 3
Web Links
expedient
1 use
This way and that he turns his anxious mind,
And all expedients tries, and none can find.
expedients = actions that are speedy or practical
DefinitionGenerally expedient means:
a practical action — especially one that accepts negative tradeoffs due to circumstances

or:

convenient, speedy, or practical
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 4
Web Links
fallacious
2 uses
But when Ulysses, with fallacious arts, Had made impression in the people's hearts, And forg'd a treason in my patron's name (I speak of things too far divulg'd by fame), My kinsman fell.†
fallacious = not correct
DefinitionGenerally fallacious means:
not correct
  • typically describing something as mistaken due to incorrect information or belief
  • sometimes describing something as an intentional lie
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
filial
5 uses
"Whither so fast?" the filial duty cried; "And why, ah why, the wish'd embrace denied?"†
filial = relating to the relationship of children to their parents
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 5
Web Links
guile
4 uses
His guileful father, sent a nightly spy,
guileful = cunning (shrewd, clever)
DefinitionGenerally guile means:
cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceitful
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
Web Links
imbibe
1 use
More various colors thro' his body run, Than Iris when her bow imbibes the sun.†
imbibes = takes in
DefinitionGenerally imbibe means:
to take in — especially to drink alcohol or be influenced by ideas
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 5
Web Links
presage
14 uses
Love the first motions of the lover hears, Quick to presage, and ev'n in safety fears.†
presage = serve as a sign of something about to happen — typically something bad
Word Statistics
Book14 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 5
Web Links
prudent
4 uses
The prudent Sibyl had before prepar'd
prudent = sensible and careful
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 2
Web Links
revere
3 uses
In pious reverence to the gods
reverence = feelings of deep respect and admiration — sometimes with a mixture of wonder and awe or fear
DefinitionGenerally revere means:
regard with feelings of deep respect and admiration — sometimes with a mixture of wonder and awe or fear
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 7
Web Links
satiate
1 use
...welcome winds arise, The watchful shepherd to the forest flies, And fires the midmost plants; contagion spreads, And catching flames infect the neighb'ring heads; Around the forest flies the furious blast, And all the leafy nation sinks at last, And Vulcan rides in triumph o'er the waste; The pastor, pleas'd with his dire victory, Beholds the satiate flames in sheets ascend the sky: So Pallas' troops their scatter'd strength unite, And, pouring on their foes, their prince delight.†
satiate = to satisfy a hunger; or fill to satisfaction (typically said of hunger for food, but can be said of anything desired—such as of knowledge or sensual pleasure)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useBook 10
Web Links
wretched
26 uses
O wretched countrymen!
wretched = unfortunate
DefinitionGenerally wretched means:
very bad
in various senses, including:
  • unfortunate or miserable — as in "wretched prisoners sleeping on the cold floor"
  • of poor quality — as in "wretched roads"
  • morally bad — as in "The wretched woman stole his wallet.
Word Statistics
Book26 uses
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useBook 1
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