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vocabulary
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Henry IV, Part 1
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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abhor
1 use
This churlish knot of all-abhorred war,
abhorred = hated or detested

(editor's note:  churlish is a synonym for rude or mean-spirited)
DefinitionGenerally abhor means:
to hate or detest something
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 5.1
Web Links
affable
1 use
In faith, he is a worthy gentleman ... And wondrous affable,
affable = good natured and sociable
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.1
Web Links
apparent
6 uses
Was it for me to kill the heir-apparent?
apparent = appearing obvious (in this case, that he will be the heir)
DefinitionGenerally apparent means:
clear or obvious; or appearing as such but not necessarily so
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library50 uses in 10 avg bks
SATtop 500
1st useScene 1.2
Web Links
audacious
1 use
audacious cruelty
audacious = bold and daring
DefinitionGenerally audacious means:
bold and daring (inclined to take risks) — especially in violating social convention in a manner that could offend others
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 4.3
Web Links
bombastic
1 use
How now, my sweet creature of bombast?
bombast = pompous talker (windbag)
DefinitionGenerally bombastic means:
pompous or pretentious talk or writing

(often using difficult words in an attempt to make something sound more important than it is or to make the speaker sound more intelligent)
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.4
Web Links
choleric
2 uses
What, drunk with choler? stay, and pause awhile: Here comes your uncle.
choler = easily moved to anger; or characterized by anger
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.3
Web Links
commendation
1 use
You must needs learn, lord, to amend this fault: Though sometimes it show greatness, courage, blood— And that's the dearest grace it renders you,— Yet oftentimes it doth present harsh rage, Defect of manners, want of government, Pride, haughtiness, opinion, and disdain; The least of which haunting a nobleman Loseth men's hearts, and leaves behind a stain Upon the beauty of all parts besides, Beguiling them of commendation.
commendation = an official award; or a message expressing praise
DefinitionGenerally commendation means:
an official award (as for bravery or service) usually given as formal public statement

or:

a message expressing praise
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 3.1
Web Links
contempt
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
feels contempt towards him
seem'd it in contempt?
contempt = a manner that showed disrespect and dislike
DefinitionGenerally this sense of contempt means:
lack of respect — often accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike or disgust
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library10 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 5.2
Web Links
exeunt
25 uses
They embrace, and exeunt.
exeunt = stage direction:  characters exit from stage
Word Statistics
Book25 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.1
Web Links
grave
1 use
so gravely, so majestically
gravely = in a serious and solemn manner
DefinitionGenerally this sense of grave means:
serious and/or solemn

(see word notes for more detailed definitions based on context)
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library13 uses in 10 avg bks
SATtop 500
1st useScene 2.4
Web Links
ignominious
1 use
Thy ignominy sleep with thee in the grave
ignominy = disgrace
DefinitionGenerally ignominious means:
deserving or bringing disgrace or shame — typically in reference to behavior or character
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 5.4
Web Links
innovate
1 use
Which gape and rub the elbow at the news
Of hurlyburly innovation.
innovation = change (something new brought to the environment)
DefinitionGenerally innovate means:
bring something new to an environment
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
SATtop 1000
1st useScene 5.1
Web Links
liege
6 uses
My liege, I did deny no prisoners.
liege = a feudal lord entitled to allegiance and service

or:

a person who owes allegiance and service to a feudal lord
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library0 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.1
Web Links
malevolent
1 use
Malevolent to you in all aspects;
malevolent = wishing evil
DefinitionGenerally malevolent means:
evil:
  • of a person:  wishing or appearing to wish evil to others
  • of a thing:  exerting an evil or harmful influence
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.1
Web Links
prodigal
1 use
...you would think that I had a hundred and fifty tattered Prodigals lately come from swine-keeping, from eating draff and husks.
prodigals = referring to the person, in the commonly referenced Christian parable, The Prodigal Son

Editor's notes:
  • A parable is a story told to teach a moral lesson
  • The Prodigal Son is about extreme forgiveness.
  • In the parable, the main character took care of swine (pigs) and ate bad food (draff and husks).
  • This is a common usage of prodigal; though it more generally refers to anyone (not just the Prodigal Son) who is recklessly wasteful; or perhaps long absent.
DefinitionGenerally prodigal means:
recklessly wasteful

or more rarely:

abundant (extravagant in amount)

or more rarely still:

long absent (someone who has been away a long time)
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 4.2
Web Links
resolute
1 use
A purse of gold most resolutely snatch'd on Monday night, and most dissolutely spent on Tuesday morning;
resolutely = firm in purpose
DefinitionGenerally resolute means:
firm in purpose or belief
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.2
Web Links
ruminate
1 use
what I know Is ruminated, plotted, and set down
ruminated = thought about — again and again
DefinitionGenerally ruminate means:
to think again and again about something
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.3
Web Links
superfluous
1 use
I see no reason why thou shouldst be so superfluous to demand the time of the day.
superfluous = unnecessarily (asking for more than is required or useful)
DefinitionGenerally superfluous means:
more than is needed, desired, or required
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 1.2
Web Links
tranquil
1 use
I am joined with ... nobility and tranquillity,
tranquillity = a calm and undisturbed state

(editor's note:  This is more commonly spelled with one "L".)
DefinitionGenerally tranquil means:
calm and undisturbed
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library7 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 2.1
Web Links
vigilant
1 use
I am as vigilant as a cat to steal cream.
vigilant = carefully observant or attentive — often to possible danger
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useScene 4.2
Web Links
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