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A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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allay
2 uses
This furious music allayed his dread and, leaning against the windowledge, he let his eyelids close again.†
allayed = reduced the intensity of or calmed
DefinitionGenerally allay means:
reduce the intensity of or calm
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
benevolent
2 uses
I must go, he said softly and benevolently,
benevolently = kindly
DefinitionGenerally benevolent means:
kind, generous, or charitable
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
cease
15 uses
His soul, stifling and helpless, would cease to be.
cease = to stop or discontinue
Word Statistics
Book15 uses
Library25 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
clergy
2 uses
The church is not the stone building nor even the clergy and their dogmas.
clergy = formal religious leaders (typically in Christianity)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
copious
2 uses
In a dark corner of the chapel at the gospel side of the altar a stout old lady knelt amid her copious black skirts.†
copious = abundant (large in quantity or number)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
desist
2 uses
But his brain had then refused to grapple with the theme and, desisting, he had covered the page with the names and addresses of certain of his classmates: Roderick Kickham John Lawton Anthony MacSwiney Simon Moonan Now it seemed as if he would fail again but, by dint of brooding on the incident, he thought himself into confidence.†
desisting = stopping
DefinitionGenerally desist means:
to not do something
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
establish
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
establish a positive tone
Instead the vital wave had carried him on its bosom out of himself and back again when it receded: and no part of body or soul had been maimed but a dark peace had been established between them.†
established = created
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
create, start, or set in [a] place
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library21 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
filial
2 uses
He had known neither the pleasure of companionship with others nor the vigour of rude male health nor filial piety.†
filial = relating to the relationship of children to their parents
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
grave
11 uses
It was a grave and ordered and passionless life that awaited him, a life without material cares.
grave = serious and solemn
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn
The exact meaning of this sense of grave can depend upon its context. For example:
  • "This is a grave problem," or "a situation of the utmost gravity." — important, dangerous, or causing worry
  • "She was in a grave mood upon returning from the funeral." — sad or solemn
  • "She looked me in the eye and gravely promised." — in a sincere and serious manner
Word Statistics
Book11 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
guile
2 uses
her young blue eyes seemed to him at that instant images of guilelessness,
guilelessness = openness (lack of cunning; i.e., not deceitful or shrewd)
DefinitionGenerally guile means:
cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceitful
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
indifferent
7 uses
a cold indifferent knowledge of himself
indifferent = without interest
DefinitionGenerally indifferent means:
without interest
in various senses, including:
  • unconcerned — as in "She is indifferent to what is served to eat."
  • unsympathetic — as in "She is indifferent to his needs."
  • not of good quality (which may imply average or poor quality depending upon context) — as in "an indifferent performance"
  • impartial — as in "We need a judge who is indifferent."
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library19 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
iniquity
2 uses
He had felt a subtle, dark, and murmurous presence penetrate his being and fire him with a brief iniquitous lust: it, too, had slipped beyond his grasp leaving his mind lucid and indifferent.†
iniquitous = immorality; or an immoral act
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
kinetic
3 uses
The feelings excited by improper art are kinetic, desire or loathing.†
kinetic = characterized by motion
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
loathe
10 uses
Desire urges us to possess, to go to something; loathing urges us to abandon, to go from something.
loathing = disgust or intense dislike
DefinitionGenerally loathe means:
detest or intensely dislike
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library10 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
mockery
13 uses
The catcalls and hisses and mocking cries ran in rude gusts round the hall from his scattered fellow students.
mocking = ridiculing (making fun of)
DefinitionGenerally mockery means:
ridicule (to make fun of)

or:

something so inadequate it is ridiculous (silly)
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library30 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
peasant
13 uses
peasants greeted them along the roads in the country;
peasants = people of low income, education, and social standing — especially those who raise crops or livestock

(editor's note:  The term, peasants is seldom used today except perhaps in relation to a very poor country.)
DefinitionGenerally peasant means:
used historically or possibly in relation to a very poor country:  a person of low income, education, and social standing — especially one who raises crops or livestock
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
prudent
3 uses
Zeal without prudence is like a ship adrift.
prudence = good sense

(editor's note:  zeal is enthusiasm)
DefinitionGenerally prudent means:
sensible and careful
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
revere
3 uses
He listened in reverent silence now to the priest's appeal
reverent = with feelings of deep respect, wonder and awe
DefinitionGenerally revere means:
regard with feelings of deep respect and admiration — sometimes with a mixture of wonder and awe or fear
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
torment
21 uses
Consider finally that the torment of this infernal prison is increased by the company of the damned themselves.
torment = great suffering
DefinitionGenerally torment means:
to cause or to experience great mental or physical suffering
Word Statistics
Book21 uses
Library18 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
zeal
2 uses
Zeal without prudence is like a ship adrift.
zeal = enthusiasm

(editor's note:  prudence is the use of good sense)
DefinitionGenerally zeal means:
active interest and enthusiasm
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
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Sample usage followed by this mark was not checked by an editor. Please let us know if you spot a problem.
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