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A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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allay
2 uses
They have tried to allay fears by saying their weapons are of a defensive nature.
allay = reduced the intensity of
DefinitionGenerally allay means:
reduce the intensity of or calm
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
benevolent
2 uses
They called themselves The Benevolent Association because their mission was to help others.
benevolent = kind, generous, or charitable
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
cease
15 uses
They signed a cease-fire agreement.
cease = to stop or discontinue (in this case, to stop firing weapons at each other)
DefinitionGenerally cease means:
to stop or discontinue
Word Statistics
Book15 uses
Library25 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
clergy
2 uses
Under labor law, the clergy can be required to uphold the beliefs of the religion they have chosen.
clergy = formal religious leaders (typically in Christianity)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
copious
2 uses
She took copious notes.
copious = a lot of
DefinitionGenerally copious means:
abundant (large in quantity or number)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
desist
2 uses
The Federal Trade Commission ordered the company to cease-and-desist from making such claims.
desist = to stop doing something
DefinitionGenerally desist means:
to not do something
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
establish
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
establish a positive tone
Which word choice best maintains the tone established in the first paragraph?
established = created
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
create, start, or set in [a] place
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library22 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
filial
2 uses
She tried to restrain her mother, so far as filial respect would allow.
filial = child-to-parent
DefinitionGenerally filial means:
relating to the relationship of children to their parents
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
grave
11 uses
Her smile disappeared as she suddenly realized the gravity of her situation.
gravity = seriousness or importance (weightiness)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn
The exact meaning of this sense of grave can depend upon its context. For example:
  • "This is a grave problem," or "a situation of the utmost gravity." — important, dangerous, or causing worry
  • "She was in a grave mood upon returning from the funeral." — sad or solemn
  • "She looked me in the eye and gravely promised." — in a sincere and serious manner
Word Statistics
Book11 uses
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
guile
2 uses
Her cleverness and inventiveness was exceeded only by her guile.
guile = cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceit
DefinitionGenerally guile means:
cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceitful
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
indifferent
7 uses
About a third are in favor of the change, a third are opposed, and a third are indifferent.
indifferent = without interest
DefinitionGenerally indifferent means:
without interest
in various senses, including:
  • unconcerned — as in "She is indifferent to what is served to eat."
  • unsympathetic — as in "She is indifferent to his needs."
  • not of good quality (which may imply average or poor quality depending upon context) — as in "an indifferent performance"
  • impartial — as in "We need a judge who is indifferent."
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library19 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
iniquity
2 uses
That was when I realized I had to climb up from the depths of iniquity.
iniquity = immorality
DefinitionGenerally iniquity means:
immorality; or an immoral act
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
kinetic
3 uses
It is a kinetic sculpture.
kinetic = characterized by motion
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
loathe
10 uses
I make New Year's resolutions every year and then loathe myself for breaking them.
loathe = detest or intensely dislike
Word Statistics
Book10 uses
Library10 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
mockery
13 uses
I will not permit the defendant to make a mockery of this trial.
mockery = something that is ridiculous
DefinitionGenerally mockery means:
ridicule (to make fun of)

or:

something so inadequate it is ridiculous (silly)
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library30 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
peasant
13 uses
Most people in the Middle Ages were peasants.
peasants = used historically: people of low income, education, and social standing
DefinitionGenerally peasant means:
used historically or possibly in relation to a very poor country:  a person of low income, education, and social standing — especially one who raises crops or livestock
Word Statistics
Book13 uses
Library11 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
revere
3 uses
Many fans revere Michael Jordan as one of the greatest basketball players of all time.
revere = regard with feelings of deep respect and admiration
DefinitionGenerally revere means:
regard with feelings of deep respect and admiration — sometimes with a mixture of wonder and awe or fear
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
torment
21 uses
She enjoys tormenting others.
tormenting = causing great mental or physical suffering
DefinitionGenerally torment means:
to cause or to experience great mental or physical suffering
Word Statistics
Book21 uses
Library18 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
venerate
1 use
Most contemporary Hindus do not actually worship the cow; though many venerate her.
venerate = regard with feelings of respect and reverence
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
zeal
2 uses
She attacks each challenge with zeal.
zeal = active interest and enthusiasm
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
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