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vocabulary
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The Merchant of Venice
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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abject
1 use
She grew up in abject poverty; though she didn't know it.
abject = extreme
DefinitionGenerally abject means:
extreme (in a negative sense such as misery, hopelessness, submissiveness, cruelty, or cowardice)
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
exeunt
26 uses
Exeunt all except Hamlet.
exeunt = stage direction:  characters exit from stage
Word Statistics
Book26 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.1
Web Links
exhort
1 use
I have exhorted and encouraged her, but it has to be her decision.
exhorted = urged strongly
DefinitionGenerally exhort means:
to urge strongly
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.1
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fulsome
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
a fulsome fund for emergencies
Our government is good at spending more when the economy is troubled, but does not save during fulsome times.
fulsome = abundant

(editor's note:  this sense of the word is frequently used in historic literature, but today the word is more commonly used to describe compliments or praise as excessive—often implying insincerity.)
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.3
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guile
1 use
Her cleverness and inventiveness was exceeded only by her guile.
guile = cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceit
DefinitionGenerally guile means:
cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceitful
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.2
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heinous
1 use
What could drive a person to commit such a heinous crime?
heinous = shockingly brutal or cruel
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.3
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heresy
1 use
It is a hardline form of Sunni Islam that condemns all other strains as heresy.
heresy = something immoral
DefinitionGenerally heresy means:
opinions or actions most people consider immoral
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.9
Web Links
impugn
1 use
She impugns the statistics even though they are validated at factcheck.com.
impugns = attacks as false or wrong
DefinitionGenerally impugn means:
attack as false or wrong
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
impute
1 use
Her critics impute a more cynical motive.
impute = attribute (say something is caused by)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of impute means:
attribute (to say one thing is the cause of another—often to blame and often wrongly)

or:

believe something to have a characteristic; or assign a value to something
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.3
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knell
1 use
The poll should be interpreted as the death knell of her campaign.
knell = the sound of a bell rung slowly — especially to announce death or a funeral
DefinitionGenerally knell means:
the sound of a bell rung slowly — especially to announce death or a funeral

or:

announcing the demise or end of something
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.2
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mercenary
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
a mercenary attitude
She has mercenary motives.
mercenary = marked by materialism or a profit orientation
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
mirth
2 uses
It was an evening of many stories and great mirth.
mirth = fun and laughter
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.1
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mitigate
1 use
Don't judge her so harshly until you consider the mitigating circumstances.
mitigating = making less harmful or unpleasant
DefinitionGenerally mitigate means:
make less harmful or unpleasant
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SATtop 1000
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
obdurate
1 use
Some of the protestors disbanded when the police arrived, but others remained obdurate.
obdurate = stubbornly persistent
DefinitionGenerally obdurate means:
stubbornly persistent — especially in wrongdoing

or more rarely (except in classic literature):

showing unfeeling resistance to tender feelings
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
obscure   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 2 uses
1  —1 use as in:
it obscured my view
The stars are obscured by the clouds.
obscured = hidden or made less visible
DefinitionGenerally this sense of obscure means:
to block from view or make less visible or understandable
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SATtop 2000
1st useScene 3.2
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
was obscure, but now bright
The once shiny silver was now tarnished and obscure.
obscure = dark, dingy, or inconspicuous
DefinitionGenerally this sense of obscure means:
dark or dingy; or inconspicuous (not very noticeable)
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.7
Web Links
perjury
1 use
She was not found guilty of the theft, but was found guilty of perjury during her testimony to the grand jury.
perjury = the criminal offense of telling lies in court after formally promising to tell the truth
DefinitionGenerally perjury means:
the criminal offense of telling lies after formally promising to tell the truth — such as when testifying in a court trial
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
peruse
1 use
Please peruse this report at your leisure.
peruse = read or examine
DefinitionGenerally peruse means:
to read or examine
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.4
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tedious
3 uses
I'll have to endure one of her tedious lectures.
tedious = boring or monotonous
DefinitionGenerally tedious means:
boring — especially because something goes on too long or without variation
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.3
Web Links
temporal
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
temporal world
She focuses more on the spiritual while his main concern is with temporal existence.
temporal = concerned with the material (in contrast to the spiritual) world
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
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