The two cities play homologous roles for their respective states.
similar — in position, structure, function, or origin
Some specialized meanings of homologous include:
- anatomy or evolution: having the same origin but different function such as human arms and bat wings
- genetics: referring to the relationship between a pair of chromosomes
- chemistry: referring to the relationship between a series of organic compounds that differ by a constant increment, for instance by the addition of a CH2 group
- of blood transfusions: from a compatible donor other than one’s self
See the related Wikipedia page for detail on these or other specialized senses of homologous