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The Merchant of Venice
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Typical Sample Sentences

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assume
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
She assumed a false identity
She assumed the identify of her victim until the body was found.
assumed = took on (or adopted)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of assume means:
to take on (adopt, wear, strike a pose or appearance of) — often while pretending or disguising
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library18 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useScene 3.2
Web Links
attribute
2 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
It is an attribute of...
The spreadsheet has a column to describe the breed of dog and then ten additional columns to indicate attributes of the breeds. For example the second column has the average full-grown weight.
attributes = characteristics
DefinitionGenerally this sense of attribute means:
a characteristic (of something or someone)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
consequence
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
a direct consequence of
Your decision will have three major consequences.
consequences = results
DefinitionGenerally this sense of consequence means:
a result of something (often an undesired side effect)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library25 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useScene 3.2
Web Links
eloquent
1 use
Her eloquence is unquestioned even amongst those who disagree with her.
eloquence = the powerful use of language
DefinitionGenerally eloquent means:
powerful use of language
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.2
Web Links
establish
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
establish a positive tone
Which word choice best maintains the tone established in the first paragraph?
established = created
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
create, start, or set in [a] place
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library21 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
exeunt
26 uses
Exeunt all except Hamlet.
exeunt = stage direction:  characters exit from stage
Word Statistics
Book26 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.1
Web Links
grave
1 use
Her smile disappeared as she suddenly realized the gravity of her situation.
gravity = seriousness or importance (weightiness)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn
The exact meaning of this sense of grave can depend upon its context. For example:
  • "This is a grave problem," or "a situation of the utmost gravity." — important, dangerous, or causing worry
  • "She was in a grave mood upon returning from the funeral." — sad or solemn
  • "She looked me in the eye and gravely promised." — in a sincere and serious manner
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library15 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useScene 1.1
Web Links
guile
1 use
Her cleverness and inventiveness was exceeded only by her guile.
guile = cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceit
DefinitionGenerally guile means:
cunning (shrewdness and cleverness) and deceitful
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.2
Web Links
heresy
1 use
It is a hardline form of Sunni Islam that condemns all other strains as heresy.
heresy = something immoral
DefinitionGenerally heresy means:
opinions or actions most people consider immoral
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.9
Web Links
inevitable
1 use
It is as inevitable as death and taxes.
inevitable = certain to happen
DefinitionGenerally inevitable means:
certain to happen (even if one tried to prevent it)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library21 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
interpret
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
her interpretation of the data
I don't know how to interpret her smile.
interpret = understand (In this case: Why did she smile? What does it mean?)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of interpret means:
to understand or explain something in a particular way — often the meaning or significance of something
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useScene 3.4
Web Links
mitigate
1 use
Don't judge her so harshly until you consider the mitigating circumstances.
mitigating = making less harmful or unpleasant
DefinitionGenerally mitigate means:
make less harmful or unpleasant
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useScene 4.1
Web Links
obscure   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 2 uses
1  —1 use as in:
it obscured my view
The stars are obscured by the clouds.
obscured = hidden or made less visible
DefinitionGenerally this sense of obscure means:
to block from view or make less visible or understandable
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 1000
1st useScene 3.2
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
was obscure, but now bright
The once shiny silver was now tarnished and obscure.
obscure = dark, dingy, or inconspicuous
DefinitionGenerally this sense of obscure means:
dark or dingy; or inconspicuous (not very noticeable)
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.7
Web Links
peruse
1 use
Please peruse this report at your leisure.
peruse = read or examine
DefinitionGenerally peruse means:
to read or examine
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.4
Web Links
ratify
1 use
The President already signed the treaty, but it won't take effect unless the Senate ratifies it.
ratifies = approves
DefinitionGenerally ratify means:
to approve — typically the formal approval of an agreement by an organization
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.2
Web Links
slander
1 use
In the United States, it is extremely difficult for someone famous to win a slander lawsuit—almost no matter what is said.
slander = words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 5.1
Web Links
tedious
3 uses
I'll have to endure one of her tedious lectures.
tedious = boring or monotonous
DefinitionGenerally tedious means:
boring — especially because something goes on too long or without variation
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.3
Web Links
yield
4 uses
1  —4 uses as in:
yield to pressure
The country vowed not to yield to pressure from its larger neighbors.
yield = give in
DefinitionGenerally this sense of yield means:
to give in, give way, or give up
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library13 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.1
Web Links
zeal
1 use
She attacks each challenge with zeal.
zeal = active interest and enthusiasm
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 5.1
Web Links
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