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Multiple Meanings
incumbent — as in:  the incumbent governor

She had to defeat an incumbent governor to win.
the person who currently holds an official position
incumbent — as in:  incumbent upon her to

It’s incumbent upon her to clean up the mess she created.
necessary (for someone) as a duty or responsibility

Much more rarely (and generally archaically) "incumbent" can also mean resting, leaning, or bent downward; e.g.:
  • Two incumbent figures, gracefully leaning upon it.
  • The incumbent geological formation...
  • To move the incumbent load...
  • The incumbent toe of a bird.
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