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Dubliners
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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abstract
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
abstract thought
She respected her husband in the same way as she respected the General Post Office, as something large, secure and fixed; and though she knew the small number of his talents she appreciated his abstract value as a male.
abstract = of a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance

(editor's note:  This book also uses abstracted twice in a sense that is seldom seen outside of classic literature. In that sense it means "lost in thought" or "made to be lost in thought". Here is one of the examples from this book: "His imagination had so abstracted him that his name was called twice before he answered.")
DefinitionGenerally this sense of abstract means:
of a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance

or more rarely:

describing someone as distracted — thinking about something outside of the immediate conversation or circumstances
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 13
Web Links
decorum
1 use
Even he was sensible of the decorous atmosphere and even he began to respond to the religious stimulus.
decorous = manners and conduct considered to be proper and in good taste
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 14
Web Links
deride
1 use
Gazing up into the darkness I saw myself as a creature driven and derided by vanity; and my eyes burned with anguish and anger.
derided = laughed at or made fun of
DefinitionGenerally deride means:
laugh at or make fun of—while showing a lack of respect
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
exemplar
1 use
He designed to give them a word of counsel, setting before them as exemplars in the religious life those very worshippers of...
exemplars = examples — especially those represents the ideal
DefinitionGenerally exemplar means:
an example — especially one that represents the ideal
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 14
Web Links
grave
8 uses
She nodded her head gravely.
gravely = in a serious and solemn manner
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn
The exact meaning of this sense of grave can depend upon its context. For example:
  • "This is a grave problem," or "a situation of the utmost gravity." — important, dangerous, or causing worry
  • "She was in a grave mood upon returning from the funeral." — sad or solemn
  • "She looked me in the eye and gravely promised." — in a sincere and serious manner
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
haughty
1 use
She tossed her head and assumed a haughty voice: "You must speak to the secretary."
haughty = arrogant or condescending (acting superior or self-important)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 13
Web Links
incessant
1 use
Through one of the broken panes I heard the rain impinge upon the earth, the fine incessant needles of water playing in the sodden beds.
incessant = continuous
DefinitionGenerally incessant means:
continuous — often in an annoying way
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
morose
1 use
Though his eyes took note of many elements of the crowd through which he passed they did so morosely. He found trivial all that was meant to charm him and did not answer the glances which invited him to be bold. He knew that he would have to speak a great deal, to invent and to amuse and his brain and throat were too dry for such a task.
morosely = unhappily — often with a withdrawn personality
DefinitionGenerally morose means:
unhappy — often with a withdrawn personality
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
notorious
1 use
Rapid motion through space elates one; so does notoriety; so does the possession of money.
notoriety = being famous for something bad
DefinitionGenerally notorious means:
well known for something bad
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
novel
1 use
The porter took up his candle again, but slowly, for he was surprised by such a novel idea.†
novel = new and original
DefinitionGenerally this sense of novel means:
new and original — typically something considered good
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 15
Web Links
obstinate
1 use
Beyond the river he saw a goods train winding out of Kingsbridge Station, like a worm with a fiery head winding through the darkness, obstinately and laboriously.
obstinately = stubbornly (unyielding)
DefinitionGenerally obstinate means:
stubbornly not doing what others want
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 11
Web Links
orthodox
1 use
Only sometimes, they say, he didn't preach what was quite orthodox.
orthodox = what is commonly accepted
DefinitionGenerally orthodox means:
thinking and behavior that is (or was) commonly accepted
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 14
Web Links
penitent
1 use
He ran as if to bring me aid. And I was penitent; for in my heart I had always despised him a little.
penitent = feeling sorrow for having done wrong
DefinitionGenerally penitent means:
feeling or expressing sorrow for having done wrong; or a person who does such
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
remonstrate
1 use
His father, remonstrative, but covertly proud of the excess, had paid his bills and brought him home.
remonstrative = expressed disapproval

(editor's note:  Covertly is a synonym for secretly.)
DefinitionGenerally remonstrate means:
argue in protest or opposition
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
scrupulous
1 use
"He was too scrupulous always," she said.
scrupulous = careful to behave ethically and/or diligently
DefinitionGenerally scrupulous means:
careful to behave ethically and/or diligently (with great care and attention to detail)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
scrutiny
1 use
his eyes made a swift anxious scrutiny of the young woman's appearance.
scrutiny = careful examination
DefinitionGenerally scrutiny means:
careful examination of something
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library10 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
servile
1 use
A shade of mockery relieved the servility of his manner.
...
"There's nothing to touch a good slavey," he affirmed.
servility = submissiveness
DefinitionGenerally servile means:
submissive — typically excessively so (so submissive or eager to serve and please that one seems to have no self-respect)

or:

relating to the work that requires obeying demeaning commands

or:

slave-like or relating to slaves
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
timorous
1 use
He told her that for some time he had assisted at the meetings of an Irish Socialist Party where.... The workmen's discussions, he said, were too timorous;
timorous = timid (fearful)
DefinitionGenerally timorous means:
timid (fearful) or shy
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 11
Web Links
trepidation
1 use
A certain pride mingled with his parents' trepidation,
trepidation = fear or anxiety about what will happen
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
zeal
1 use
Jimmy, under generous influences, felt the buried zeal of his father wake to life within him:
zeal = enthusiasm
DefinitionGenerally zeal means:
active interest and enthusiasm
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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