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Lord of the Flies
Vocabulary

Extra Credit Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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anonymous
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
an anonymous author
Then the shelter collapsed with smothering finality; and the anonymous shapes fought their way out and through.
anonymous = lacking individuality (as seen)

(editor's note:  This is a less common sense of anonymous. More commonly it refers to an unknown person.)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of anonymous means:
an unknown person, or of an unknown person — such as an unknown author, or donation of an unknown person
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SATtop 1000
1st useChapter 10
Web Links
context
1 use
The shell was interesting and pretty and a worthy plaything; but the vivid phantoms of his day-dream still interposed between him and Piggy, who in this context was an irrelevance.
context = situation (or matter at hand)

(editor's note:  In this context, interposed means "were inserted." Golding (the author) is saying that Ralph is so absorbed in his daydream that he is barley noticing the shell or what Piggy is saying.)
DefinitionGenerally context means:
the setting or situation in which something occurs
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SATtop 100
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
corpulent
1 use
Then as the blue material of the parachute collapsed the corpulent figure would bow forward, sighing, and the flies settle once more.
corpulent = excessively fat
DefinitionGenerally corpulent means:
with excessive body fat
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 9
Web Links
diffident
1 use
Diffidently, Simon allowed his pace to slacken until he was walking side by side with Ralph and looking up at him through the coarse black hair that now fell to his eyes.
diffidently = hesitant and unassertive due to a lack of self-confidence
DefinitionGenerally diffident means:
hesitant and unassertive — often due to a lack of self-confidence
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 6
Web Links
distend
1 use
Other boys were appearing now, tiny tots some of them, brown, with the distended bellies of small savages.
distended = to extend — especially the swelling outward of a part of the body such as the stomach
DefinitionGenerally distend means:
to extend — especially the swelling outward of a part of the body; e.g., the stomach
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 12
Web Links
ebullient
1 use
Then, with the martyred expression of a parent who has to keep up with the senseless ebullience of the children,
ebullience = joyous enthusiasm
DefinitionGenerally ebullient means:
joyously unrestrained
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
furtive
5 uses
For a moment his movements were almost furtive.
furtive = taking pains to avoid being observed
DefinitionGenerally furtive means:
taking pains to avoid being observed

or:

in a manner indicating nervousness (being cautious or appearing suspicious)
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 7
Web Links
inarticulate
2 uses
"We could be sort of..." Simon became inarticulate in his effort to express mankind's essential illness.
inarticulate = silent as he was unable to find the right words to express himself
DefinitionGenerally inarticulate means:
unable to communicate clearly (or to use words) in various senses such as:
  • unable to find good words to express oneself — "She gets nervous and inarticulate whenever he's around."
  • verbally expressing a feeling without words — "She uttered an inarticulate cry of despair."
  • unable to make oneself heard and understood — "She mumbled inarticulately."
  • unable to speak — "She was inarticulate with rage."


or (more rarely): a feeling or idea that is not expressed — as in "We shared an inarticulate fear."
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
irrelevant
2 uses
"We've killed a pig." ...
"You let the fire go out."
Jack checked, vaguely irritated by this irrelevance but too happy to let it worry him.
"We can light the fire again. You should have been with us, Ralph. We had a smashing time."
irrelevance = something that is unimportant
DefinitionGenerally irrelevant means:
not relevant (not related to the subject being considered, or not important enough to want to consider)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SATtop 100
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
officious
1 use
There was pushing and pulling and officious cries.
officious = annoyingly eager in offering service, advice, or opinions
DefinitionGenerally officious means:
intrusive in a meddling or offensive manner
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
positive   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 2 uses
1  —1 use as in:
I'm absolutely positive!
He had pushed the thought down and out of sight, where only some positive reminder like this could bring it to the surface.
positive = certain (strong)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of positive means:
certain (having no doubt)
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SATtop 100
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
had a positive effect
With some positive action before them, a little of the tension died.
positive = good or beneficial
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
SATtop 100
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
reflection   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 5 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
my reflection in the mirror
He looked in the pool for his reflection, but his breathing troubled the mirror.
reflection = image (on the surface of the pool)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of reflection means:
an image (seen on a mirror or other shiny surface)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SATtop 500
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
2  —3 uses as in:
lit by the reflection
Then he sat carefully on a fallen trunk near the little cliff that fronted the lagoon; and the tangled reflections quivered over him.
reflections = light that bounced off a surface (in this case, the lagoon)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of reflection means:
light seen after it bounces off a surface to another; or the process of bouncing light, sound, or other energy off of a surface
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library6 uses in 10 avg bks
SATtop 500
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
sensuous
1 use
The pigs lay, bloated bags of fat, sensuously enjoying the shadows under the trees.
sensuously = relating to pleasure from the body's senses rather than from the mind
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
specious
1 use
Ralph had been deceived before now by the specious appearance of depth in a beach pool and he approached this one preparing to be disappointed.
specious = seemingly good, but without merit
DefinitionGenerally specious means:
seemingly good, but without merit

or:

insincere, but seemingly good
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
subside
5 uses
1  —5 uses as in:
her anger subsided
His voice subsided to a mutter.
subsided = became less intense
DefinitionGenerally this sense of subside means:
become less intense, less severe, or less active — perhaps going away entirely
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
vicissitudes
1 use
Jack stood there, streaming with sweat, streaked with brown earth, stained by all the vicissitudes of a day's hunting.
vicissitudes = unanticipated difficulties
DefinitionGenerally vicissitudes means:
changes — especially unanticipated difficulties
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
wallow
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
wallow happily in the mud
He would like to have a bath, a proper wallow with soap.
wallow = to relax in shallow water
DefinitionGenerally this sense of wallow means:
to relax — especially of an animal rolling about in mud or shallow water

or more rarely:  a noun describing the mud puddle or indentation in which an animal relaxes or rolls around
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 7
Web Links
yield
1 use
1  —1 use as in:
yield to pressure
The pile was so rotten, and now so tinder-dry, that whole limbs yielded passionately to the yellow flames that poured upwards and shook a great beard of flame twenty feet in the air.
yielded = gave way
DefinitionGenerally this sense of yield means:
to give in, give way, or give up
Word Statistics
Book1 uses
Library1 uses in 10 avg bks
SATtop 100
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
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