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1984 (Nineteen Eighty-Four) by Orwell
Vocabulary

Top-Ranked Words with Sample Sentences from the Book

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annihilate
6 uses
You were abolished, annihilated: vaporized was the usual word.
annihilated = completely destroyed
DefinitionGenerally annihilate means:
to completely destroy or defeat
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library2 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 17
Web Links
capitalism
21 uses
The centuries of capitalism were held to have produced nothing of any value.
capitalism = an economic system based on private ownership of property and businesses, and on voluntary exchange in a competitive environment
DefinitionGenerally capitalism means:
an economic system based on private ownership of property and businesses, and on voluntary exchange in a competitive environment — with the belief that voluntary exchanges harness inborn self-interest in millions of decisions that benefit society
Word Statistics
Book21 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 3
Web Links
continuous
24 uses
Since about that time, war had been literally continuous, though strictly speaking it had not always been the same war.
continuous = uninterrupted (without pause)
DefinitionGenerally continuous means:
continuing in time or space without interruption or irregularity
Word Statistics
Book24 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
demonstrate   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 11 uses
1  —3 uses as in:
It demonstrates my point.
The belief that nothing exists outside your own mind — surely there must be some way of demonstrating that it was false?
demonstrating = showing
DefinitionGenerally this sense of demonstrate means:
to show
The exact meaning of this sense of demonstrate can depend upon its context. For example:
  • "I will demonstrate how to throw a Frisbee." — show how to do something
  • "I will demonstrate how much quicker the new computer is than the old one." — show how something works
  • "Her questioned demonstrated that she was listening and thinking deeply about what was said." — showed to be true or proved
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library19 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 18
Web Links
2  —8 uses as in:
demonstrate to protest
All over Oceania this morning there were irrepressible spontaneous demonstrations when workers marched out of factories and offices and paraded through the streets with banners voicing their gratitude to Big Brother for the new, happy life which his wise leadership has bestowed upon us.
demonstrations = public displays of support
DefinitionGenerally this sense of demonstrate means:
a public display supporting a cause — usually joining with others in a political protest
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 2
Web Links
direct   (3 meanings)
3 meanings, 19 uses
1  —7 uses as in:
was direct in my instructions
This again was never put into plain words, but in an indirect way it was rubbed into every Party member from childhood onwards.
indirect = not straightforward (not clearly stated)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of direct means:
straightforward (uncomplicated or simple — perhaps also indicating openness and honesty)
Word Statistics
Book7 uses
Library12 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 17
Web Links
2  —1 use as in:
directed her question to
...then a rumour flew round that spies were directing the rocket bombs by means of wireless waves, and an old couple who were suspected of being of foreign extraction had their house set on fire and perished of suffocation.
directing = guiding
DefinitionGenerally this sense of direct means:
to indicate direction; or to cause movement or focus in a direction or towards an object
The exact meaning of this sense of direct is subject to its context. For example:
  • "intentionally directed fire at unarmed civilians" — aimed a gun
  • "directed the question to her" — aimed a question
  • "directed her north" — pointed in a particular direction
  • "directed attention to the 3rd paragraph" — focused attention on a particular object
  • "The sound of her voice directed him to the kitchen." — guided or gave directions to someone to help them move to a particular place
  • "She directed him to the airport." — gave directions to send someone to a particular place
  • "She directed the boat north." — steered it
  • "directed the letter to" — send a letter to a particular person by putting a name and address on it
Word Statistics
Book1 use
Library31 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 13
Web Links
3  —4 uses as in:
directed the movie
It was O'Brien who was directing everything. ... It was he who decided when Winston should scream with pain, when he should have a respite, when he should be fed, when he should sleep, when the drugs should be pumped into his arm.
directing = controlling
DefinitionGenerally this sense of direct means:
supervise, control, or to be in charge of
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library22 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
