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Multiple Meanings
tartar — as in:  tartar on the teeth

It was the sort of romantic fustian we both barely tolerated, but she let it play; the hoofbeats of the Tartar kettledrums began thudding through the room.
William Styron  --  Sophie’s Choice
calcified deposits on the teeth, formed by the continuous presence of dental plaque (also called calculous)

Do not confuse this with the proper noun, Tartar, which references a central Asian people once known for their ferocity in battle.

The expression tartar sauce refers to a mayonnaise-based sauce commonly served with seafood and sometimes spelled tartare sauce. You may also see steak tartar in reference to a ground beef dish that is eaten raw; though the preferred spelling of the dish is steak tartare.

Much more rarely, tartar can reference anyone with a bad temper, or it can reference a reddish crust or sediment in wine casks.
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