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Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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acquiesce
1 use
no one has ever suffered such torments ... and yet even to these, habit brought ... a certain callousness of soul, a certain acquiescence of despair;
acquiescence = reluctant acceptance
DefinitionGenerally acquiesce means:
reluctant or unenthusiastic compliance, consent, or agreement
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10, p.107.31
Web Links
aversion
1 use
Even at that time, I had not yet conquered my aversion to the dryness of a life of study.
aversion = dislike that leads to avoidance
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 10, p.89.70
Web Links
convey
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
convey her safely to
"They have only differed on some point of science," he thought; and being a man of no scientific passions (except in the matter of conveyancing), he even added: "It is nothing worse than that!"†
conveyancing = transporting
DefinitionGenerally this sense of convey means:
transport
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2, p.14.28
Web Links
depravity
1 use
When I would come back from these excursions, I was often plunged into a kind of wonder at my vicarious depravity.
depravity = immorality

(editor's note:  Vicarious means experienced secondhand, so the last three words could be paraphrased as "my enjoyment at having seen such immoral behavior.")
DefinitionGenerally depravity means:
complete immorality or evilness
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10, p.91.45
Web Links
deride
1 use
And now, you who have so long been bound to the most narrow and material views, you who have denied the virtue of transcendental medicine, you who have derided your superiors— behold!
derided = laughed at or made fun of—while showing a lack of respect
DefinitionGenerally deride means:
laugh at or make fun of—while showing a lack of respect
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 9, p.80.17
Web Links
despondent
1 use
His terror of the gallows drove him continually to commit temporary suicide, and return to his subordinate station of a part instead of a person; but he loathed the necessity, he loathed the despondency into which Jekyll was now fallen, and he resented the dislike with which he was himself regarded.
despondency = depression
DefinitionGenerally despondent means:
emotionally depressed — especially a feeling of grief and hopelessness after a loss
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10, p.106.68
Web Links
duplicity
1 use
when I reached years of reflection, and began to look round me and take stock of my progress and position in the world, I stood already committed to a profound duplicity of life.
duplicity = deception — such as lying
DefinitionGenerally duplicity means:
deception (lying to or misleading others) — usually over an extended period
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10, p.82.77
Web Links
eccentric
1 use
The first was a will, drawn in the same eccentric terms as the one which he had returned six months before,
eccentric = unconventional or strange
DefinitionGenerally eccentric means:
unconventional or strange; or a person with such traits
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 8, p.67.47
Web Links
enigma
1 use
you speak enigmas
enigmas = things that are mysterious and seem unexplainable
DefinitionGenerally enigma means:
something mysterious that seems unexplainable
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 9, p.79.83
Web Links
florid
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
a florid style
Even on Sunday, when it veiled its more florid charms and lay comparatively empty of passage, the street shone out in contrast to its dingy neighbourhood, like a fire in a forest; and with its freshly painted shutters, well-polished brasses, and general cleanliness and gaiety of note, instantly caught and pleased the eye of the passenger.
florid = elaborate (decorative details)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of florid means:
elaborate (with much decorative detail)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1, p.3.40
Web Links
heresy
2 uses
"I incline to Cain's heresy," he used to say quaintly: "I let my brother go to the devil in his own way."
heresy = opinions or actions most people consider immoral

(editor's note:  Wikisource annotates this line as follows:  Cain's heresy..In the Biblical story of Cain and Abel, after murdering his brother, God asked Cain where he was. Cain replies, "Am I my brother's keeper?" This was, in fact, the heresy that Utterson refers to. Utterson means that his "sin" is that he doesn't get involved in the personal affairs of others. However, he eventually breaks this rule with Jekyll and Hyde.)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3, p.25.33
Web Links
induce
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
induce symptoms
Suppose it were as you suppose, supposing Dr. Jekyll to have been—well, murdered, what could induce the murderer to stay?
induce = cause
DefinitionGenerally this sense of induce means:
to cause something to arise or happen
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 8, p.56.15
Web Links
insidious
1 use
Henry Jekyll stood at times aghast before the acts of Edward Hyde; but the situation was apart from ordinary laws, and insidiously relaxed the grasp of conscience.
insidiously = in a dangerous, tricky manner
DefinitionGenerally insidious means:
not appearing dangerous, but actually very harmful over time

or:

treacherous  (dangerous due to trickery or from hidden or unpredictable risks)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10, p.91.75
Web Links
pedantic
4 uses
But I have been pedantically exact, as you call it.
pedantically = with too much concern for details or book learning
DefinitionGenerally pedantic means:
too concerned with formal rules, details, or book learning
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1, p.10.46
Web Links
pious
2 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
a good, pious woman
There were several books on a shelf; one lay beside the tea-things open, and Utterson was amazed to find it a copy of a pious work, for which Jekyll had several times expressed a great esteem, annotated, in his own hand, with startling blasphemies.
pious = religious or moral
DefinitionGenerally this sense of pious means:
religious or highly moral
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 8, p.66.62
Web Links
prudent
1 use
Nor must I delay too long to bring my writing to an end; for if my narrative has hitherto escaped destruction, it has been by a combination of great prudence and great good luck.
prudence = good sense and caution
DefinitionGenerally prudent means:
sensible and careful
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10, p.108.11
Web Links
resolute
1 use
Yes, I preferred the elderly and discontented doctor, surrounded by friends and cherishing honest hopes; and bade a resolute farewell to the liberty, the comparative youth, the light step, leaping impulses and secret pleasures, that I had enjoyed in the disguise of Hyde.
resolute = firm in purpose or belief
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10, p.96.70
Web Links
scrupulous
1 use
I took and furnished that house in Soho, to which Hyde was tracked by the police; and engaged as housekeeper a creature whom I well knew to be silent and unscrupulous.
unscrupulous = not moral

(editor's note:  The prefix "un-" in unscrupulous means not and reverses the meaning of scrupulous. This is the same pattern you see in words like unhappy, unknown, and unlucky.)
DefinitionGenerally scrupulous means:
careful to behave ethically and/or diligently (with great care and attention to detail)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10, p.90.25
Web Links
stringent
2 uses
but professional honour and faith to his dead friend were stringent obligations;
stringent = demanding
DefinitionGenerally stringent means:
demanding strict attention to detailed rules and procedures
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 6, p.47.22
Web Links
usurp
1 use
This was the shocking thing; that the slime of the pit seemed to utter cries and voices; that the amorphous dust gesticulated and sinned; that what was dead, and had no shape, should usurp the offices of life.
usurp = seize or take control without authority
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 10, p.106.29
Web Links
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