?  —7 uses
exact meaning not specified
or not quizzed
empirical
3 uses
The empirical method of thought, on which all the scientific achievements of the past were founded, is opposed to the most fundamental principles of Ingsoc.
empirical = based on experience or observation
DefinitionGenerally empirical means:
based on experience or observation rather than theory
Word Statistics
Book3 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 17
Web Links
establish   (2 meanings)
2 meanings, 7 uses
1  —5 uses as in:
establish a positive tone
He thought also of hurrying to the Community Centre and staying there till the place closed, so as to establish a partial alibi for the evening.
establish = create
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
create, start, or set in [a] place
Word Statistics
Book5 uses
Library22 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 17
Web Links
2  —2 uses as in:
establish that there is a need
For how could you establish even the most obvious fact when there existed no record outside your own memory?
establish = prove
DefinitionGenerally this sense of establish means:
show or determine (cause to be recognized or figure out)
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 21
Web Links
forgery
6 uses
Even the written instructions which Winston received, and which he invariably got rid of as soon as he had dealt with them, never stated or implied that an act of forgery was to be committed: always the reference was to slips, errors, misprints, or misquotations which it was necessary to put right in the interests of accuracy.
forgery = making a falsified (fake) copy of a document
DefinitionGenerally forgery means:
something that is represented as real even though it is a fake; or the making of such a fake item
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 13
Web Links
heresy
20 uses
The Russians persecuted heresy more cruelly than the Inquisition had done.
heresy = beliefs considered to be immoral
DefinitionGenerally heresy means:
opinions or actions most people consider immoral
Word Statistics
Book20 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
illustrate
2 uses
1  —2 uses as in:
as illustrated by this example
In our society, those who have the best knowledge of what is happening are also those who are furthest from seeing the world as it is. ... One clear illustration of this is the fact that war hysteria increases in intensity as one rises in the social scale.
illustration = example (to help clarify or demonstrate)
DefinitionGenerally this sense of illustrate means:
to help make clear — typically by example
Word Statistics
Book2 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st useChapter 8
Web Links
moreover
11 uses
Any sound that Winston made, above the level of a very low whisper, would be picked up by it, moreover, so long as he remained within the field of vision which the metal plaque commanded, he could be seen as well as heard.
moreover = in addition to what has just been said
Word Statistics
Book11 uses
Library8 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 100
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
obsolete
4 uses
Then he went on: 'What I had really intended to say was that in your article I noticed you had used two words which have become obsolete.'
obsolete = replaced with something better
DefinitionGenerally obsolete means:
no longer in general use because it was replaced by something better
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 500
1st useChapter 5
Web Links
orthodox
21 uses
Orthodoxy means not thinking — not needing to think.
orthodoxy = conforming to commonly accepted beliefs and behaviors
DefinitionGenerally orthodox means:
thinking and behavior that is (or was) commonly accepted
Word Statistics
Book21 uses
Library4 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 1
Web Links
prevail
6 uses
1  —6 uses as in:
prevailing attitude
The prevailing emotion was simply curiosity.
prevailing = most powerful or influential
DefinitionGenerally this sense of prevailing means:
most common, powerful, or influential
Word Statistics
Book6 uses
Library3 uses in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 9
Web Links
rectify
8 uses
The messages he had received referred to articles or news items which for one reason or another it was thought necessary to alter, or, as the official phrase had it, to rectify.
rectify = correct
DefinitionGenerally this sense of rectify means:
make right or correct
Word Statistics
Book8 uses
Library1 use in 10 avg bks
1st useChapter 4
Web Links
relevant
4 uses
But the really relevant date was seven or eight years earlier.
relevant = important to the issue in question

(editor's note: This is from the scene in the book when a scrap of newspaper missed destruction and fell into Winston's hands year's later. It was the only time he ever had "concrete evidence" that the Party changed recorded history. The "relevant date" was the date in history that was changed.)
DefinitionGenerally relevant means:
relating in a meaningful way to the issue in question
Word Statistics
Book4 uses
Library5 uses in 10 avg bks
SAT®*top 10
1st useChapter 15
Web Links
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