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Metamorphosis
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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aggrieve
1 use
But his mother was to be punished still more for what she had done, as hardly had his sister arrived home in the evening than she noticed the change in Gregor's room and, highly aggrieved, ran back into the living room where, despite her mothers raised and imploring hands, she broke into convulsive tears.
aggrieved = upset (by bad treatment)
DefinitionGenerally aggrieve means:
feeling harmed by unfair treatment; or (more rarely) harming someone unfairly
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1st usePart 3
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austere
1 use
Meanwhile the day had become much lighter; part of the endless, grey-black building on the other side of the street - which was a hospital - could be seen quite clearly with the austere and regular line of windows piercing its facade;
austere = notable for absence of luxury, comfort, or decoration
DefinitionGenerally austere means:
a notable absence of luxury, comfort, or decoration

or:

of a person:  stern in manner; or practicing great self-denial
Word Statistics
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Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SATtop 1000
1st usePart 1
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caustic
1 use
some kind of caustic medicine splashed all over him;
caustic = harsh feeling (burning or corrosive)
DefinitionGenerally caustic means:
of a chemical substance:  corrosive; capable of destroying or eating away such as a strong acid

or:

of a person:  sarcastic, critical, or harsh
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compelling
1 use
...sucking greedily at the cheese which had immediately, almost compellingly, attracted him much more than the other foods on the newspaper.
compellingly = in a manner that could not be resisted
DefinitionGenerally compelling means:
very interesting; or convincing — possibly leading to action

or more rarely:  a force for action
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 2
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conservatory
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
music conservatory
Unlike him, she was very fond of music and a gifted and expressive violinist, it was his secret plan to send her to the conservatory next year...
conservatory = school for music
DefinitionGenerally this sense of conservatory means:
a school specializing in one of the fine arts — especially music, dance, or drama
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construe
1 use
Gregor would sometimes catch a friendly comment, or at least a comment that could be construed as friendly.
construed = interpreted
DefinitionGenerally construe means:
to interpret something as having a specific meaning
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copious
1 use
his attention was suddenly caught by the picture ... of the lady dressed in copious fur.
copious = abundant (large)
DefinitionGenerally copious means:
abundant (large in quantity or number)
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diligent
2 uses
once the difficulty has been removed, he will certainly work with all the more diligence and concentration.
diligence = hard work and care
DefinitionGenerally diligent means:
hard work and care in tasks — often continuing when others might quit because of difficulties
Word Statistics
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Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 2
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disconcerting
1 use
... asked the middle of the three gentlemen somewhat disconcerted,
disconcerted = disturbed or unsettled
DefinitionGenerally disconcerting means:
disrupt composure — such as to confuse or worry
Word Statistics
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Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 3
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disheveled
1 use
Gregor's mother, her hair still dishevelled from bed despite the chief clerk's being there, looked at his father.
dishevelled = messy
DefinitionGenerally disheveled means:
messy (untidy or disordered) — especially of a person's clothes and hair
Word Statistics
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Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 1
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glower
1 use
"Gregor!" shouted his sister, glowering at him and shaking her fist.
glowering = staring angrily
DefinitionGenerally glower means:
to stare angrily
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 2
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importune
1 use
Then, however much mother and sister would importune him with little reproaches and warnings he would keep slowly shaking his head for a quarter of an hour with his eyes closed and refusing to get up.
importune = beg persistently and urgently
DefinitionGenerally importune means:
beg insistently or urge repeatedly
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insistent
2 uses
...the others were being so insistent, and he was curious to learn what they would say when they caught sight of him. If they were shocked then it would no longer be Gregor's responsibility and he could rest.
insistent = demanding
DefinitionGenerally insistent means:
persistent or continuing or firm — especially in maintaining a view or demanding something
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library10 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 1
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lethargic
1 use
Long after he had finished eating and lay lethargic in the same place, his sister...
lethargic = without energy
DefinitionGenerally lethargic means:
lacking energy
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 2
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monogram
1 use
He took his cap, with its gold monogram from, probably, some bank, and threw it in an arc right across the room onto the sofa,
monogram = design of alphabetic letters
DefinitionGenerally monogram means:
a design based on alphabetic letters (usually a person's initials) — often printed on stationery or embroidered (made with sewing stiches) on clothing
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1st usePart 2
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resolve
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
Her resolve weakened.
Gregor went and waited immediately by the door, resolved either to bring the timorous visitor into the room in some way or at least to find out who it was;
resolved = having firmly decided
DefinitionGenerally this sense of resolve means:
firmness of purpose (strong determination to do something)
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SATtop 1000
1st usePart 2
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ruminate
1 use
He remained in this state of empty and peaceful rumination until he heard the clock tower strike three in the morning.
rumination = thinking again and again about something
DefinitionGenerally ruminate means:
to think again and again about something
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 3
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simultaneous
1 use
Mr. and Mrs. Samsa were struck, almost simultaneously, with the thought of how their daughter was blossoming into a well built and beautiful young lady.
simultaneously = at the same time
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
SATtop 1000
1st usePart 3
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superfluous
1 use
For this reason, many things had become superfluous which, although they could not be sold, the family did not wish to discard.
superfluous = unnecessary
DefinitionGenerally superfluous means:
more than is needed, desired, or required
Word Statistics
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1st usePart 3
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timorous
1 use
Gregor went and waited immediately by the door, resolved either to bring the timorous visitor into the room in some way or at least to find out who it was;
timorous = timid
DefinitionGenerally timorous means:
timid (fearful) or shy
Word Statistics
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Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
1st usePart 2
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