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The Fountainhead
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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assume   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 23 uses
1  —5 uses as in:
I assume it's true
I assume she was at school today, but I don't remember actually seeing her.
assume = accept as true (without proof)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of assume means:
to accept something as true without proof
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library18 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 4.7
Web Links
2  —5 uses as in:
She assumed power
The dictator assumed control of the country at midnight this morning.
assumed = took (power)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of assume means:
beginning to take power or responsibility
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library18 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 1.6
Web Links
?  —13 uses
exact meaning not specified
or not quizzed
austere
9 uses
He took a vow of silence and leads an austere life at the monastery.
austere = lacking luxury (and stern)
DefinitionGenerally austere means:
a notable absence of luxury, comfort, or decoration

or:

of a person:  stern in manner; or practicing great self-denial
Word Statistics
Book9 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 2.2
Web Links
belligerent
4 uses
She spoke to her teacher in a belligerent tone and was sent to the office.
belligerent = hostile or combative
DefinitionGenerally belligerent means:
hostile (the attitude of one eager to fight); or one already engaged in a fight or war
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.15
Web Links
benevolent
10 uses
They called themselves The Benevolent Association because their mission was to help others.
benevolent = kind, generous, or charitable
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.3
Web Links
candid
3 uses
Don't worry about my feelings. I'd like your candid opinion.
candid = honest and direct
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 1.10
Web Links
complacent
2 uses
He had become complacent after years of success.
complacent = contented (unworried and satisfied) — often to a fault
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 1.14
Web Links
contrite
1 use
She apologized, but didn't seem genuinely contrite.
contrite = feeling sorrow or regret for a fault or offense
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4.10
Web Links
correspond   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 3 uses
1  —1 use as in:
corresponding by email
We correspond regularly via email.
correspond = write to each other
DefinitionGenerally this sense of correspond means:
communicate by writing letters or email
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.14
Web Links
2  —2 uses as in:
foreign correspondent of the paper
Let's get a report from our correspondent in Mexico City.
correspondent = reporter
DefinitionGenerally this sense of correspondent means:
a reporter — typically from a foreign country or with a particular expertise
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3.6
Web Links
depravity
9 uses
It is a terrible story of an innocent who trusted a man who treated her with ruthless depravity.
depravity = complete immorality or evilness
Word Statistics
Book9 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3.1
Web Links
deride
9 uses
Critics derided her as unprofessional.
derided = laughed at or made fun of—while showing a lack of respect
DefinitionGenerally deride means:
laugh at or make fun of—while showing a lack of respect
Word Statistics
Book9 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.3
Web Links
disparage
1 use
She has a reputation for disparaging the efforts of her co-workers.
disparaging = criticizing or making seem less important
DefinitionGenerally disparage means:
to criticize or make seem less important — especially in a disrespectful or contemptuous manner
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 4.10
Web Links
fastidious
12 uses
He is fastidious in his grooming.
fastidious = giving careful attention to detail

or:

excessively concerned with cleanliness or matters of taste
Word Statistics
Book12 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4.7
Web Links
guile
2 uses
Her cleverness and inventiveness was exceeded only by her guile.
guile = cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceit
DefinitionGenerally guile means:
cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceitful
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.15
Web Links
indifferent
60 uses
About a third are in favor of the change, a third are opposed, and a third are indifferent.
indifferent = without interest
DefinitionGenerally indifferent means:
without interest
in various senses, including:
  • unconcerned — as in "She is indifferent to what is served to eat."
  • unsympathetic — as in "She is indifferent to his needs."
  • not of good quality (which may imply average or poor quality depending upon context) — as in "an indifferent performance"
  • impartial — as in "We need a judge who is indifferent."
Word Statistics
Book60 uses
Library19 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.1
Web Links
inflexible
2 uses
They accused her of being stubborn and inflexible.
inflexible = unbending (not willing to compromise or make concessions)
DefinitionGenerally inflexible means:
not bendable or adaptable
in various senses, including:
  • not willing to compromise or make concessions — as when a boss says "Do it my way or you're fired."
  • not able to adjust well to different conditions — as of a schedule that cannot be changed
  • not easily bent without physical damage or injury — as of brittle steel or person with stiff joints
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.12
Web Links
ostentatious
8 uses
Although wealthy, the family is not ostentatious.
ostentatious = showy (trying to attract notice and impress others in a manner seen as in bad taste)
DefinitionGenerally ostentatious means:
intended to attract notice and impress others — especially with wealth in a vulgar way
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.4
Web Links
reticent
2 uses
She was reticent initially, but eventually she opened up.
reticent = reluctant — usually to speak freely
DefinitionGenerally reticent means:
reluctant — especially to speak freely
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1.10
Web Links
scrupulous
6 uses
You can count on her. She is scrupulous in her work.
scrupulous = careful to behave ethically and/or diligently
DefinitionGenerally scrupulous means:
careful to behave ethically and/or diligently (with great care and attention to detail)
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2.10
Web Links
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